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Macau Grand Prix

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Title: Macau Grand Prix  
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Subject: Macau, Marko Asmer, Eddie Irvine, Michael Rutter (motorcycle racer), Edoardo Mortara
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Macau Grand Prix

Macau Grand Prix
Guia Circuit
Race information
Number of times held 59
First held 1954
Most wins (drivers) Robert Huff (7)
Circuit length 6.120 km (3.803 mi)
Race length 91.800 km (57.042 mi)
Laps 15
Last race (2014)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap
The entry into the Lisboa corner, Guia Circuit

The Macau Grand Prix is a motor-racing event held annually in Macau, one of China's Special Administrative Regions. It is known for being the only street circuit racing event in which both car and motorcycle races are held. Every year in November hundreds of racing drivers and riders compete in different categories of motor-racing, including single-seaters, touring cars and motorbikes.

One of the highlights of the race weekend is the Macau Formula Three Grand Prix, featuring many national Formula Three champions and drivers from around the world, with the winner being awarded the FIA Formula 3 Intercontinental Cup. Due to the challenging nature of the circuit, which consists of fast straights (a Formula Three car can reach a top speed of 275 km/h (171 mph) at the end of this stretch[1]), tight corners and uncompromising crash barriers, the Macau Grand Prix is famously known as one of the most demanding circuits in the world. Many current or former Formula One drivers have participated in the event early in their careers and some of them have won the prestigious prize. Famous winners include Riccardo Patrese, Ayrton Senna, Michael Schumacher, David Coulthard, Ralf Schumacher and Takuma Sato.

From 2005 until 2014, the double-header Guia Race of Macau, which traditionally features touring cars from world-renowned car manufacturers, had officially become the final two races of the FIA World Touring Car Championship (WTCC).

Since 2015, it holds the final two races of TCR International Series.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Today 2
  • The Guia circuit 3
    • Lap record (racing lap) 3.1
  • Winners – Title Race 4
  • Winners – Touring Car Winners 5
  • Winners – Motorcycles 6
  • Winners – GT Cup 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • Notes 10
  • External links 11

History

The Macau Grand Prix was originally conceived in 1954 as a treasure hunt around the streets of the city,[2] but shortly after, it was suggested that the hunt's track could host a professional racing event for local motor enthusiasts. The race continued as an amateur race until 1966, when Belgian driver Mauro Bianchi entered the race in an Alpine A220 (chassis #1722).[3] Alpine Renault had also sent engineer, Jean-Paul Castilleux, to assist Bianchi with technical aspect of the car.[4] Bianchi's victory and exposure led to more professional racing teams entering the Grand Prix in the following years.

The motorcycle race was introduced in 1967, and in that year the first fatal tragedy struck the race: double champion Dodjie Laurel was killed when he lost control of his car and crashed. This raised the alarm for more safety improvements for the race.

The first Guia race for touring cars was held in 1972. Macau's Guia Race for touring cars is a particular race for this category, as very few races with these cars are held on street circuits. Since 2005 the race has officially become the final two rounds of FIA World Touring Car Championship.

In 1983, it was decided by the organisers that since Ayrton Senna. The race in 1990 was a memorable one, as Michael Schumacher and Mika Häkkinen were involved in an incident when they were in positions 1 and 2 going into the final lap. At the main straight just after the Mandarin Oriental Bend, Häkkinen hit the back of Schumacher's car and crashed out when he attempted to overtake him. Schumacher's car was able to continue with its rear wing damaged and eventually won the race with the best aggregate time. Other notable winners include Formula One drivers David Coulthard, Ralf Schumacher and Takuma Sato. Since the introduction of F3 races, the Macau GP has gradually become a stepping stone for many F3 drivers to higher class motor-racing competitions such as the GP2 series and Formula One.

Macau is a special event for motorcycle riders too. The Motorcycle Grand Prix has featured many famous riders such as Kevin Schwantz, Carl Fogarty, Ron Haslam and Michael Rutter.

Teddy Yip was one of the main forces behind the Macau Grand Prix back in '70s and 80s, leading the Grand Prix to be one of the world's most famous motor racing events. The Macau Grand Prix parties he hosted for many years at his home also became a central part of the social aspect of the Grand Prix.

Today

The 2008 Macau Grand Prix in progress.

The Macau Grand Prix race weekend normally starts on the Thursday and ends on the Sunday on the second or third week of November. The first two days (Thursday and Friday) are generally scheduled for practicing and qualifying. All races are held on Saturday and Sunday, with the final rounds of the heavyweights Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix and the Guia Race (scheduled to be the final 2 rounds of the FIA World Touring Car Championship since 2005) held on the last day. Both the Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix and the Guia Race are sanctioned by the FIA and the winner of the Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix is awarded the FIA Intercontinental Cup. Apart from the two major races held at the race weekend, the Macau Motorcycle Grand Prix is also one of the highlights of the weekend since it features former or current racers of the Superbike World Championship. Other races include the Formula BMW Pacific race, and for locals and Hong Kong drivers who want a slice of the action, Interport Race for novices, CTM Cup race the experienced.

Newly introduced into the 2007 race is the Road Sport Challenge for popular sport compact cars commonly associated with the tuner market, Macau GT Cup for GT3 cars.

Races that have been held in the past but have since been discontinued includes the ATCS race, Supercar Cup for road going exotic sports cars, the Formula Renault race, the Porsche Carrera Cup Asia race, the scooter race for locals and in the past but on a less than frequent basis, a Jackie Chan endorsed race for celebrity women drivers (partnered with pro racers) involving Mitsubishis, with whom Chan hold a sponsorship deal.

The Guia circuit

Characteristics: A street circuit with a combination of fast straights and tight corners. It is recognised[5] as one of the most challenging circuits in the world.

  • Length: 3.8 miles (6.2 km)
  • Minimum width: 22.8 feet (7 m)
  • Variation in altitude: 30m

Lap record (racing lap)

Category Record Driver Car/Bike Date
1993–[6]
Formula 3 Grand Prix 2:10.732 Edoardo Mortara Dallara F308-Volkswagen 2009
GT Cup 2:19.550 Edoardo Mortara Audi R8 LMS 2013
Formula Renault 2:23.135 Scott Speed Tatuus-Renault F7R 2004
Motorcycle Grand Prix 2:23.616 Stuart Easton Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R 2010
Guia race WTCC TC1 2:27.009 Robert Huff Lada Granta WTCC 2014
Porsche Carrera Cup 2:27.343 Darryl O'Young Porsche 911 GT3 Cup 2007
Guia race (Super Touring) 2:29.253 Steve Soper BMW 320i 1997
Formula BMW 2:29.449 William Buller Mygale FB02-BMW K1200RS 2009
Asian Formula 2000 2:30.052 Philippe Descombes Argo-Ford Zetec 1.8 2001
Guia race (Super 2000) 2:30.881 Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze 2011
Road Sport Challenge 2:32.974 Manabu Orido Nissan GT-R 2010
Guia race (Super Production) 2:39.634 Simon Harrison Honda Integra Type-R 2003
CTM Touring Car[7] 2:40.916 Paul Poon Chevrolet Lacetti 2012
Supercar race 2:41.877 Kevin Wong Porsche 911 GT3R 2000
ACMC race 2:42.591 Cheung Wai On Honda RS125 2003
Interport race[8] 2:48.216 Alvaro Mourato Honda Integra DC5 2010

Winners – Title Race

Year GP Winner Entrant Chassis – Engine Rules
1954 Eduardo de Carvalho Triumph TR2 Sports car
1955 Robert Ritchie Austin-Healey 100 Sports car
1956 Doug Steane Mercedes-Benz 190SL Sports car
1957 Arthur Pateman Mercedes-Benz 300SL Sports car
1958 Chan Lye Choun Aston Martin DB3S Sports car
1959 Ron Hardwick Jaguar XKSS Sports car
1960 Martin Redfern Jaguar XKSS Sports car
1961 Peter Heath Lotus 15-Climax Formula Libre
1962 Arsenio Laurel Lotus 22-Ford Formula Libre
1963 Arsenio Laurel Lotus 22-Ford Formula Libre
1964 Albert Poon Lotus 23-Ford Formula Libre
1965 John MacDonald Lotus 18-Ford Formula Libre
1966 Mauro Bianchi Alpine-Renault T66 Formula Libre
1967 Tony Maw Lotus 20B-Ford Formula Libre
1968 Jan Bussell McLaren M4C Formula Libre
1969 Kevin Bartlett Mildren-Waggott Formula Libre
1970 Dieter Quester BMW F270 Formula Libre
1971 Jan Bussell McLaren M4C Formula Libre
1972 John MacDonald Brabham BT36 Formula Libre
1973 John MacDonald Brabham BT40 Formula Libre
1974 Vern Schuppan Theodore Racing March 72B-Ford Formula Pacific
1975 John MacDonald Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific
1976 Vern Schuppan Theodore Racing Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific
1977 Riccardo Patrese Bob Harper Racing Chevron B40-Ford Formula Pacific
1978 Riccardo Patrese Bob Harper Racing Chevron B42-Ford Formula Pacific
1979 Geoff Lees Theodore Racing Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific
1980 Geoff Lees Theodore Racing Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific
1981 Bob Earl Hayashi 200P-Toyota Formula Pacific
1982 Roberto Moreno Ralt RT4-Ford Formula Pacific
Year Formula 3 GP Winner Entrant Chassis – Engine Main Series
1983 Ayrton Senna West Surrey Racing Ralt RT3-Toyota British Formula 3 Championship
1984 John Nielsen Volkswagen Motorsport Ralt RT3-Volkswagen German Formula Three Championship
1985 Maurício Gugelmin West Surrey Racing Ralt RT30-Volkswagen British Formula 3 Championship
1986 Andy Wallace Madgwick Motorsport Reynard 863-Volkswagen British Formula 3 Championship
1987 Martin Donnelly Intersport Racing Ralt RT31-Toyota British Formula 3 Championship
1988 Enrico Bertaggia Forti Corse Dallara 388-Alfa Romeo Italian Formula Three Championship
1989 David Brabham Bowman Racing Ralt RT33-Volkswagen/Spiess British Formula 3 Championship
1990 Michael Schumacher WTS Racing Reynard 903-Volkswagen/Spiess German Formula Three Championship
1991 David Coulthard Paul Stewart Racing Ralt RT35-Honda/Mugen German Formula Three Championship
1992 Rickard Rydell Team TOM'S TOM'S 032F-Toyota All-Japan Formula Three Championship
1993 Jörg Müller RSM Marko Dallara 393-Fiat/Novamotor German Formula Three Championship
1994 Sascha Maassen WTS Racing Dallara F394-Opel/Spiess German Formula Three Championship
1995 Ralf Schumacher WTS Racing Dallara F394-Opel/Spiess German Formula Three Championship
1996 Ralph Firman Paul Stewart Racing Dallara F396-Honda/Mugen-NBE British Formula 3 Championship
1997 Soheil Ayari Graff Racing Dallara F396-Opel/Spiess International Formula 3000
1998 Peter Dumbreck Team TOM'S Dallara F398-Toyota/TOM'S All-Japan Formula Three Championship
1999 Darren Manning Team TOM'S Dallara F399-Toyota/TOM'S All-Japan Formula Three Championship
2000 André Couto Bertram Schäfer Racing Dallara F399-Opel/Spiess International Formula 3000
2001 Takuma Sato Carlin Motorsport Dallara F301-Honda/Mugen-NBE British Formula 3 Championship
2002 Tristan Gommendy ASM Dallara F302-Renault/Sodemo French Formula Three Championship
2003 Nicolas Lapierre Signature Plus Dallara F302-Renault/Sodemo Formula 3 Euro Series
2004 Alexandre Prémat ASM Dallara F304-Mercedes/HWA Formula 3 Euro Series
2005 Lucas di Grassi Manor Motorsport Dallara F304-Mercedes/HWA Formula 3 Euro Series
2006 Mike Conway Räikkönen Robertson Racing Dallara F306-Mercedes/HWA British Formula 3 Championship
2007 Oliver Jarvis Team TOM'S Dallara F307-Toyota/TOM'S All-Japan Formula Three Championship
2008 Keisuke Kunimoto Team TOM'S Dallara F308-Toyota/TOM'S All-Japan Formula Three Championship
2009 Edoardo Mortara Signature Plus Dallara F308-Volkswagen GP2 Series
2010 Edoardo Mortara Signature Plus Dallara F308-Volkswagen Formula 3 Euro Series
2011 Daniel Juncadella Prema Powerteam Dallara F308-Mercedes/HWA Formula 3 Euro Series
2012 António Félix da Costa Carlin Motorsport Dallara F312-Volkswagen GP3 Series
2013 Alex Lynn Prema Powerteam Dallara F312-Mercedes European Formula 3 Championship
2014 Felix Rosenqvist Mücke Motorsport Dallara F312-Mercedes European Formula 3 Championship

Winners – Touring Car Winners

Year Touring Car Winner[note 1] Car Report
1957
to
1962
unknown
1963 Albert Poon Lotus Cortina
1964 Eugen Böhringer Mercedes-Benz 300SE
1965 Grant Wolfkill Austin Cooper S
George Baker Jaguar Mark 2
1966 Mauro Bianchi Alpine A210
1967 Albert Poon Alfa Romeo GTA
1968 HKG Peter Chow
1969 Erich Waxenberger
Albert Poon
Mercedes-Benz 300SEL 6.3
1970 Anne Wong Mini Cooper
1971 Dieter Glemser Ford Capri 2600RS
1972 John MacDonald Mini Cooper
1973 Peter Chow Toyota Celica
1974 Nobuhide Tachi Toyota Celica
1975 Nobuhide Tachi Toyota Celica
1976 Herb Adamczyk Porsche 911 Carrera RS
1977 Peter Chow Toyota Celica
1978 Peter Chow Toyota Celica
1979 Herb Adamczyk Porsche 911 Carrera RSR
1980 Hans-Joachim Stuck BMW 320i
1981 Manfred Winkelhock BMW 320i
1982 Helmut Greiner Porsche 935
1983 Hans-Joachim Stuck BMW 635 CSI
1984 Tom Walkinshaw Jaguar XJS
1985 Gianfranco Brancatelli Volvo 240 Turbo
1986 Johnny Cecotto Volvo 240 Turbo
1987 Roberto Ravaglia BMW M3
1988 Altfrid Heger BMW M3
1989 Tim Harvey Ford Sierra RS500
1990 Masahiro Hasemi Nissan Skyline GT-R
1991 Emanuele Pirro BMW M3 Evolution
1992 Emanuele Pirro BMW M3 Evolution
1993 Charles Kwan BMW M3 Evolution
1994 Joachim Winkelhock BMW 318is
1995 Kelvin Burt Toyota Corona EXIV
1996 Frank Biela Audi A4 Quattro
1997 Steve Soper BMW 320i
1998 Joachim Winkelhock BMW 320i
1999 Michael Bartels Audi A4 Quattro
2000 Patrick Huisman BMW 320i
2001 Duncan Huisman BMW 320i
2002 Duncan Huisman BMW 320i
2003 Duncan Huisman BMW 320i
2004 Jörg Müller BMW 320i
2005 Augusto Farfus Alfa Romeo 156 Report
Duncan Huisman BMW 320i
2006 Andy Priaulx BMW 320si Report
Jörg Müller BMW 320si
2007 Alain Menu Chevrolet Lacetti Report
Andy Priaulx BMW 320si
2008 Alain Menu Chevrolet Lacetti Report
Robert Huff Chevrolet Lacetti
2009 Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze LT Report
Augusto Farfus BMW 320si
2010 Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze LT Report
Norbert Michelisz SEAT León TDI
2011 Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T Report
Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T
2012 Yvan Muller Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T Report
Alain Menu Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T
2013 Yvan Muller Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T Report
Robert Huff SEAT León WTCC
2014 José María López Citroën C-Elysée WTCC Report
Robert Huff Lada Granta WTCC

Winners – Motorcycles

Solo Motorcycles
Year Motorcycle GP Winner Bike Report
1967 Hiroshi Hasegawa Yamaha RD56
1968 Hiroshi Hasegawa Yamaha 250
1969 John MacDonald Yamaha
1970 Benny Hidajat Yamaha YSI
1971 Akiyasu Motohashi Yamaha
1972 Ikujiro Takai Yamaha TR3
1973 Ken Araoka Suzuki RG500
1974 Hiroyuki Kawasaki Yamaha
1975 Hideo Kanaya Yamaha
1976 Chas Mortimer Yamaha
1977 Mick Grant Kawasaki KR750
1978 Sadao Asami Yamaha TZ750
1979 Sadao Asami Yamaha TZ750
1980 Sadao Asami Yamaha TZ750
1981 Ron Haslam Honda RS1123
1982 Ron Haslam Honda RS1123
1983 Ron Haslam Honda NS500
1984 Mick Grant Suzuki RGB500
1985 Ron Haslam Honda RS500
1986 Ron Haslam Elf Honda 500
1987 Ron Haslam ROC Elf Honda 4
1988 Kevin Schwantz Suzuki RGV500
1989 Robert Dunlop Honda RC30
Year Motorcycle GP Winner Bike Report
1990 Steve Hislop Honda RC30
1991 Didier de Radiguès Suzuki RGV500
1992 Carl Fogarty Harris Yamaha 500
1993 Steve Hislop ROC Yamaha 500
1994 Steve Hislop Harris Yamaha 500
1995 Mike Edwards ROC Yamaha 500
1996 Phillip McCallen Yamaha YZR500
1997 Andreas Hofmann Kawasaki Ninja ZX-7R
1998 Michael Rutter Honda RVF750 RC45
1999 David Jefferies Yamaha YZF-R1
2000 Michael Rutter Yamaha YZF-R1
2001 John McGuinness Honda CBR954RR
2002 Michael Rutter Ducati 998
2003 Michael Rutter Ducati 998
2004 Michael Rutter Honda CBR1000RR
2005 Michael Rutter Honda CBR1000RR
2006 Steve Plater Yamaha YZF-R1
2007 Steve Plater Yamaha YZF-R1
2008 Stuart Easton Honda CBR1000RR
2009 Stuart Easton Honda CBR1000RR
2010 Stuart Easton Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R
2011 Michael Rutter Ducati 1098
2012 Michael Rutter Honda CBR1000RR
2013 Ian Hutchinson Yamaha YZF-R1
2014 Stuart Easton Kawasaki ZX-10R

Winners – GT Cup

Year Winner Car
2008 Darryl O'Young Porsche 997 GT3 Cup
2009 Keita Sawa Lamborghini Gallardo GT3
2010 Keita Sawa Lamborghini Gallardo GT3
2011 Edoardo Mortara Audi R8 LMS GT3
2012 Edoardo Mortara Audi R8 LMS GT3
2013 Edoardo Mortara Audi R8 LMS GT3
2014 Maro Engel Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG GT3

See also

References

  1. ^ Takuma Sato's demonstration of a hot lap around the Guia Circuit, Macau Grand Prix Committee official website
  2. ^ "Fernando Macedo Pinto, one of the founders of the Macau Grand Prix" (in Portuguese). Blog Macau Antigo. Retrieved 2010-10-20. 
  3. ^ Smith, Roy (2010). Alpine & Renault: The Sports Prototypes, Volume 1, 1963–1969. Veloce Publishing Limited. pp. 108–110.  
  4. ^ Smith, Roy (2010). Alpine & Renault: The Sports Prototypes, Volume 1, 1963–1969. Dorchester, Dorset, England: Veloce Publishing Limited. p. 108.  
  5. ^ "Lewis Hamilton column: Racing has become more strategic". 
  6. ^ After moving the start line back
  7. ^ Officially known as CTM Cup
  8. ^ For Macanese and Hong Kong professional drivers, previously two separate races each different nationalities.

Notes

  1. ^ Prior to 1972, production car race

External links

  • Official site
  • FIA Formula 3 Intercontinental Cup
  • Asian Festival of Speed results

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