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Title: Lijerica  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Byzantine lyra, Linđo, Lyres, Calabrian lira, Mate Bulić
Collection: Bowed Instruments, Croatian Musical Instruments, Early Musical Instruments, European Music
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A Lijerica from Dalmatia
String instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 321.321-71
(Necked bowl lute sounded by a bow)
Related instruments
Lijerica player in Dubrovnik

The lijerica (Croatian pronunciation: ) is a musical instrument from the Croatian region of Dalmatia and Croatian parts of eastern Hercegovina. It is a pear-shaped, three-stringed instrument which is played with a bow. It is played to accompany the traditional linđo dance from the region. The lijerica's name comes from the lyra (Greek: λύρα), the bowed instrument of the Byzantine Empire which it probably evolved from.

While the lijerica is most often associated with traditional folk music, it is still found in modern music from the region. One artist who is notable for his use of the instrument is Mate Bulić.


The lijerica is closely related to the bowed musical instrument

  • Lirica - tradicijsko glazbalo hrvatskoga Jadrana (Croatian)
  • Hercegovački etno okret Lijerica (Croatian)

External links

  1. ^ Margaret J. Kartomi: On Concepts and Classifications of Musical Instruments. Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology, University of Chicago Press, 1990
  2. ^ "lira." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 28 Feb
  3. ^ stringed instrument. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 14, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: (Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009)


[3] family.lira da braccio the gambas, were important and elegant instruments; they eventually lost ground to the louder (and originally less aristocratic) Renaissance) group. During the leg viol (lira da gamba) family; the other, with sloping shoulders and held between the knees, was the arm viol (lira da braccio Over the centuries that followed, Europe continued to have two distinct types of bowed instruments: one, relatively square-shaped, held in the arms, became known as the [2] interchangeably when referring to bowed instruments.lira and fiddle spread through Europe westward; in the 11th and 12th centuries European writers use the terms Byzantine lyra The [1]

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