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HC CSKA Moscow

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HC CSKA Moscow

CSKA Moscow
ЦСКА Москва
Full name

HC CSKA Moscow 1960–present

  • CSK MO 1955–1959
  • CDSA 1952–1954
  • CDKA 1946–1951
Nickname(s) Red Army, Central Red Army
Founded 22 December 1946 (1946-12-22)
as CDKA
Based in Moscow
Arena CSKA Ice Palace
(capacity: 5,600)
League

KHL 2008–present

Division Bobrov
Conference Western
Team colors               
Owner(s) Rosneft
GM Sergei Fedorov
Head coach Dmitri Kvartalnov
Captain Denis Denisov
Affiliates THC Tver (VHL)
Krasnaya Armiya (MHL)
Website www.cska-hockey.ru
Departments of CSKA Moscow
Football (Men's) Basketball (Men's) basketball (Women's)
Futsal (Men's) Volleyball Ice Hockey
Handball Beach soccer Bandy

HC CSKA Moscow (Russian: ЦСКА Москва. Центральный Спортивный Клуб Армии, Central Sports Club of the Army, Moscow) is a Russian ice hockey club that plays in the Kontinental Hockey League. It is referred to in the West as "Central Red Army" or the "Red Army Team" for its past affiliation with the Soviet Army, popularly known as the Red Army. HC CSKA Moscow won more Soviet championships and European cups than any other team in history. It is owned by Russia's largest oil company, Rosneft, which is in turn majority-owned by the Russian government.

History

The club was founded in 1946 as CDKA (Centralnyy Dom Krasnoy Armii – Central House of the Red Army, referring to the Army community centre in Moscow). It was known as CDSA (with Red Army changed to Soviet Army) in 1952 – 1954, as CSK MO (Central Sports Club of the Moscow Military District) in 1955 – 1959, and acquired its current name in 1960.

As a hockey powerhouse

CSKA won 32 Soviet regular season championships during the Soviet League's 46-year existence, far and away the most in the league's history; no other team won more than five. This included all but six from 1955 to 1989 and 13 in a row from 1977 to 1989. By comparison, no NHL team has won more than five Stanley Cups in a row since the NHL took de facto control of the trophy in 1926.

CSKA was almost as dominant in the European Cup. They won all but two titles from 1969 to 1990, including 13 in a row from 1978 to 1990. The team's first coach was Anatoli Tarasov, who would later become famous as the coach of the Soviet national team. Tarasov coached the Red Army Team, either alone or with co-coaches, for most of the time from 1946 to 1975. The team's greatest run came under Viktor Tikhonov, who was coach from 1977 to 1996—serving for most of that time as coach of the national team.

The Red Army Team was able to pull off such a long run of dominance because during the Soviet era, the entire CSKA organization was a functioning division of the Red Army. Taking full advantage of the fact that all able-bodied Soviet males had to serve in the military, it was literally able to draft the best young hockey players in the Soviet Union onto the team. There was a substantial overlap between the rosters of the Red Army Team and the Soviet national team, which was one factor behind the Soviets' near-absolute dominance of international hockey from the 1950s through the early 1990s. By the late 1980s, however, the long run of Red Army dominance caused a significant dropoff in attendance throughout the league.[1]

One of the most feared lines in hockey history was the KLM Line of the 1980s. The name came from the last names of the three players, Vladimir Krutov, Igor Larionov, and Sergei Makarov. Together with defensemen Viacheslav Fetisov and Alexei Kasatonov, they were known as the Green Unit because they wore green jerseys in practice. The five-man unit formed a dominant force in European hockey throughout the decade. All five players were later permitted to go to the NHL in 1989, with mixed results. Krutov had the shortest NHL career, lasting only one season in Vancouver; Makarov (who won the Calder Trophy in 1990) and Kasatonov were out of the NHL by 1997; Fetisov and Larionov won the Stanley Cup twice together with Detroit before Fetisov retired in 1998; Larionov would win a third Cup with Detroit in 2002, before retiring from New Jersey in 2004.

Not surprisingly, discipline was quite strict, especially under Tikhonov. His players practiced for as many as 11 months a year, and were confined to training camp (an Army barracks) most of that time even if they were married. However, he mellowed somewhat after the collapse of the Soviet Union.[1]

At the IIHF Centennial All-Star Team, out of 6 players selected 4 players once played at CSKA Moscow.

CSKA and the NHL

CSKA played 36 games against NHL teams from 1975 to 1991 and finished with a record of 26 wins, 8 losses, and 2 ties. 34 of these games were played in Super Series, including the tour of North America in 1975/1976. The Super Series also introduced eventual Hockey Hall of Fame goaltender Vladislav Tretiak of the CSKA squad to North American ice hockey fans. On New Year's Eve 1975, CSKA played the Montreal Canadiens, widely regarded as the league's finest team (and that year's eventual Stanley Cup winners). The game ended with a 3–3 draw, but was widely hailed as one of the greatest games ever played.

Another memorable game was played on 11 January 1976 against the Philadelphia Flyers, who at the time were the defending Stanley Cup Champions and were known as the "Broad Street Bullies" for their highly physical play. The game was notable for an incident where, after a body check delivered by Philadelphia's Ed Van Impe, the CSKA's top player, Valeri Kharlamov (like Tretiak eventually a Hall of Famer), was left prone on the ice for a minute. CSKA coach Konstantin Loktev pulled his team off the ice in protest that no penalty was called. They were told by NHL president Clarence Campbell to return to the ice and finish the game, which was being broadcast to an international audience, or the Soviet Hockey Federation would not get paid the fee that they were entitled to. They eventually complied and lost the game 4–1.

CSKA Moscow alumni have made a large impact on the NHL; perhaps the largest impact came with the Detroit Red Wings of the mid-1990s. Sergei Fedorov, Vladimir Konstantinov, and Vyacheslav Kozlov had established themselves as key members of the Wings when they were joined by Fetisov and Larionov, forming the Russian Five. These five players would play an integral role in the Wings' consecutive Stanley Cup championships in 1997 and 1998. Dmitri Mironov joined the 1998 squad, following Konstantinov's career-ending injury on 13 June 1997; since Konstantinov was kept on the roster despite his injury, the 1998 squad marks the largest contingent of CSKA veterans (six) to win the Stanley Cup.

Post-Soviet history

During the late '80s and early '90s CSKA positions significantly weakened. After a conflict with Tikhonov CSKA major stars including Fetisov, Larionov, Krutov and Kasatonov left the team to make their careers in the NHL. During the 90s they were followed by younger talents like Bure, Fedorov and Samsonov. As For a time in the late 1990s and early 2000s, it was briefly unofficially known as "the Russian Penguins" after the Pittsburgh Penguins bought an interest in the team.[1] In 1996 after a conflict with management of the club Viktor Tikhonov created his own separate team called HK CSKA that spent two seasons in the Russian Superleague and eventually reunited with the original CSKA in 2002.

Although CSKA has remained one of the strongest teams in Russia since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it has yet to win a regular season title in the KHL or its predecessors. It has never gotten past the conference semifinals of the Gagarin Cup playoffs since the formation of the KHL, and missed the playoffs altogether in 2011. NHL scouts now sign most of the top young prospects in Europe and send them to minor leagues in North America.

Honors

Champions

1st Soviet League Championship (32): 1948, 1949, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989
1st USSR Cup (12): 1955, 1956, 1961, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1979, 1988
1st IIHF European Champions Cup (20): 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990
1st Spengler Cup (1): 1991
1st Pajulahti Cup (1): 2005

Runners-up

2nd Soviet League Championship (11): 1947, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1957, 1967, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1990, 1992
3rd Soviet League Championship (1): 1962
2nd USSR Cup (2): 1953, 1976

Season-by-season KHL record

Note: GP = Games played; W = Wins; L = Losses; OTL = Overtime losses; Pts = Points; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against

Season GP W L OTL Pts GF GA Finish Top Scorer Playoffs
2008–09 56 27 11 4 106 176 141 1st, Tarasov Sergei Shirokov (40 points: 17 G, 23 A; 52 GP) Lost in Quarterfinals, 0–3 (Dynamo Moscow)
2009–10 56 22 21 1 87 148 135 4th, Bobrov Denis Parshin (43 points: 21 G, 22 A; 56 GP) Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 3–0 (HC MVD)
2010–11 54 13 28 2 59 136 169 5th, Bobrov Jan Marek (38 points: 14 G, 24 A; 46 GP) Did not qualify
2011–12 54 19 25 0 70 119 129 4th, Bobrov Sergei Shirokov (47 points: 18 G, 29 A; 53 GP) Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 4–1 (SKA Saint Petersburg)
2012–13 52 23 15 0 96 151 109 1st, Tarasov Alexander Radulov (68 points: 22 G, 46 A; 48 GP) Lost in Conference Semifinals, 1–4 (Dynamo Moscow)

Players

Current roster

Updated November 11, 2014.[2][3]
# Nat Player Pos S/G Age Acquired Birthplace
11 Andronov, SergeiSergei Andronov RW L 25 2014 Penza, Russian SFSR
44 Artyukhin, EvgenyEvgeny Artyukhin (A) W L 31 2014 Moscow, Russian SFSR
41 Billins, ChadChad Billins D L 25 2014 Marysville, Michigan, USA
9 Bondarev, AlexeiAlexei Bondarev D L 32 2014 Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakh SSR
77 Da Costa, StéphaneStéphane Da Costa RW R 25 2014 Paris, France
6 Denisov, DenisDenis Denisov (C) D L 33 2012 Kharkov, Ukrainian SSR
10 Eager, BenBen Eager LW L 31 2014 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
40 Galimov, StanislavStanislav Galimov G L 27 2014 Magnitogorsk, Russian SFSR
27 Grigorenko, IgorIgor Grigorenko RW L 31 2012 Togliatti, Russian SFSR
59 Hjalmarsson, SimonSimon Hjalmarsson LW L 26 2014 Varnamo, Sweden
55 Kiselevich, BogdanBogdan Kiselevich D L 24 2014 Cherepovets, Russian SFSR
8 Korotkov, EvgenyEvgeny Korotkov Injured Reserve C L 27 2014 Moscow, Russian SFSR
80 Kvartalnov, NikitaNikita Kvartalnov F L 20 2014 Boston, Massachusetts, USA
35 Lalande, KevinKevin Lalande G L 27 2014 Kingston, Ontario, Canada
13 Lyubimov, RomanRoman Lyubimov LW L 22 2009 Tver, Russia
78 Mamin, MaximMaxim Mamin LW L 20 2014 Moscow, Russia
15 Misharin, GeorgiGeorgi Misharin D L 29 2013 Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR
39 Mursak, JanJan Mursak RW R 27 2014 Maribor, SR Slovenia
38 Naumenkov, MikhailMikhail Naumenkov D L 21 2014 Moscow, Russia
57 Panin, GrigoriGrigori Panin D L 29 2014 Karaganda, Kazakh SSR
74 Prokhorkin, NikolaiNikolai Prokhorkin W L 21 2010 Chelyabinsk, Russia
47 Radulov, AlexanderAlexander Radulov (A) RW L 28 2012 Nizhny Tagil, Russian SFSR
23 Stas, AndreiAndrei Stas C L 26 2014 Minsk, Belorussian SSR
7 Telegin, IvanIvan Telegin W L 22 2014 Novokuznetsk, Russia
61 Volkov, IgorIgor Volkov LW L 32 2014 Ufa, Russian SFSR
75 Yegorshev, StanislavStanislav Yegorshev D R 27 2013 Cherepovets, Russian SFSR
22 Zaitsev, NikitaNikita Zaitsev D R 23 2013 Moscow, Russian SFSR
18 Zhafyarov, DamirDamir Zhafyarov LW L 20 2014 Moscow, Russia
25 Zharkov, VladimirVladimir Zharkov RW L 27 2012 Elektrostal, Russian SFSR


Retired numbers

The CSKA have retired four numbers, in their history.

CSKA Moscow retired numbers
No Player Position Career
2 Viacheslav Fetisov D 1978–89, 2009
17 Valeri Kharlamov LW 1967–81
20 Vladislav Tretiak G 1968–84
24 Sergei Makarov RW 1978–89

Hall-of-Famers

Players

Builders

IIHF Hall-of-Famers

Players

Builders

Triple Gold Club

Players

First round draft picks

  • 2009: Mikhail Pashnin (1st overall)
  • 2010: none
  • 2011: Alexander Timirev (3rd overall), Mikhail Grigorenko (8th overall)
  • 2012: Nikita Zadorov (4th overall), Vladislav Boiko (6th overall), Andrei Filonenko (18th overall), Sergei Tolchinsky (28th overall)
  • 2013: Maxim Tretiak (12th overall), Ivan Nikolishin (29th overall)

List of CSKA players selected in the NHL Amateur Draft

List of CSKA players selected in the NHL Entry Draft

Stanley Cup Winners

Players

Builders

Note: Only counts if the players or builders has played in the CSKA before NHL.

Olympic Champions

Players

Builders

Canada Cup Winners

Players

Builders

NHL Awards

Lady Byng Memorial Trophy

Calder Memorial Trophy

Ted Lindsay Award

Frank J. Selke Trophy

NHL Plus-Minus Award

Maurice "Rocket" Richard Troph

Note: Only counts if the players or builders has played in the CSKA before NHL.

All-Star game

NHL All-Star Game

Players

Note: Only counts if the players or builders has played in the CSKA before NHL.

KHL All-Star Game

Players

Builders

Head coaches

Franchise scoring leaders

These are the top-ten-point-scorers in franchise history. Figures are updated after each completed Soviet/CIS/IHL/RUS 2/RSL/KHL regular season.

Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game

Awards and trophies

Soviet / Russian MVP

Scoring Champion

Goal Scoring Champion

Soviet / Russian League First Team

Best Line

Best Rookie

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Merron, Jeff (14 February 2002). "Russians regroup on other side of the red line". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  2. ^ "Team Roster / CSKA" (in Russian). cska-hockey.ru. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  3. ^ "CSKA Moscow roster". www.khl.ru. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 

External links

  • (Russian) HC CSKA team website
  • Official Youtube channel
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