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Title: Kopaja  
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Subject: Transport in Indonesia, Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit, List of Indonesian acronyms and abbreviations, Senen, Trans Jogja
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Kopaja bus

Koperasi Angkutan Jakarta or Kopaja (Jakarta Transport Cooperative) is a cooperative established in 1971 to provide public transport services in Jakarta.[1] There were reportedly over 1,400 minibuses in the Kopaja fleet in mid-2012, more than half of which were estimated to be over 20 years old.[2]

Kopaja buses have a rated capacity of 20-30 seats like the similar [5]

Despite these problems the Kopaja bus service, like other low-cost bus transport options such as the small local Angkot vans,[6] is a key part of the Jakarta transport network. There are numerous routes which criss cross the city and link into the Transjakarta Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system.[7] Fares, at Rp 2,000 per ride (around US 20 cents) for most services, are cheap. Efforts to upgrade the service by introducing newer air-conditioned Kopaja buses in 2012[8] have so far attracted limited custom because passengers are reluctant to pay the higher Rp 5,000 (about US 50 cents) price for the higher-quality buses.[9]

Busker on a Jakarta bus

It is not uncommon for buskers, often children, to jump aboard the Kopaja minibuses. However apart from hoping for a small contribution they rarely cause any trouble at all to passengers.[10]


Kopaja buses are numbered and travel along designated routes. The numbers are sometimes a little hard to spot since they are posted in a somewhat random fashion on the buses, usually on the front and back windows and sometimes (or alternatively) on the side windows as well. There are also designated bus stops but the bus stops are rarely used. Rather, passengers just wave down the slowly travelling passing buses and later just indicate the spot where they wish to alight. Conductors hanging out of the front or rear doors of the Kopaja, who are often shouting the destination as the buses travel along (such as, "Senen, Senen, Senen" on route No P.20 listed below), facilitate these arrangements.

The route that a Kopaja bus is following is usually listed on the front window of the bus (such as Tn. Abang - Ragunan for route No P.19 below). But somewhat confusingly, most buses have large garish names plastered across the front window as well such as Mawar (Rose), Bunga (Flower), Ikhlas (Sincere), Firdaus (Paradise) and even Sexy. These names, which often tend to obscure other details such as the route number and name, are merely decorations and do not provide information of any particular kind to commuters.

List of routes

The following is the set of routes currently in service. The bus numbers and routes sometime show prefix letters which indicate the following:

  • P = Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat)
  • B = West Jakarta (Jakarta Barat)
  • S = South Jakarta (Jakarta Selatan)
  • T = East Jakarta (Jakarta Timur)
  • U = North Jakarta (Jakarta Utara)

The routes are the following:

Tanah Abang - Slipi Jaya - Kemanggisan - Kedoya - Ciledug
Tanah Abang - Landmark - Karet Pasar Baru - Blok M - Fatmawati - Kemang - Ampera - Ragunan Depan
Lebak Bulus - TB. Simatupang (Cilandak Barat) - Margasatwa Raya - Mampang Prapatan - Rasuna Said - Setiabudi - Menteng - Gambir - Senen
Senen - Sunter - Kelapa Gading
Terminal Kp. Rambutan - Raya Bogor - Cililitan (PGC) - Dewi Sartika - Kalibata - Duren Tiga - Warung Buncit - Tendean - Wolter Monginsidi - Terminal Blok M.
Blok M - Rasuna Said - Setiabudi - Latuharhari - Sultan Agung (Pasar Rumput) - Manggarai
Ragunan Depan - Pasar Minggu - Kalibata Tengah - Duren Tiga - Pancoran - Tebet - Kampung Melayu
Lebak Bulus - Pondok Indah - Raya Simprug - Palmerah - Slipi - Grogol - Mangga Dua - Kota
Slipi - Grogol - Kalideres
Kampung Melayu - Matraman - Proklamasi - Cikini - Monas - Tanah Abang
Ragunan Depan - Mampang Prapatan - Setiabudi - Komdak - Casablanca - Tanah Abang
S.605 (Blok M — Kampung Rambutan)
Terminal Blok M - Iskandarsyah - Melawai - Panglima Polim - Darmawangsa - Darmawangsa 4 - Darmawangsa 13 - Fatmawati - Abdul Majid - Kemang Selatan 8 - Kemang - Kemang Selatan - Ampera - TB Simatupang - Masuk Tol AMPERA~1 - Keluar Tol~30 "Cililitan—Cijantung" - Terminal Kp. Rambutan
S.605A (Blok M — Ragunan Depan)
Terminal Blok M - Prapanca - Kemang - Kemang Selatan - Ampera - TB Simatupang - Harsono - Terminal Ragunan (Ragunan Depan).
Blok M - Senayan Belakang - Palmerah - Tanah Abang
Blok M - Kebayoran Lama - Cipulir - Meruya
Ragunan Belakang — Cilandak - Kemang Timur Raya - Mampang Prapatan - Pancoran - Tebet - Kampung Melayu
S.613 (route has been abolished)
Blok M - Bintaro
Pasar Minggu - Warung Buncit - Pejaten Barat - Ampera - Kemang Selatan - Benda - Puri Sakti - Antasari - Taman Brawijaya - Darmawangsa 15 - Darmawangsa - Darmawangsa 6 - Wijaya 2 - Panglima Polim - Kramat Pela - Barito 2 - Barito 1 - Kyai Maja - Cipulir
Lebak Bulus - Blok M - Palmerah - Tanah Abang
Blok M - Tendean (Trans TV) - Pancoran - Pasar Minggu - Cipedak
Pasar Minggu - Lenteng Agung - Srengseng Sawah
Depok - Lenteng Agung - TB. Simatupang - Masuk Tol Lenteng Agung 2 - Keluar Tol Ampera 2 - Ampera - Kemang - Jeruk Purut - Antasari - Kantor Walikota Jaksel - Terminal Blok M
Pasar Rumput - Pancoran - Blok M
S.13 (Kopaja AC—Air conditioned Kopaja)
Ragunan Belakang - Cilandak KKO - TB. Simatupang - Pondok Indah - Gandaria - Mayestik - CSW - Semanggi - Slipi
Rawa Bokor - Taman Anggrek


  1. ^ Antonny Saputra, 'My Jakarta: Kopaja, Kings of the Road', The Jakarta Globe, 28 October 2012.
  2. ^ Andreas D. Ardtiya, ' New Kopaja buses to offer Internet, air conditioning', The Jakarta Post, 6 July 2012.
  3. ^ "My Jakarta: Rudin, Public Bus Driver". The Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 24 August 2012.  See also, 'Taming minibus drivers', The Jakarta Post, 20 October 2012.
  4. ^ Anita Rachman, 'Buses, Angkots and Rustpots Driving Jakarta Residents Crazy', The Jakarta Globe, 7 May 2012.
  5. ^ Lenny Tristia Tambun and Ronna Nirmala, 'Plans to Eliminate Bus Rental Scheme', The Jakarta Globe, 18 October 2012.
  6. ^ Daniel Alan Bey, 'In Defence of the Angkot', The Jakarta Globe, 16 July 2012.
  7. ^ Novia D. Rulistia, 'Kopaja, Metromini operators get ready to join BRT system', The Jakarta Post, 20 December 2012.
  8. ^ Ardtiya, Andreas D (6 July 2012). "New Kopaja buses to offer Internet, air conditioning". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  9. ^ Lenny Tristia Tambun, 'New High-Tech Minibuses Hit Jakarta Streets', The Jakarta Globe, 5 July 2012.
  10. ^ Edison Lestari, 'My Jakarta: Bagus, Child Busker', The Jakarta Globa, 3 February 2012
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