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Heinz London

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Heinz London

Heinz London
Born (1907-11-07)7 November 1907
Died 3 August 1970(1970-08-03) (aged 62) [1]
Institutions University of Bristol
University of Oxford
Clarendon Laboratory
Known for London equations[2]
Notable awards Fellow of the Royal Society (1961)[1]
Heinz London (Bonn, Germany 1907-1970) was a German Physicist.


After studying in different German universities, London fled to England in 1933 along with his brother Fritz London due to the Nazi racial laws.


London worked with his brother Fritz London on superconductivity, discovering the London equations[2] when working at the University of Oxford, in the Clarendon Laboratory.[3]

These equations gave a first explanation to the Meissner effect (and, so, to the properties of superconductors). He is known as well for being the inventor of the dilution refrigerator, a cryogenic device that uses liquid helium.

Honours and awards

London was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1961,[1] his nomination read


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