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Langwieser Viaduct

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Langwieser Viaduct

Langwieser Viaduct
Langwieser Viadukt
View from the south
Official name Langwieser Viadukt
Carries Rhaetian Railway
Crosses Plessur River, Sapünerbach
Locale Langwies, Switzerland
Owner Rhaetian Railway
Maintained by Rhaetian Railway
Design Arch
Material Reinforced concrete
Total length 284 m (932 ft)
Height 62 m (203 ft)
Longest span 100 m (330 ft)
Construction begin 1912
Construction end 1914
Opened December 1914
Coordinates

46°49′03″N 09°42′18″E / 46.81750°N 9.70500°E / 46.81750; 9.70500Coordinates: 46°49′03″N 09°42′18″E / 46.81750°N 9.70500°E / 46.81750; 9.70500

The Langwieser Viaduct (or Langwies Viaduct; German: Langwieser Viadukt) is a single track reinforced concrete railway bridge spanning the Plessur River and the Sapünerbach, near Langwies, in the Canton of Graubünden, Switzerland.

Designed by Hermann Schürch, it was built between 1912 and 1914 by Eduard Züblin for the Chur–Arosa railway, and is now owned and used by the Rhaetian Railway.

It is also now listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance as it is a pioneering reinforced concrete structure.[1]

Location

The viaduct is located on the Rhaetian Railway's metre gauge line from Chur to the holiday and recreation resort of Arosa (the Chur–Arosa line). It carries the railway line over the Plessur River valley, immediately up the line from Langwies station.

History

The line from Chur to Arosa was the last of the railway lines in the Rhaetian Railway's so-called core network to be built. The Arosa line also pioneered the use of new construction methods and techniques.

Erected between 1912 and 1914, the Langwieser Viaduct was the world's first railway bridge to be constructed of reinforced concrete, and at that time represented a significant breakthrough.

Simultaneously, a "little brother" of the Langwieser Viaduct, the 139 metres (456 ft) long Gründjitobel Viaduct, was built about 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) downstream.

Technical data

The Langwieser Viaduct is 284 metres (932 ft) long (though some sources state it as 287 metres (942 ft)). The main span consists of a 100 metres (330 ft) long arch, with a rise of 42 metres (138 ft). The viaduct has a total of 13 openings. The rail carriers have a plate beam cross section rigidly connected with the carriers. The only divisions are between the main arch and the two foreshore areas. These separations are constructed as double piers.

At the time of its erection, the Langwieser Viaduct was the longest railway bridge in the world. A total of 800 cubic metres of wood was used for the falsework, the construction of which was another impressive achievement of the carpenter Richard Coray of Trin. The plans for the viaduct were created by Hermann Schürch, the chief engineer was Züblin, and the building contractor was Eduard Züblin.

Gallery

See also

Trains portal
Bridges portal
Switzerland portal

References

  • See also the list of references in Langwieser Viadukt (de World Heritage Encyclopedia) (German)

External links

  • Brueckenweb (German)
  • Structurae
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