World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Luwu Regency

Article Id: WHEBN0031153032
Reproduction Date:

Title: Luwu Regency  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Masamba, Palopo, South Sulawesi, Sidenreng Rappang Regency, Bantaeng Regency
Collection: Regencies of South Sulawesi
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Luwu Regency

Kabupaten Luwu
Bumi Sawerigading
Official seal of Kabupaten Luwu
Motto: Luwu wanua mappatuoe naewai alena, toddo puli temmalara
Country Indonesia
Province South Sulawesi
Capital Belopa
 • Regent Ir. H. Andi Mudzakkar
 • Total 3,000.25 km2 (1,158.40 sq mi)
 • Total 287,472
 • Density 96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
A heroic symbol against colonialism in Downtown Palopo.

Luwu Regency (Kabupaten Luwu in Indonesian) is a regency of South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The administrative capital lies at Belopa, since the former capital of Palopo became an independent municipality (city) in 2006, at which date Luwu Regency was split into Palopo city, North Luwu Regency, and East Luwu Regency, with the residue remaining as the new Luwu Regency. The first Regent of the reduced Luwu Regency was H. M. Basmin Mattayang from 2004-2009, then Ir. H. Andi Mudzakkar replaced him as Regent from 2009-2014 following the first direct election in Luwu. Luwu is well known for its natural resources, such as rice, cocoa, coconut, banana, sagu (sago), rambutan, langsat, and others.


  • History 1
  • Geographic Condition 2
  • Administration 3
  • Natural Resources and Culinary 4
  • Culture 5
  • References 6


Luwu is named after the Luwu Kingdom, one of the three biggest kingdoms (and the oldest one) in South Sulawesi; the two kingdoms were Gowa-Tallo (which became Gowa Regency and Makassar) and Bone (which became Bone Regency). The name "Luwu" had been known from the 13th century when the first king of the Lontara period of Luwu was throned. In Luwu history, there are two periods; the Galigo period and the Lontara period.

The Galigo period is matched from La Galigo or I La Galigo (an ancient literature, the longest epic in the world) which founded by B.F. Matthes in 1888. By R.A. Kern, a Dutch historian, the Galigo period is described as pre-historic time. The other historians said Galigo as pseudo-history. In I La Galigo, there are three places that said; Wara, Luwu, and Wewangriu that always said as Tompotikka.

Sanusi Daeng Mattata, author of Luwu dalam Revolusi, said that Luwu word is taken from riulo which means divine extended from above. This name is related to oral tradition that sacred in Luwu. In that oral tradition said that this world is divinely extended from sky, paved, then blessed by abundant natural resources.

The origin of Luwu name is taken from other words too; malucca (Bugis Ware' Language) and malutu (Palili' Language) which both mean turbid or dark. Turbid means always full with contents like river color when flooded. Dark interpreted as forest and sago near to the beach. Then malucca and malutu become malu and then becomes luwu.

C. Salombe in his book said that word 'Lu' in Luwu is taken from 'lau' word means sea or East. Salombe said Toraja is the way of Luwu people call the people who live in mountain or West. To Raja or To Riaja means people on the highland or people in the West. Luwu or Lu is the way of Toraja people call the people who live in beach or East or lowland.

Geographic Condition

Geographically, Luwu is located on 2°3’45” to 3°37’30” South Latitude and 119°15” to 121°43’11” West Longitude.

Administrative borders are:
North North Luwu Regency and Tana Toraja Regency
South Sidenreng Rappang Regency and Wajo Regency
West Tana Toraja Regency and Enrekang Regency
East Southeast Sulawesi Province, across the Bone Gulf

Luwu is split into two separate areas by the city of Palopo in the middle. The northern area comprises Walenrang, Walenrang Timur (East Walenrang), Lamasi, Walenrang Utara (North Walenrang), Walenrang Barat (West Walenrang) and Lamasi Timur (East Lamasi) districts - or Walenrang and Lamasi (abbreviated as "Walmas"). The southern area comprises the remaining fifteen districts tabulated below,


Luwu Regency in 2010 comprised 21 administrative Districts (Kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.[1]

Name Population
Census 2010
Larompong 18,834
Larompong Selatan
(South Larompong)
Suli 18,479
Suli Barat
(West Suli)
Belopa 14,812
Kamanre 11,238
Belopa Utara
(North Belopa)
Bajo 14,238
Bajo Barat
(West Bajo)
Latimojong 5,457
(Bua Ponrang)
Ponrang 26,114
Ponrang Selatan
(South Ponrang)
Bua 30,955
Walenrang 17,433
Walenrang Timur
(East Walenrang)
Lamasi 20,364
Walenrang Utara
(North Walenrang)
Walenrang Barat
(West Walenrang)
Lamasi Timur
(East Lamasi)

Some 1,000 protesters recently expressed their anger that the House of Representatives did not include the requested Central Luwu Regency, which they wanted to be separated from Luwu regency, in the planned creation of 65 new autonomous regions, on 24 October 2014. These local residents believed Central Luwu was ready to become an independent regency. There are six districts in the planned regency: Walenrang, East Walenrang, West Walenrang, North Walenrang, Lamasi and East Lamasi with a total population of 91,885 in 2010.

Natural Resources and Culinary

The most known culinary in Luwu is kepurung (kapurung, pugalu, bugalu, kapeda) which is made from sago plant (Metroxylon sago). There is dange which is made from sago too. The other culinary is pacco and bagea. Luwu is known as a fruit producer, such as durian, langsat (Lansium parasiticum), rambutan, and many others.


Luwu is the origin of the longest epic in the world, La Galigo that created before Mahabharata. Some manuscript of I La Galigo is saved in European Museums, like in Leiden University Library. I La Galigo manuscript is the story about Sawerigading and known well in Central Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and through Malaysia. On May 25, 2011, La Galigo manuscript in Leiden University Library was inscribed in UNESCO's Memory of the World Register affirming its world significance and outstanding universal value.


  1. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.