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Title: Hnyat-phanat  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Footwear, Burmese words and phrases, Sandals, Basic Education High School No. 1 Dagon, Burmese culture
Collection: Burmese Clothing, Burmese Culture, Burmese Words and Phrases, Sandals, Traditional Footwear
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



Hnyat-phanat (Burmese: ညှပ်ဖိနပ်; MLCTS: hnyap hpi. nap, IPA: ) is a Burmese traditional sandal, similar to flip-flops. Although it refers to almost any sandal worn by the people of Myanmar, it is mostly used to refer to the traditional Mandalay velvet slippers that originate in Upper Burma (Myanmar).

Hnyat-phanat literally means 'clip footwear', since the slipper is held in place by the clipping of the big and second toe.

Design and style

The slipper is very simple and is worn by almost everybody in Myanmar. It consists of a flat sole held loosely on the foot by a Y-shaped strap that passes between the first (big) and second toes and around either side of the foot. The main distinguishing feature of Burmese traditional sandals is the material.

The flat sole is plain with no patterns or designs. It is either coated with fine soft lacquer or velvet (ကတ္တီပါ gadiba), and the same goes for the Y strap. The colour is usually either brown or black for the lacquered ones, but can vary substantially for the velvet slippers. Velvet sandals are traditionally worn at formal occasions like weddings.

Burmese sandals do not have any grip or friction on the lower side of the sole, and are thus not suitable for use in wet conditions.

See also

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