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Lahore Zoo


Lahore Zoo

Lahore Zoo
Main entrance of the zoo
Date opened 1872[1]
Location Mall Road, Lahore,
Punjab, Pakistan[2]
Land area 25 acres (10 ha)
(0.1 km²)[3]
Number of animals ~1400[1]
Number of species ~140[1]
Annual visitors 3 million[4]
Memberships SAZARC[4]
Major exhibits Elephant House, Giraffe House, Tiger House

Lahore Zoo (Punjabi: لہور چڑیا گھر, Urdu: لاہور چڑیا گھر‎) in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, established in 1872, one of the largest zoos in South Asia. It is currently managed by the Wildlife and Parks department of the Government of Pakistan. Today the zoo houses a collection of about 1380 animals of 136 species.[1] Lahore Zoo was the host of the fifth annual conference of SAZARC in 2004.[4] The stated mission of the zoo is:

To carry out ex-situ conservation of species and to actively contribute to Pakistan’s International commitment in terms of the Convention on Biological Diversity in addition to provide excellent educational and recreational facilities.[4]

Lahore Zoo is thought to be the third or fourth oldest zoo in the world.[5] Vienna Zoo of Austria, established in 1752 as a menagerie, was opened to public as a zoo in 1779. London Zoo of England, established in 1828, was opened to public in 1847. The Alipore Zoo of India, established some time in the early 19th century, was opened to public as a zoo in 1876.


  • History 1
  • Areas and attractions 2
    • Animal exhibits 2.1
    • Exotic flora 2.2
    • Safari park 2.3
  • Species list 3
  • Public service 4
    • Recreation 4.1
    • Education 4.2
    • Gift shop 4.3
  • Breeding efforts 5
  • Plans 6
  • Controversies 7
    • Safety and security concerns 7.1
    • Animal deaths 7.2
    • Smuggling scandal 7.3
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


Lahore Zoo had its beginnings in a small aviary donated by Lal Mahundra Ram in 1872 to the Lahore Municipal Corporation. Over time the animal collection increased and the zoo expanded. It later began to take interest in conservation, education and research in addition to providing recreational facilities to the public. By 2010, the zoo was home to about 1280 trees of 71 species and 1380 animals of 136 species including 996 birds of 82 species, 49 reptiles of 8 and 336 mammals of 45 species.[4]

The zoo was managed by the Lahore Municipal Corporation from 1872 to 1923, when management was turned over to the Deputy Commissioner of Lahore. Management was transferred to the Livestock and Dairy Development department in 1962, and then to the Wildlife and Parks department in 1982. Between its founding in 1872 and its turnover to the Wildlife and Parks department in 1982 there was very little development at the zoo. Since 1982, it has upgraded its exhibits, layout, and landscaping, and has become a self-financing organization.[4]

A master planning, improvement and development project of 18 months duration was approved in on July 25, 2005. It was carried out by 'Zoo Maintenance Committee' and sponsored by Planning and Development Department of Government of Punjab. The project cost around 202.830 million Pakistani rupees and aimed for the improvement and addition of facilities.[6]

Areas and attractions

Animal exhibits

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