World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ercole su'l Termodonte

Article Id: WHEBN0017784249
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ercole su'l Termodonte  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: The opera corpus, List of compositions by Antonio Vivaldi, List of operas by Vivaldi
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ercole su'l Termodonte

Ercole su'l Termodonte (Italian pronunciation: [ˈɛrkole sul termoˈdonte]; ‘Hercules in Thermodon’) is a baroque Italian opera in three acts. In 1723, it became the sixteenth opera set to music by Antonio Vivaldi. Its catalogue number is RV 710. The libretto was written by Antonio Salvi (not Giacomo Francesco Bussani as previously misattributed).[1] The opera was premiered January 23, 1723 in Rome's Teatro Capranica.[2] Due to a papal edict preventing women from appearing onstage in Rome, it premiered with castrati singing all the female roles.[1] Vivaldi was both conductor and solo violinist.

Although the score was believed to have been lost, 30 arias and 2 duets were discovered in several archives, and the rest of the opera was reconstructed by Alessandro Ciccolini.


Role Voice type Premiere cast,[2] 1723
(Conductor: Antonio Vivaldi )
Hercules (Ercole) tenor Giovanni Battista Pinacci
Antiope, Queen of the Amazons mezzo-soprano castrato (en travesti) Giovanni Ossi
Martesia, Antiope's daughter soprano castrato (en travesti) Girolamo Bartoluzzi
Hippolyte, Antiope's sister soprano castrato (en travesti) Giacinto Fontana, "Farfallino"
Orizia, Antiope's second sister soprano castrato (en travesti) Giovanni Dreyer
Theseus, prince of Athens contralto castrato Giovanni Battista Minelli
Alceste, king of Sparta soprano castrato Giovanni Carestini
Telamone, king of Ithaca contralto castrato Giuseppe Domenico Galletti


The story is based on the ninth of twelve legendary Labors of Hercules. To atone for killing his children in wrath, Hercules must perform twelve labors, the ninth of which is to travel to Thermodon and capture the sword of the Amazon Queen Antiope. (In other versions of the story, the quest was for her magical girdle.) The Amazons were a tribe of female warriors who put all their male children to death.

Hercules, accompanied by the heroes Theseus, Telamon and Alceste, attacks the Amazons and captures Martesia, daughter of the queen. The Amazons then capture Theseus and, as soon as Queen Antiope swears to sacrifice him, Martesia falls in love with him. In the end, the goddess Diana decrees the marriage of Hippolyte with Theseus, prince of Athens, and of Martesia with Telamon, king of Ithaca





  • Talbot, Michael, Vivaldi and Rome: Observations and Hypotheses, Journal of the Royal Musical Association, Vol. 113, No. 1, 1988, 28-46.
  • Vitali, Carlo, Biondi's Labors Won, or Unearthing the Lost Vivaldi, Opera Today, 22 Oct 2007 (accessible online).

External links

  • Biondi's Labors Won, or Unearthing the Lost Vivaldi

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.