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HIV/AIDS in Niger

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HIV/AIDS in Niger

Infection rates of HIV/AIDS in Niger are estimated to be under 1%, low in relation to most of Africa and much of the world.

Prevalence

2007 estimates put the number of HIV positive Nigeriens at 60,000 or 0.8% of total population, with 4,000 deaths in that year.[1] United Nations estimates in 2008 gave similar figures, giving Niger one of the lowest infection rates on the continent.[2]

Collected 2008 estimates ranged from 44000 to 85000 people living with HIV in a nation of around 14 million, with and adult (aged 15 to 49) prevalence rate of between 0.6% and 1.1%. Adults aged 15 and up living with HIV were estimated to range from 42 000 to 81 000, with women of this age range making up about a third (12 000 to 26 000). Estimates of children (under 14) living with HIV were between 2500 and 4200. Total deaths were estimated at 3000 to 5600. Aids orphans (under 17) were estimated at between 18000 and 39000.[2]

The government of Niger has coordinated educational campaigns around sexual activity and condom use to stem HIV infection. Condom use remains low by international standards.[3]

Vulnerability to HIV

A 2001 study found that Vulnerability to HIV infection is potentially high among a study group in the capital, Niamey. Infection via sharing personal objects was the most cited vector of HIV transmission, and that little association amongst respondents was made between HIV and sexual activity. Men were less likely than women to recognize the use of condoms as a preventive measure, or that unprotected sex is a risk factor for infection. While 97% knew what a condom was, only 31% reported ever used a condom, 51% among those self-identified as sexually active. Of the sexually active in the survey, only 57% reported using a condom during their last sexual contact. 60% of those interviewed reported themselves to be sexually active, and the vast majority reported being in a monogamous relationships and perceived a low HIV-risk.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ CIA World Factbook, 2009 update, 2007 estimate figures.
  2. ^ a b UNAIDS country overview. Accessed 2009-02-20.
  3. ^ Country situation analysis:Niger. UN Aids Agency (January 2008).
  4. ^ U.S. National Institutes of Health abstract: HIV/AIDS behavioral study in Niger. Chappell C, Didier-Blanchard D, Borwankar R, Thomas L, Hanafi H, Sani M, Vondrasek C; International Conference on AIDS. Int Conf AIDS. 2002 Jul 7-12; 14: abstract no. WePeD6378. AED, Washington, DC, United States
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