World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0003633535
Reproduction Date:

Title: Magnitizdat  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bulat Okudzhava, Soviet culture, Smuggling, Samizdat, Grazhdanskaya Oborona
Collection: Music Industry, Smuggling, Soviet Culture
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Tape recorder "Tembr" (1964) without casing (From museum of political history of Russia)

Magnitizdat (Russian: магнитизда́т; IPA: , from the Russian words for "tape recorder" магнитофо́н [məɡnʲɪtɐˈfon]), and "publishing" изда́тельство [ɪˈzdatʲɪlʲstvə][1]) was the process of re-copying and self-distributing live audio tape recordings in the Soviet Union that were not available commercially. It is similar to bootleg recordings, except it is usually sanctioned by the performers (who do not expect to make money from these recordings) for the purpose of circumventing political censorship and making their work as well known as possible.

The process of magnitizdat was less risky than publishing literature via samizdat, since any person in the USSR was permitted to own a private reel-to-reel tape recorder, while paper duplication equipment was under control of the state.

Magnitizdat was the main method by which the songs of Russian bards such as Bulat Okudzhava, Vladimir Vysotsky and Alexander Galich or punk bands like Grazhdanskaya Oborona made their way around the Soviet Union and abroad. Magnitizdat was also used to distribute lectures with anti-Soviet content.


  1. ^ Garey (2011:5)


  • Garey, Amy (2011), "Aleksandr Galich: Performance and the Politics of the Everyday" (PDF), Limina 17: 1–13 

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.