World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Indonesian Australian


Indonesian Australian

Indonesian Australians
Total population
73,500 (2010, by country of birth)
50,000 (2011, by ancestry)
Majority of Christianity (59%),
Islam (17%), Atheism (13%) Buddhism (11%)
Related ethnic groups
Indonesians, overseas Indonesians, Cocos Malays

Indonesian Australians are Australian citizens and residents of Indonesian origin. In the 2011 Australian Census, around 50,000 Australian residents stated their ancestry to be Indonesian.[1] In the 2010 Australian Census, 73,500 stated they were Indonesian-born residents in Australia.[2]


  • Migration history 1
  • Religion 2
  • Notable people 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
    • Notes 5.1
    • Sources 5.2
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Migration history

The number of permanent settlers arriving in Australia from Indonesia since 1991 (monthly)
People born in Indonesia as a percentage of the population in Sydney by postal area.

As early as 1750, seamen from the Indonesian island of Makassar had settled on Australia's northern coast, spending about four months per year there collecting sea cucumbers and taking them back home to trade. By the late 19th century, the pearl hunting industry was recruiting workers from Kupang, while sugar plantations had hired migrant labourers from Java to work in Queensland; Dutch colonial authorities estimated they formed a total population of about 1,000. However, after the federation of Australia and the enactment of the Immigration Restriction Act 1901, the first part of a series of laws which collectively formed the White Australia policy, most of these migrants returned to Indonesia.[3] Beginning in 1942, thousands of Indonesians fled the Japanese occupation of Indonesia and took refuge in Australia. Exact landing statistics were not kept due to the chaotic nature of their migration, but after the war, 3,768 repatriated to Indonesia on Australian government-provided ships.[4] In the 1950s, roughly 10,000 people from the former Dutch colony of the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia), who held Dutch citizenship and previously settled in the Netherlands, migrated to Australia, bypassing the White Australia policy.[5][6] Large numbers of Chinese Indonesians began migrating to Australia in the late 1990s, fleeing the political and economic turmoil in the aftermath of the May 1998 riots and the subsequent fall of Suharto.[7]


Though Islam is the majority religion in Indonesia, Muslims are the minority among Indonesians in Australia.[8] In the 2006 Australian Census, only 8,656 out of 50,975 Indonesians in Australia, or 17%, identified as Muslim. They lack their own mosques, but instead typically attend mosques established by members of other ethnic groups.[8] In contrast, more than half of the Indonesian population in Australia follows Christianity, split evenly between the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant denominations.[9]

Notable people

Dougy Mandagi of The Temper Trap

See also



  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Penny & Gunawan 2001, p. 439
  4. ^ Lockwood 1970
  5. ^ Willems 2001, pp. 263–329
  6. ^ Coté & Westerbeek 2005, p. 289
  7. ^ Ikegami 2005, pp. 21–23
  8. ^ a b Saeed 2003, p. 12
  9. ^ Penny & Gunawan 2001, p. 441
  10. ^
  11. ^


Further reading

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.