World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment

Article Id: WHEBN0000709629
Reproduction Date:

Title: Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Todd Zywicki, Environmental economics, Sustainable development
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment

The Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment (FREE), based in Bozeman, Montana, is an American think-tank that promotes free-market environmentalism. FREE emphasizes reliance on market mechanisms and private property rights, rather than on environmental regulation, for protection of the environment. Its chairperson, John Baden, a past member of the National Petroleum Council, stresses decentralization: a shift of control from what he calls "Green platonic despots" in the federal government to "local interests".[1] Citing conservation efforts such as those involving the Rocky Mountain Elk, Pheasants Forever, and Trout Unlimited, Baden asserts that the ideas FREE promotes have become "the norm among progressive, intellectually honest and successful environmentalists".[2]

One of FREE's current projects is the "Charter Forest" project,[3] in which control of Bush administration, but has yet to be put into effect.

Since 1992, FREE has offered expense-paid seminars in its philosophy to federal judges.[4] These seminars, held primarily at resorts and private ranches in Montana, with good access to recreational activities such as trout streams and golf courses, have included such topics as "Environmental Protection: The Role of Community-Based Solutions to Environmental Problems", "The Environment: A CEO's Perspective",[5] and "Liberty and the Environment: A Case for Judicial Activism". In the late 1990s, FREE says that nearly a third of the federal judiciary had either attended or were seeking to attend its seminars. The group also offers expense-paid courses for university faculty and students, these reportedly taught on the campus of Montana State University.

Between August 14 and 19, 2004, FREE hosted the 2004 general meeting of the Mont Pèlerin Society at the Grand America Hotel in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Among the members of FREE's Board of Directors is George M. Gray, the executive director of the Harvard Centre for Risk Analysis.


According to FREE's website, in 2005 funding of $10,000 or more came from the following foundations:

as well as from the following corporations:

  • ExxonMobil
  • GE Fund
  • John Deere & Co.
  • Port Blakely Tree Farms
  • Tindley Corp.


  1. ^ More environmental Gore, John Baden, April 26, 1999
  2. ^ What was once radical now becoming mainstream, John Baden, May 9, 2001, originally published in the Bozeman Daily Chronicle.
  3. ^ Charter Forest
  4. ^ A Conference Series for Federal Judges, State Supreme Court Justices, & Law Professors, FREE's website.
  5. ^ The Environment: A CEO's perspective, FREE website, 1996


  • This article uses material from the Disinfopedia article on Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment.
  • Official website of the Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment.
  • Funding information, accessed January 2004.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.