World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Elections in Bahrain

Article Id: WHEBN0001253840
Reproduction Date:

Title: Elections in Bahrain  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Politics of Bahrain, Bahraini opposition, Women's rights in Bahrain, Outline of Bahrain, Haq Movement
Collection: Elections in Bahrain, Human Rights in Bahrain, Politics of Bahrain
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Elections in Bahrain

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bahrain

The National Assembly is bicameral with the lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, having 40 members elected in single-seat constituencies for a four year term. The upper house, the Shura Council, has 40 members appointed by the King of Bahrain, with the stated aim of giving a voice to minority communities and technocratic experts within the legislative process. Supporters of the system refer to long established democracies the United Kingdom and Canada operating with this bicameralism with an appointed upper chamber and an elected lower chamber. Opponents of this system point out that unlike the bicameral systems in the UK and Canada, the Bahraini system gives the unelected upper house equal or more legislative power than the elected lower house, allowing the King to control all legislation. Opponents also point out that the current system was imposed unilaterally by the King, violating the 1973 Constitution and a 2001 signed agreement with the Bahraini opposition.

Contents

  • Latest elections 1
  • Past elections 2
    • 2002 Parliamentary election 2.1
    • 1973 Parliamentary elections 2.2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Latest elections

Forty seats were elected on October 24, 2010, with the runoffs that were needed on October 30.[1] A total of 127 candidates competed in the election, which was also chose municipal councils.

More thant 318,000 were eligible to vote.[2] Head of the electoral commission and Justice Minister, Sheikh Khaled bin Ali al-Khalifa, gave an estimate of turnout of "at least 67 percent," less than the 72% in 2006 and 53.4% in 2002.[3] 127 candidates stood in the election.[4]

The Wefaq National Islamic Society won 18 of the 40 seats, 1 more than the previous election.[1] Combined Shiite and independent (Sunni) candidates won a majority of seats for the first time.[4]

The constitution of parliament following the results of the 2010 elections was altered by the Bahraini parliamentary by-election in September 2011.

 Summary of the 23 October and 30 October 2010 Council of Representatives of Bahrain elections results
Party Ideology Seats
Al Wefaq Shia Islamist 18
Al Asalah Sunni Salafist 3
Al-Menbar Islamic Society Sunni Islamist 2
Independents Various 17
Total 40
Source: "Independents the biggest winners".  

Past elections

2002 Parliamentary election

The elections in 2002 were the first since the late emir Shaikh Isa ibn Salman al-Khalifa dissolved the first elected parliament in 1975 and abrogated the 1973 Constitution (see: History of Bahrain).

On 24 October 2002, men and women went to the polls in Bahrain to vote in parliamentary elections for the new National Assembly. The poll was the first national election in which women had the right to vote and stand as candidates (see Women's political rights in Bahrain for more details). The 2002 elections were at the core of democratic reforms launched by King Hamad when he became King in 1999. The Kingdom's political associations are gearing up to contest the general elections in September 2006.

The largest opposition party Al Wefaq called for the restriction of the rights of elected MPs, campaigning for their legislative powers on issues related to the rights of women and children to be given to unelected clerics. In November 2005 they began a campaign for Bahrain's constitution to be amended to reflect this.

According to Rulers in parliamentary elections at 24 October 2002 the Sunni Islamists and independents won 16 of 40 seats. Turnout was 53.2%. In a second round held on October 31, the independents won 12 seats and the Islamists 9. The secular representatives or independents secure a total of 21 of the 40 seats. No women candidates were elected.

Candidates ran as individuals in the 2002 elections, but are organised in parliament as members of de facto political parties known as 'political societies'.

1973 Parliamentary elections

The first ever parliamentary elections to be held in Bahrain took place in December 1973. Thirty members were elected to the National Assembly of Bahrain, by a franchise restricted to male citizens. An additional 14 ministers of the royally-appointed government became unelected ex officio members of National Assembly to make a total of 44 parliamentarians.

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.almanar.com.lb/newssite/NewsDetails.aspx?id=159365&language=en
  2. ^ http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2010/10/2010102371445380323.html
  3. ^ http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jlbfSEbtolAwFHTaDhCTREw27ylQ?docId=CNG.5f120bbe460b15f95ab9522cc596b7bc.4a1
  4. ^ a b http://www.presstv.ir/detail/148974.html

External links

  • Adam Carr's Election Archive
  • Women warned of 'dirty' poll fight, Gulf Daily News, 13 October 2005
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.