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Exposition Park (Pittsburgh)

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Title: Exposition Park (Pittsburgh)  
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Subject: Pittsburgh/On this day, Forbes Field, 1903 World Series, List of Pittsburgh Pirates Opening Day starting pitchers, Pittsburgh Pirates
Collection: Baseball Stadiums in Pennsylvania, Defunct College Baseball Venues in the United States, Defunct College Football Venues, Defunct Major League Baseball Venues, Demolished Sports Venues in Pennsylvania, Demolished Sports Venues in the United States, Federal League Venues, Pittsburgh Panthers Baseball Venues, Pittsburgh Panthers Football Venues, Pittsburgh Pirates Stadiums, Pittsburgh Rebels, Players' League Venues, Sports Venues Completed in 1890, Sports Venues in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States Baseball League Venues
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Exposition Park (Pittsburgh)

Exposition Park
Game 4 of the 1903 World Series at Exposition Park.
Location Allegheny City, Pa. (pre-1907)
Pittsburg, Pa. (1907-1911)
Pittsburgh, Pa. (1911-c.1915)
Capacity 16,000[1]
Field size Left and Right Field – 400 feet (122 m)
Center Field – 450 feet (137 m)
Surface Grass
Opened 1890
Closed circa. 1915
Allegheny (AA) (1882-1883)
Pittsburgh Burghers (PL) (1890)
Pittsburg Pirates (NL) (1891–1909)
Pittsburgh Filipinos (USBL) (1912)
Pittsburgh Stogies/Rebels (FL) (1913–1915)
Allegheny Athletic Association (1890-1896)
Duquesne Country & A.C. (1895-1900)
Western University of Pennsylvania (1904-1908)
Official name First World Series
Designated September 18, 1998[2]

Exposition Park was the name given to three historic stadiums, located in what is today, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The fields were used mainly for professional baseball and American football from circa 1879 to circa 1915. The ballparks were initially located on the north side of the Allegheny River in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania. The city which annexed into Pittsburg[3] in 1907, which became the city's North Side, located across from Pittsburgh's downtown area. Due to flooding from the nearby river, the three stadiums' exact locations varied somewhat. The final version of the ballpark was between the eventual sites of Three Rivers Stadium and PNC Park.

In 1903, the third incarnation of Exposition Park was the first National League ballpark to host a World Series game. The Western University of Pennsylvania (WUP)—known today as the University of Pittsburgh—played home football games at Exposition Park, and also used the park as a home field for the university's baseball team.[4]


  • History 1
    • Exposition Park I and II 1.1
    • Exposition Park III 1.2
    • Football 1.3
  • Today 2
  • References 3
  • Bibliography 4


Exposition Park I and II

Named for other "expositions" that would be shown there, including horse racing and circuses, Exposition Park I was the first venue in Pittsburgh that hosted baseball.[5] In 1882, the Pittsburgh Pirates—then known simply as Allegheny, or informally as "the Alleghenys"—began play at Exposition Park as a member of the American Association; however, after one season a fire and flooding of the field from the nearby River forced a second park to be built.[6] Despite its reason for construction Exposition Park II was built closer to the River. The Alleghenys played at the second incarnation of the park until they moved to Recreation Park in 1884, which was several blocks north and out of the flood plain.[5]

Exposition Park III

Postcard ca. 1900 including Exposition Park

While the Pittsburg Pirates were playing home games at Recreation Park, owners John Beemer and M. B. Lennon of the Pittsburgh Burghers constructed a baseball park near the former site of Exposition Park I and II,[7] which was approximately two blocks west of where PNC Park sits today. Exposition Park III included a roofed wooden grandstand around the infield, and open bleacher sections extending to the right and left field corners. Total capacity was about 10,000 spectators. The seats faced the Allegheny River and the Point.[6]

A view of Exposition Park III in 1905. Exposition Hall and its rollercoaster can also be seen in the foreground

The Burghers played at the stadium during the 1890 Players' League season— both the team and league's only season in existence.[8] On June 10, 1890, Jocko Fields of the Pittsburgh Burghers hit the first home run at Exposition Park III.

The Pittsburg Pirates moved to Exposition Park the following season. On April 24, 1891, first World Series held three games in Boston before moving to Exposition Park with the Pirates leading the series 2–1.[9] On October 6, 1903, 7,600 people attended the first World Series game in a National League stadium—the Pirates won by one run. The following day 12,000 people attended the game, forcing some spectators to stand behind a rope in the outfield.[6] The Pirates lost three of four games at Exposition Park and eventually the Series.

During a July 4, 1902 doubleheader against the Brooklyn Superbas, an Allegheny flood caused water to rise to thigh level in center and right fields, and about head level in deep center. Players occasionally caught a ball and dove under the water. The Pirates won both games of the doubleheader.[10] Ham Hyatt is believed to be the only person to hit a ball over the right field fence.[7] Monument Hill, which overlooked the field, allowed spectators a free view of the game

The Pirates — 1901–1903

In 1906, the Pirates were the first baseball team to cover their field with a tarp during inclement weather, and though the field was kept dry from the rain, the Allegheny River still caused problems.[11] Flooding sometimes covered the entire outfield with inches of standing water, causing ground rules that gave any ground ball hit into the outfield an automatic single. In 1907, Pittsburg's pitcher Nick Maddox threw a no-hitter at Exposition Park.

Baseball game, 1904

In 1908, due to the large amounts of people that attended Pirates games, team owner Barney Dreyfuss began looking for a location to construct a new Pirates stadium. The final Pirates game at Exposition Park was played against the Chicago Cubs on June 24, 1909. The Pirates won the game 8–1 in front of 5,545 people,[12] with

Preceded by
Recreation Park
Home of the Pittsburg Pirates
Succeeded by
Forbes Field
Preceded by
Recreation Park
Home of the Pittsburgh Panthers
circa. 1900–circa. 1908
Succeeded by
Forbes Field

  • Finoli, David; Ranier, Bill (2003). The Pittsburgh Pirates Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC.  


  1. ^ "Ballparks: 1887 - Present", Pirates Ballparks (, retrieved 1 January 2009 
  2. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers Search" (Searchable database). Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2015-06-18. 
  3. ^ In 1891 the United States Board on Geographic Names forced the city of Pittsburgh to undergo a controversial name change by having them drop the "h" at the end of the name, making the team's official name the "Pittsburg Pirates" from the adoption of the Pirates nickname until Pittsburgh was able to get the "h" restored to its name in 1911.
  4. ^ The Owl, Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh, 1911, p. 205, retrieved 2010-05-20 
  5. ^ a b Finoli & Ranier 2003, p. 485
  6. ^ a b c d Exposition Park,  
  7. ^ a b c d Finoli & Ranier 2003, pp. 486–7
  8. ^ "Pittsburgh Burghers History & Encyclopedia", (Sports Reference, LLC), retrieved 31 December 2008 
  9. ^ "1903 World Series", (, retrieved 1 January 2009 
  10. ^ Lowry, Philip (2006), Green Cathedrals, Walker & Company, p. 184,  
  11. ^ "Top 5 Sports Stories". Huffington Post. 6 May 2010. 
  12. ^ Potter, Chris (12 June 2008), Was there a baseball field that the Pittsburgh Pirates played in before Forbes Field in Oakland?,  
  13. ^ Sciullo, Jr., Sam (2008), University of Pittsburgh Football Vault: The History of the Panthers, Atlanta, GA: Whitman Publishing, LLC, p. 8,  
  14. ^ Western University of Pennsylvania, "Athletics", Western University courant 16 (2): 46, retrieved 2008-08-08 
  15. ^ Alberts, Robert C. (1986), Pitt :the story of the University of Pittsburgh, 1787-1987, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: University of Pittsburgh Press, pp. 64–5 
  16. ^ Sciullo, Jr., Sam (2008), University of Pittsburgh Football Vault: The History of the Panthers, Atlanta, GA: Whitman Publishing, LLC, p. 13,  


In 1995, members of the Society for American Baseball Research placed a plaque where home plate is believed to have been located, in honor of one of the two sites of the first World Series (the other being in Boston). In 1998, a Pennsylvania Historical marker was placed at the site of the park.[6] Interstate 279 currently runs over portions of the site of Exposition Park just before crossing the Allegheny River along the Fort Duquesne Bridge.

After parts of 62 seasons in the Oakland district, baseball and football returned to the north side of the Allegheny River when Three Rivers Stadium opened. The site of the final incarnation of Exposition Park, relative to Three Rivers and the later PNC Park, was in between the two venues. Exposition Park had been on the southwest corner of South Avenue (later Robinson) to the north (first base) and School Street (later Scotland) to the east (third base). To the south (left field) was some open space and railroad tracks and the Allegheny. To the west (right field) was some open space and then Grant Street (later Galveston). That open space would eventually be the site of Three Rivers. Therefore the site of Exposition Park was the northeast corner of the parking lot east of Three Rivers.


[16] Prior to the 1903 season, [14] The WUP football team began playing games more regularly at Exposition Park around 1900, occasionally playing in other local venues.[13] The WUP team was subsequently defeated 38-0.

WUP football game — 1908

The Western University of Pennsylvania (WUP), which would later be known as the University of Pittsburgh, played its first official game at Exposition Park on October 11, 1890 when Shadyside Academy failed to show up for their game with the Allegheny Athletic Association. The Allegheny A.A. made a call to WUP team founder Bert Smyers to bring the WUP team to the park as a replacement.


The Pittsburgh Filipinos called Exposition Park their home in 1912. The Filipinos lasted just over a month after folding with the United States Baseball League. In 1914, the Pittsburgh Stogies began play at Exposition Park. In 1915, the team, renamed the Pittsburgh Rebels, despite improving from the previous season, disbanded due to financial loss with the entire Federal League. Exposition Park continued to host Semi-professional baseball games, as well as other events, but "was eventually razed".[7]

. Forbes FieldThe very next day, the Pirates once again played the Cubs as the team opened [7]

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