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European Flag

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European Flag

This is a list of international, national and subnational flags used in Europe.

Supranational and international flags

Flag Date Use Description
1957/1958 – Flag of the Benelux Combines features from the flags of the member countries: Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
Unknown Flag of the Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine Light blue flag with four dark blue stripes horizontally across the lower half of the flag covered by a yellow anchor. Top half has six yellow stars in a circle.
1990s – Flag of the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA)
1991 – Flag of the Commonwealth of Independent States The flag of the Commonwealth of Independent States is blue with the emblem of the organisation in the centre.
100px 1976 – Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations
100px Flag of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries
1955 – Flag of the Council of Europe A circle of 12 upward-oriented 5-pointed golden stars centred on a blue field.
1986[1] – Flag of the European Union[2]
1958[3] – 2002 Flag of the European Coal and Steel Community Two horizontal bars, blue on top and black below, with white stars in two rows along the middle. Number of stars depended on states, but fixed at 12 from 1986.
Flag of La Francophonie
1953[1] – Flag of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation A navy blue field charged with a white compass rose emblem from which radiate four white lines.
1984 – Flag of the Nordic Council White stylised swan, with eight feathers, on a blue disk upon a white background.
1971 – Flag of the Romani people Blue and green background (heavens and earth, respectively), with red chakra in the centre, representing Romani nomadic tradition.
100px Flag of the St John Ambulance Brigade An eight-pointed St John cross with lions and unicorns on a black field.
1986 – Flag of the Sami people
1993 – 2011 Flag of the Western European Union Similar to the European: A semicircle of 10 5-pointed gold stars on a blue field with white initials WEU and UEO in the centre.

Flags of European countries

Flag Date Use Description
1912 – Flag of Albania The flag of Albania, adopted in April 1912, is a red flag with a black two-headed eagle in the centre. It is derived from the seal of Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg, a 15th-century Albanian who led the revolt against the Ottoman Empire that resulted in brief independence for Albania from 1443 to 1478.
1866 – Flag of Andorra The flag of Andorra, adopted in 1866, is a tricolour of blue, yellow, and red with the coat of arms of Andorra in the centre. It is based on the flags of France and Spain. The coat of arms of Andorra is based on the Catalan flag (4-red-coloured ribbons with yellow background).
1918 – 1938
1945 –
Flag of Austria Originally adopted in 1918, was officially adopted (again) in 1945, after being banned during World War II.

Stripes of red and white have been a collective emblem of Austria for over 800 years, and their first usage on the flag occurred in 1191. According to long established legend, the red and white flag was designed to resemble the bloodstained white coat worn by the Duke of Austria during a fierce battle.

1918 – Flag of Azerbaijan Originally adopted in 1918 as a flag of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, was officially adopted again in 1991, after Azerbaijan gained its independence.

The flag of Azerbaijan is the national ensign of Azerbaijan. It consists of three equal horizontal bands colored blue, red, and green, with a white crescent and an eight-pointed star are centered in the red band. The blue band refers to Turkic heritage, the red is for progress and Europeanisation and the green refers to Islam.

1995 – Flag of Belarus Belarus' flag was officially adopted on May 16, 1995. The dominant red and green were colours used on its flag when it was a republic of the former Soviet Union. The woven fabric ornament on the left uses traditional Belarusian red and white colours.
1831 – Flag of Belgium The flag was officially adopted on January 23, 1831.

Black, gold and red are symbolic of the country's coat of arms; black representing the shield; gold representing the lion, and red representing the lion's claws and tongue. The vertical layout is taken from the French Tricolour.

1998 – Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina The flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of a wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow isosceles triangle abutting the band and the top of the flag. The remainder of the flag is medium blue with seven five-pointed white stars and two half stars top and bottom along the hypotenuse of the triangle. The three points of the triangle stand for the three nations of Bosnia: Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs. It is said to represent the map of Bosnia.
1878 –  1946
1991 –
Flag of Bulgaria The flag of Bulgaria was adopted in 1989 and consists of three horizontal bands of white, green and red.
1990 – Flag of Croatia The flag of Croatia, adopted in December 1990, consists of three equal horizontal stripes of red, white and blue, which has been the Croatian flag since 1848. In the middle is the Coat of arms of Croatia.
1960 – Flag of Cyprus The flag was officially adopted on August 16, 1960.

The island is depicted in a copper shade representative of its name; the name Cyprus has roots in the Sumerian word for copper (zubar) from the large deposits of copper found on the island. The crossed green olive branches symbolise the hope for peace between the Turks and the Greeks. It was designed by İsmet Güney, a Turkish Cypriot painter.

1920 – 1939
1945 –
Flag of the Czech Republic The first flag of Czechoslovakia was white over red, and those colours are the heraldic colours of Bohemia. The blue triangle was added to the flag in an effort to distinguish it from the Polish flag, and blue is said to represent the State of Moravia.
1219 – Flag of Denmark It is the world's oldest state flag still in use. Legend has it that it appeared as a sign from heaven to King Valdemar II in 1219.

Known as the Dannebrog ("Danish Cloth"), this blood-red flag with an off-centred white cross (a "Scandinavian Cross") became a model for other regional flags.

1918 – 1940
1990 –
Flag of Estonia It was officially re-adopted on May 8, 1990.

Blue represents loyalty, and the country's beautiful blue skies, seas and lakes; black is symbolic of past oppression and the fertile soil; and white represents virtue, winter snows, and Estonia's long struggle for freedom and independence.

1918 – Flag of Finland It was officially adopted on May 29, 1918.

The off-centred blue cross is based on the Scandinavian Cross, widely used on Scandinavian national flags. The blue colour is symbolic of blue skies, and the thousands of lakes in Finland. The white represents the winter snows.

1794 – 1814
1830 –
Flag of France It was officially adopted on February 15, 1794.

The tricolore consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the country's national colours: blue, white, and red. The blue band is positioned nearest the flag-staff, the white in the middle, and the red on the outside. Red, white and blue have come to represent liberty, equality and fraternity - the ideals of the French Revolution. Blue and red are also the time-honoured colours of Paris, while white is the colour of the Royal House of Bourbon.

2004 – Flag of Georgia This recently adopted flag is a simple white rectangle, with a central red cross connecting all four sides of the flag; in each of the four corners is a small red cross. The flag is based on a historic five-cross design that dates back to the 14th century.
1919 – 1933
1949 –
Flag of Germany It was officially re-adopted on May 23, 1949 and subsequently used by West Germany while the country was divided into East and West before reunification in 1990.

The tricolour flag was designed in 1832, and the black, red, and gold colours were taken from the uniforms of German soldiers during the Napoleonic Wars (Out of the blackness (black) of servitude through bloody (red) battles to the golden (gold) light of freedom.[4]) or taken from the coat of arms of Holy Roman Empire.

1978 – Flag of Greece The flag of Greece was officially adopted in 1822.

Features a white cross, and a combination of nine blue and white horizontal stripes. The shade of blue has varied over the years, and darker blue (shown) is now commonly used. The cross is symbolic of the vision of Constantine i.e. a white cross in a blue sky. The alternating white and blue stripes represent the independence of the Greek people. During the centuries of Ottoman domination the Greeks (i.e. the "Roman Nation" as they were referred to by the Ottomans) were represented by a flag of alternating red and blue stripes. The red, representing the Ottoman Empire, was replaced by white upon independence.

1957 – Flag of Hungary The flag of Hungary was officially adopted in 1848.

The overall design is modelled after the French Tricolour. Red is said to symbolise strength, green hope, and white faithfulness.

1915 – Flag of Iceland The flag of Iceland was adopted in June 1915 to represent Iceland. In June 1944 it was instated as the flag of the independent republic of Iceland. Like other Scandinavian flags, it is based on the Scandinavian Cross. It is a reverse colour image of the Flag of Norway. The blue represents the sea, the white represents the snow and glaciers and the red symbolises volcanic lava.
1922 – Flag of Ireland The flag of Ireland was officially adopted on January 21, 1919.

Modelled after the French Tricolour, Ireland's flag uses colour to symbolise religions. Green is representative of Catholics, orange is representative of Protestants, and the white is symbolic of the union of both.

1948 – Flag of Italy Derived from an original design by Napoleon, it consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the national colours of Italy: green, white, and red. Green was said to be Napoleon's favourite colour.
1937 – Flag of Liechtenstein The flag of Liechtenstein consists of two horizontal bands of blue and red with a gold crown in the canton.
1918 –  1940
1990 –
Flag of Latvia The flag of Latvia was officially re-adopted on February 27, 1990.

The design is adopted from a 13th-century chronicle where "red divided by white" is said to be a Latvian flag. To differ from Austrian flag, the proportion 2:1:2 and "Latvian red" color has been adopted.

1918 – 1940
1989 –
Flag of Lithuania The flag of Lithuania was officially re-adopted on March 20, 1989, before Lithuania gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1990.

Yellow is symbolic of the country's wheat fields, green symbolic of the forests, and red symbolises patriotism. Collectively the colours represent hope for the future, freedom from oppression, and the courage of the Lithuanian people.

1845 – Flag of Luxembourg The flag of Luxembourg was officially adopted in 1972, although used since 1848 following Luxembourg's independence from the Netherlands in the late 19th century.

The flag uses a combination of red, white, and blue that date to the 13th century, and the Grand Duke's coat of arms.

1995 – Flag of Macedonia The flag of the Republic of Macedonia depicts a rising yellow sun with eight rays extending to the edges of the red field. It represents "the new sun of liberty", evoked in the Macedonian national anthem Denes nad Makedonija (Today Over Macedonia).
1964 – Flag of Malta The flag of Malta was officially adopted on September 21, 1964.

The flag uses the traditional red and white colours which pre-date those of the Knights of Malta and which Government emulate the arms of the former Universitas of Mdina. The George Cross (upper left), outlined in red, was added to the flag in the 1940s, as King George VI of the United Kingdom presented it to islanders for outstanding gallantry during World War II.

1990 – Flag of Moldova Moldova's flag was officially adopted on May 12, 1990. Once part of Romania, Moldova's flag reflects that association, as the two countries use almost identical shades of red, yellow and blue in their national flags. The centred Moldova shield's main feature is a golden eagle holding an Orthodox Christian Cross in its beak. The olive branch is said to symbolise peace.
1881 – Flag of Monaco The flag of Monaco has two horizontal bands of red and white - these have been the heraldic colours of the House of Grimaldi since at least 1339.
2004 – Flag of Montenegro The flag of Montenegro, adopted in July 2004, is a red banner bearing the coat of arms adopted in 1993. The coat of arms derives from those of King Nikola.
1937 – Flag of the Netherlands The flag of the Netherlands was officially adopted on February 19, 1937.

At one time this tricolour flag was orange, white, and blue, as those were the livery colours of William of Orange, a Dutch prince. In the 17th century, red replaced the orange as a flag colour, because the orange dye used on the flag was unstable, and turned red after exposure to the sun.

1821 – 1844
1898 –
Flag of Norway The flag of Norway is red with a blue Scandinavian cross outlined in white; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog, the flag of Denmark. It was adopted in 1821, but a union mark was added in the canton from 1844 to 1898.
1919 – Flag of Poland The flag of Poland was officially adopted on August 1, 1919.

The colours red (actually magenta) and almost whites have long been associated with Poland and its coat of arms,[5] at least from establishing of the Constitution of 3 May 1791.

1911 – Flag of Portugal The flag of Portugal was officially adopted on June 30, 1911.

The design is that of a rectangular bi-colour (2:3 ratio) with a field vertically divided into two stripes of different width—a green stripe on the hoist, and a larger red stripe on the fly. The minor version of the national coat of arms (armillary sphere and Portuguese shield) is entered over the boundary between the colours at equal distance from the upper and lower edges. The field colours, especially the green, originally represented a radical republican-inspired change that broke the bond with the former religious monarchical flag. In the ensuing decades, these colours were popularly propagandised as representing the hope of the nation (green) and the blood (red) of those who died defending it, as a means to endow them with a more patriotic and dignified, therefore less political, sentiment.

1848, 1867 – 1948
1989 –
Flag of Romania The flag of Romania was officially re-adopted in 1989. The first red-yellow-blue flag dates from 1834 but the colours themselves are thought to have had special significance from earlier times. The current layout dates since 1848

A vertical tricolour of bands of blue, yellow, and red of equal width and overall proportions of 2:3 (height-width). It could be inspired by the French flag.

1883 – 1918
1993 –
Flag of Russia The Russian Federation flag was officially adopted on August 22, 1991. The flag was hoisted shortly after the former Soviet Union collapsed. The white, red and blue are Pan-Slavic colours.
1862 – Flag of San Marino The flag of San Marino comprises equal horizontal bands of white and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the centre.
2004 – Flag of Serbia The flag of Serbia consists of three horizontal bands of red, blue and white, with the coat-of-arms located left of centre. By accident or design the colours are that of the Russian flag reversed. Flag with three horizontal bands of red, blue and white has been used as the national flag of Serbia and Serbs since 1835. Red, blue, and white are considered Pan-Slavic colours, but red and blue also occur on flags attributed to a 13th-century king of Serbia. The entered coat of arms of Serbia is double-headed white eagle and a red shield with a white cross surrounded by 4 firesteels ("ocila"), a symbol that draws roots from Byzantine coat of arms (where cross is surrounded by four Greek letters Beta) and from much deeper past of the Balkan peninsula, as it can be seen on 7000 years old Vinca culture [6] pottery and many other later traditional Balkan cultural remains.[7]
1992 – Flag of Slovakia The flag of Slovakia was officially adopted on September 1, 1992.

Red, white, and blue are traditional Pan-Slavic colours. The entered Slovakian arms features a dominant white cross atop a blue symbolic reference to the country's mountains.

1991 – Flag of Slovenia The flag of Slovenia was officially adopted on June 24, 1991.

Red, white, and blue are taken from the Carniolan coat of arms. The flag without the coat of arms was in use from 1848 to 1945. The Slovenian coat of arms features three gold stars, symbolizing the Counts of Celje. The mountains shown in white are representative of the Alps, and Mount Triglav, Slovenia's national symbol, in particular; the wavy blue lines across the bottom indicate Slovenia's access to the sea.

1981 – Flag of Spain The flag of Spain was officially adopted on July 19, 1927, though use of similar designs dates to the late 18th century.

The red and golden-yellow colours were first used in the late 18th century by the King of Spain as he tried to easily differentiate his ships from those of other countries. They're also the original colours found within the arms of both the Castile, Aragon and Navarre regions of the country, the regions first united by King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile.

1569 – Flag of Sweden The flag of Sweden was officially adopted on June 22, 1906.

The off-centred yellow cross (The Scandinavian Cross) is taken from the Danish flag. The yellow and blue colours are taken from the national coat of arms.

1889 – Flag of Switzerland The flag of Switzerland consists of a red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the centre. It is one of only two square flags, the other being that of the Vatican City. It is based on the flag of the Canton of Schwyz, which dates back to 1474 at least.
1844 – Flag of Turkey The flag of Turkey is a red flag with a white crescent moon and a star in its centre. The flag is called Ay Yıldız (literally, moon star.) or Albayrak (Red flag) which were adopted in 1844 with the Tanzimat reforms; though the shape, placement and shade of the colour vary. The geometric proportions of the flag were legally standardised with the Turkish Flag Law in 1936.
1918 – 1920
1992 –
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine's flag was adopted on September 4, 1991, shortly after the collapse of the former Soviet Union. This is the country's original flag used by the short-lived Ukrainian People's Republic, but it was banned for many decades under Soviet occupation. The shade of blue is said to be symbolic of the sky, while the yellow represents Ukraine's golden wheat fields.
1801 – Flag of the United Kingdom The current flag of the United Kingdom dates from the Act of Union 1800, which merged the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

The 'Union Jack' merges the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England), edged in white, superimposed on the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick (patron saint of Ireland), which are superimposed on the saltire of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland). The flag of Wales, the other country of the United Kingdom, is not graphically represented.

1929 – Flag of the Vatican City The flag of Vatican City, adopted in June 1929, consists of two vertical bands of yellow and white with the crossed keys of Saint Peter and the Papal Tiara centred in the white band. It is one of only two square country flags in the world, the other being that of Switzerland.

Flags of European sub-divisions

Flag Date Use Within country Description
1999 – Flag of Abruzzo Italy
1918 – Flag of Andalusia Spain The flag of Andalusia consists of a horizontal tricolour (green-white-green) with the Andalusian arms in the centre.
1947 – Flag of the Aosta Valley Italy The flag of the Aosta Valley consists of two vertical stripes (the left black the right red), sometimes with the arms of the Aosta Valley in the centre.
2001 – Flag of Apulia Italy
1982 – Flag of Aragon Spain
1982 – Flag of Asturias Spain The flag of Asturias is light blue with the Victory Cross slightly left of the centre.
1979 – Flag of Azores Portugal The flag of Azores has the colours of the flag of Portugal until 1910. It also has 9 stars representing the islands of the archipelago, the Portuguese shield and a Goshawk (in Portuguese Açor) that gives the name to the archipelago. It shows striking similarities with the flag of the now deceased Azores Liberation Front.
1983 – Flag of the Balearic Islands Spain
1978 – Flag of the Basque Country Spain, France
1959 – Flag of North Brabant Netherlands
1923 – Flag of Brittany France The flag, called Gwen ha du (White and black) was created in 1923 by Morvan Marchal (1900–1963, a member of various political and cultural organizations). He used as his inspiration the old Breton flag (a centred black cross on a white background), called Kroaz du (Black cross), and the flags of the United States and Greece as these two countries were seen at that time as the respective symbols of liberty and democracy. The nine horizontal stripes represent the traditional dioceses of Brittany into which the duchy was divided historically. The five black stripes represent the French or Gallo speaking dioceses of Dol, Nantes, Rennes, Saint-Malo and Saint-Brieuc—while the four white stripes represent the Breton speaking dioceses of Trégor, Léon, Cornouaille and Vannes. The ermine canton recalls the ducal arms of Brittany.
1984 – Flag of Cantabria Spain
1982 – Flag of the Canary Islands Spain The flag of the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands is a vertical tricolour of three equal bands of white, blue, and yellow. The state flag includes the Coat of arms of the Canary Islands in the central band; the civil flag omits this. The designs were made official by the Statute of Autonomy of the Canarian Autonomous Community (Organic Law 10/82) on 16 August 1982.
1982 – Flag of Castile-La Mancha Spain
1983 – Flag of Castile and León Spain Coats of arms of the Kingdom of León (purple lion on silver) and the Kingdom of Castile (golden castle on red).
December 18, 1979 – Flag of Catalonia Spain The flag of Catalonia consists four red bars on top of a yellow background. One popular (and unproven) legend mentions this flag originating with the streaking of 4 blood-stained fingers across a plain shield. This was also the shield of the Crown of Aragon.
1992 – Flag of Chuvashia Russia The flag of Chuvashia consists of a stylized tree of life, a symbol of rebirth, with the three suns, a traditional emblem popular in Chuvash art.
1999 – Flag of Crimea Ukraine
16C – Flag of England United Kingdom England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. The St George's Cross is the official national flag.
1983 – Flag of Extremadura Spain
1973 – Flag of Flanders Belgium Flanders is a Dutch-speaking ethnic region in the northern half of Belgium.
100px 2001 – Flag of Friuli-Venezia Giulia Italy
19th century (official from 1984) – Flag of Galicia Spain The flag of Galicia appeared for the first time in the 19th century, probably based on the colours of the ancient medieval flags of the Kingdom of Galicia. Originally, the flag was a blue St Andrew's Cross over a white field – St Andrew is one of the most popular saints in Galicia. The coat of arms of Galicia was the former flag of the Kingdom of Galicia. Colors blue, white and gold were always related with Galicia. The chalice and the golden crosses on blue background have been its symbol since medieval times (13th century). For some time it was thought that it was based on the flag of the maritime province of Corunna, but today it is known that the design is earlier.
1964 – Flag of Gozo Malta Symbolises the islands nickname 'The Island of the Three Hills', and also the fact that it is surrounded by sea.
1993 – Flag of Kalmykia Russia On the Flag of Kalmykia, the yellow stands for the sun, the people and the religious faith of the nation. The blue represents the sky, eternity, and steadiness. The lotus is a symbol of purity, spiritual rebirth and happiness. Its five upper petals represent the continents and the lower four stand for the quarters of the globe. Together, they symbolize the will of the Kalmyks to live in friendship and to cooperate with all the nations of the world.
1993 – Flag of Karelia Russia The national flag of the Republic of Karelia is a rectangle with equal horizontal stripes: the upper stripe is red, the middle one is blue and the lower is green.
1997 – Flag of the Komi Republic Russia The flag is a horizontal tricolour composed of three bars of, from top to bottom, medium blue, green, and white. Together, they represent Komi's natural wealth. The blue represents the splendour and spaciousness of the northern sky. The green represents nature, its bounty, and the taiga. The white represents the color of snow, the purity of nature in the north, simplicity, and austerity, as well as Komi being a country in the north. According to a different interpretation, the white represents the equality and unity of the people and cultures living in Komi.
1982 – Flag of La Rioja Spain
1997 – Flag of Liguria Italy
1978 – Flag of Madeira Portugal The design consists of a blue-gold-blue vertical triband with a red-bordered white Cross of Christ in the centre. The flag presents striking similarities with the flag of the now deceased Madeira Archipelago Liberation Front.
1983 – Flag of Madrid Spain The seven stars represent the stars of the constellation Ursa Minor. They're five-pointed because they represent the five Spanish provinces which surround the Community of Madrid.
1995 – Flag of Marche Italy
2011 – Flag of Mari El Russia
1982 – Flag of the Region of Murcia Spain
1900s – Flag of Mount Athos Greece The flag of Mount Athos, adopted in 1900s, is a yellow banner bearing the double-headed eagle of the Byzantine Empire.
1995 – Flag of Mordovia Russia
1982 – Flag of Navarre Spain
1995 – Flag of Piedmont Italy
1999 – Flag of Sardinia Italy
1902 (?) – Flag of Scania Sweden
14C – Flag of Scotland United Kingdom Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. The 'Saltire' is the official national flag.
1990 – Flag of Sicily Italy The current flag was adopted July 28, 1990 under regional law N. 2, Art. 12. The law was later updated in 1998. It was not until January 1, 2000, under regional law N. 1, that the flag was adopted as the official symbol of Sicily, including legislation mandating public display of the flag at all Sicilian public buildings. The flag, officially used by the ancient Kingdom of Sicily, has existed in various forms since 1282.

The flag is rectangular in form and is characterised by the presence of the Trinacria (triskelion) in the centre. It features a softened image of the winged-head of Medusa and three ears of wheat (replacing snakeheads) representing the island's fertility. The three bent legs represent the island's three capes or points, while in mythology it is said to represent good luck and prosperity. The background of the flag is divided by a diagonal from left to right, and is coloured gold (lower left) and red-orange (upper right). The colours represent the cities of Palermo and Corleone, respectively, the first two to found a confederation against the Angevin rule.

1991 – Flag of Tatarstan Russia
1983 – Flag of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Italy
1995 – Flag of Tuscany Italy
1983 – Flag of Udmurtia Russia The cross/star symbol represents the solar sign, a protective symbol that according to folklore protects man from misfortunes.
2003 – Flag of Umbria Italy
1982– Flag of the Valencian Community Spain
1999 – Flag of Veneto Italy
9C – Flag of Wales United Kingdom Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. The Red Dragon (Welsh: Y Ddraig Goch) is the official national flag. The Welsh dragon has ancient origins, but was first officially flown in the modern era in 1959.
1991 – Flag of Wallonia Belgium Wallonia is a mostly French-speaking ethnic region comprising the southern half of Belgium.

Flags of European dependencies

Flag Date Use Part of Description
1993 – Flag of Alderney British Crown The flag of Alderney is a St. George's Cross defaced with the Coat of arms of Alderney.
1954 – Flag of Åland Finland The flag was officially adopted 3 April 1954. As of 1992, it serves as the civil and state flag and ensign.

This traditional Scandinavian Cross flag features blue, yellow, and red, all said to be borrowed from the national colours of Sweden and Finland.

1960 – Flag of Akrotiri and Dhekelia United Kingdom The flag of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, a British Overseas Territory comprising two Sovereign Base Areas is the Union flag.
1940 – Flag of Faroe Islands Denmark The flag of the Faroe Islands, called Merkið, was first used in 1919, was mandated by the British as the civil and state ensign in 1940, and became the official civil and state flag and ensign on 23 March 1948.

The flag uses Norwegian colours, commemorating the Faroes once being part of Norway.

1502 – Flag of Gibraltar British overseas territory The Gibraltar flag dates from 1502, as it's based on the original arms granted it by Spain. The red and white field is taken from the arms, and it is dominated by a red three-towered fortress, complete with a gold key.
1985 – Flag of Guernsey British Crown The flag of Guernsey, adopted in 1985, consists of the red cross of St. George with an additional gold cross within it. The change was prompted by confusion over Guernsey and England using the same flag. The gold cross represents Duke William of Normandy, who had such a cross on his flag in the Battle of Hastings, given to him by Pope Alexander II.
1953 – Flag of Herm British Crown The flag of Herm is a St George's Cross with the coat of arms of Herm in canton.
c13 – Flag of the Isle of Man British Crown The flag of the Isle of Man features a red field with a centred triskelion of three bent legs joined at a central point.
1980 – Flag of Jersey British Crown The flag of Jersey, adopted in June 1979, is white with a diagonal red cross, surmounted by a yellow Plantagenet crown, the badge of Jersey (a red shield holding the three leopards of Normandy in yellow). Prior to this, the flag was a plain red saltire on a white field.
1938 – Flag of Sark British Crown The flag of Sark features a St. George's Cross with the arms of the Duchy of Normandy in canton.

see also Gallery of flags based on British ensigns

Flags of other European sovereign entities

Flag Date Use Description
1130 – Sovereign Military Order of Malta The flag of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a red rectangular flag quartered by a white cross.
Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Republika Srpska.svg 1992 – Flag of Republika Srpska This is symbolic, Serbian three-color flag, red white and blue.

Disputed, partially recognised and unrecognised states

Flag Date Use Description
1992 – Flag of Abkhazia The flag of Abkhazia consists of seven green and white stripes with a red upper left canton bearing a white open right hand and seven white stars.
2008 – Flag of Kosovo Adopted by Kosovo on 17 February 2008 as it unilaterally proclaimed independence from Serbia.
1991 – Flag of Sandžak The flag was formed on May 11, 1991 when the Bosniak National Council was formed and a referendum for independence was organized. 99% of voters voted for independence, but the results weren't recognized.
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg 1984 – Flag of Northern Cyprus Adopted by the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (recognized only by Turkey and the Autonomous Republic of Nakhichevan) on 7 March 1984 following the Turkish invasion and the occupation of the northern part of the island in 1974.
1992 – Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh The flag of the Nagorno-Karabakh is based on the Flag of Armenia, and has a white pattern added.
1967 – Flag of Sealand The flag of the disputed micronation of Sealand.
1990 – Flag of South Ossetia The flag of the South Ossetia is a tricolour, the top stripe white, the middle stripe red and the bottom stripe yellow.
2000 – Flag of Transnistria The flag of Transnistria consists of three stripes (red-green-red).

See also

Lists of flags of European countries
Other pages about European flags


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