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Health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Title: Health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo  
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Subject: Demographics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Health in Angola, Health in Liberia, Health in the Republic of the Congo
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Health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Health problems have been a long standing issue limiting development in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo).

Contents

  • Health infrastructure 1
  • Health status 2
    • Life expectancy 2.1
    • Endemic diseases 2.2
    • HIV/AIDS 2.3
    • Disease outbreaks 2.4
    • River blindness 2.5
    • Maternal and child healthcare 2.6
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Health infrastructure

Medical facilities are severely limited, and medical materials are in short supply. An adequate supply of prescription or over-the-counter drugs in local stores or pharmacies is also generally not available. Payment for any medical services is expected in cash in the DR Congo, in advance of treatment.

Health status

Life expectancy

The 2014 CIA estimated average life expectancy in the DR Congo was 56.54 years.[1]

Endemic diseases

Endemic diseases include malaria and yellow fever, Many other insect-borne illnesses are present as well.

HIV/AIDS

HIV/Aids is the most serious health problem in the DR Congo due to the incurable nature of the disease. By the end of 2003, UNAIDS estimated that 1.1 million people were living with HIV/AIDS, for an overall adult HIV prevalence of 4.2%. Life expectancy in the DR Congo dropped 9% in the 1990s as a result of HIV/AIDS.

According to UNAIDS, several factors fuel the spread of HIV in the DR Congo, including the movement of large numbers of refugees and soldiers, scarcity and high cost of safe blood transfusions in rural areas, a lack of counseling, few HIV testing sites, high levels of untreated sexually transmitted infections among sex workers and their clients, and low availability of condoms outside Kinshasa and one or two provincial capitals.

With an eventual end of hostilities and a government in transition, population movements associated with increased stability and economic revitalization will exacerbate the spread of HIV, which is now localized in areas most directly affected by the presence of troops and war-displaced populations. Consecutive wars have made it nearly impossible to conduct effective and sustainable HIV/AIDS prevention activities.

Disease outbreaks

There have been outbreaks of the Ebola virus, hemorrhagic fever, polio, cholera, and typhoid. Tuberculosis is an increasingly serious health concern in the DR Congo.

River blindness

People are at risk of onchocerciasis (River blindness) in parts of the DR Congo.

Maternal and child healthcare

In June 2011, the United Nations Population Fund released a report on The State of the World's Midwifery. It contained new data on the midwifery workforce and policies relating to newborn and maternal mortality for 58 countries. The 2010 maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for Democratic Republic of the Congo is 670. This is compared with 533.6 in 2008 and 550 in 1990. The under 5 mortality rate, per 1,000 births is 199 and the neonatal mortality as a percentage of under 5's mortality is 26. The aim of this report is to highlight ways in which the Millennium Development Goals can be achieved, particularly Goal 4 – Reduce child mortality and Goal 5 – improve maternal death. In Democratic Republic of the Congo the number of midwives per 1,000 live births is 2 and the lifetime risk of death for pregnant women 1 in 24. [2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook Life Expectancy". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  2. ^ "The State Of The World's Midwifery". United Nations Population Fund. Retrieved August 2011. 

External links

  • World Health Organization (WHO) - Democratic Republic of Congo
  • The State of the World's Midwifery - D.R.Congo Country Profile
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