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Grail (web browser)


Grail (web browser)

Grail (web browser)
Grail 0.6 running under Python 2.7 on Linux
Original author(s) Guido van Rossum[1][2]
Developer(s) Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI), Reston, Virginia.
Initial release August 1995 (1995-08)
Last release 0.6 / 1 April 1999 (1999-04-01)
Written in Python programming language
Operating system multi-platform
Type web browser
License Grail source license
Website .net.sourceforgegrail

Grail was a free extensible multi-platform web browser written in the Python programming language. The project was started in August 1995, with its first public release in November of that year.[3] The 0.3 beta contained over 27,000 lines of Python.[3] The last official release was version 0.6 in 1999.

One of the major distinguishing features of Grail was the ability to run client-side Python code, in much the same way as mainstream browsers run client-side JavaScript code.[4][5]


  1. ^ Scripting the Web with Python, I wrote Grail version 0.1 in less than two weeks, as a sort of demo; it consisted of under 2000 lines in 14 source files. It was released in August 1995., Guido van Rossum
  2. ^ In the beginning there was the Grail,(Page 519), Programming Python, By Mark Lutz, O'Reilly Media, Inc., 2001
  3. ^ a b Grail - The Browser For The Rest Of Us (DRAFT)
  4. ^ 18.5.1. A Simple Grail Applet Example, Thinking about Programming Python, 3rd Edition - Advanced Internet Topics - Grail A Python Based Web Browser, CodeIdol
  5. ^ Adaptive Applications in Mobile Environments, Chapter 5.2 Grail architecture (Page:47), Honours-thesis By Karen Henricksen. / Supervisor: Dr Jadwiga Indulska / October 15, 1999

External links

  • Grail (ported to Python 2.7) on GitHub
  • Overview of Grail by Guido van Rossum
  • Grail 0.6 page at SourceForge (last updated 1999)
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