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German submarine U-383

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German submarine U-383

Template:Service record
Career
Name: U-383
Ordered: 15 August 1940
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Yard number: 14
Laid down: 29 March 1941
Launched: 22 April 1942
Commissioned: 6 June 1942
Fate: Sunk, 1 August 1943[1]
Badge:
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke M6V 40/46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (20.4 mph; 32.8 km/h) surfaced
7.6 knots (8.7 mph; 14.1 km/h) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: • 5 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
• 14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
• 1 × C35 88mm gun/L45 deck gun (220 rounds)
• Various AA guns

German submarine U-383 was a Type VIIC U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 29 March 1941 at the Howaldtswerke yard at Kiel, launched on 22 April 1942, and commissioned on 6 June under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Horst Kremser.[2]

Service history

U-383 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla for training, and then operationally with the 9th flotilla from 1 October 1942 to 1 August 1943.[2] She completed four patrols in that time, sinking only one ship, the 423 gross register tons (GRT) Icelandic trawler Jon Olafsson on 24 October 1942,[3] during her first patrol.[4]

On the evening of 1 August 1943 U-383 was attacked west of Brittany, at position 47°24′N 12°10′W / 47.400°N 12.167°W / 47.400; -12.167Coordinates: 47°24′N 12°10′W / 47.400°N 12.167°W / 47.400; -12.167, by a Short Sunderland of No. 228 Squadron RAF. Responding with flak, the U-boat holed the fuselage and shot away the starboard float and aileron of the aircraft, which pressed home its attack and straddled the U-boat with depth charges before heading back to base. Kremser radioed for assistance, and though three U-boats and three torpedo boats searched during the night and the next day, they failed to locate the crippled U-383 and she was presumed lost.[2]

References

Notes
Bibliography
  • at uboat.net
  • at ubootwaffe.net
  • Bishop, C. Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. Amber Books, 2006.

See also

  • List of German U-boats


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