World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mailu Island

Article Id: WHEBN0026158477
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mailu Island  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Central Province (Papua New Guinea), Auriora Island, Hemenahei Island, Mussau Island, Purutu Island
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mailu Island

Mailu Island
Mailu Island is located in Papua New Guinea
Mailu Island
Mailu Island
Location within Papua New Guinea
Coordinates:
Country Papua New Guinea
Province Central Province
District Abau District
LLG Amazon Bay Rural LLG
Population (2000)
 • Total 770
Languages
 • Main languages Mailu language
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
Location 250 km (160 mi) ESE of Port Moresby

Mailu Island is a small, 1.8 km long, island in Central Province, Papua New Guinea. It lies 250 km ESE from Port Moresby.

Characteristics

Mailu is an island that has been inhabited since ancient times.[1] It is located 8 km south of the New Guinean coast. Bananas, taro, yams, betel, sugarcane, as well as coconut, areca nut and sago palms grow on the island. The village is located on the NE shores. There is a smaller island right off Mailu's southern point. Pottery[2] was made by the women on Mailu Island and traded with goods from the coast, mainly the South Cape and the Aroma people to the NW.

History

First recorded sighting of Mailu island was by the Spanish expedition of Luís Vaez de Torres, that landed on it on 24 August 1606. It was charted as San Bartolomé. Spaniards reported that its inhabitants called it Ratiles. All the nearby land including the coast of New Guinea was called by the Spaniards Magna Margarita to honour the wife of the king of Spain at that time Philip III, Margaret of Austria. Still today the nearby coastal village of Magarida keeps this name.[3]

This island was visited by polish anthropologist Bronisław Malinowski in 1914. Mailu Island was also visited by Austrian anthropologist and photographer Hugo Bernatzik in 1932. Bernatzik, who published an ethnography a few years later, described Mailu as a very pleasant place and had a good impression of the Mailuans, as reliable people of a good character and skilled seafarers. He admired the buildings and the boats and took photographs of Mailu houses from the inside and outside. Bernatzik also took pictures of the islanders and their artifacts, reflecting a culture that he deemed was dying in contact with the modern world.[4] Frank Hurley also visited Mailu during his journeys.[5]

Between 1972 and 1974 New Zealand archaeologist Geoffrey Irwin[6] carried out a survey of Mailu Island and the neighbouring coast where linguistically related groups, speakers of Mailuan languages, live.

See also

References

  1. ^ J T Clark & J Terrell , Archaeology in Oceania, Annual Review of Anthropology
  2. ^ Patricia May & Margaret Tuckson, The Traditional Pottery of Papua New Guinea, University of Hawai`i Press ISBN 978-0-8248-2344-3
  3. ^ Hilder, Brett The voyage of Torres, Brisbane, 1980, pp.42,48,51,54
  4. ^ Hugo Bernatzik, Südsee; ein Reisebuch. first edition Leipzig 1934
  5. ^ Photograph album of Papua and the Torres Strait
  6. ^ Geoffrey Irwin, The Emergence of Mailu as a Central Place in Papuan Prehistory. 1985

External links

  • Picture of Mailu by Frank Hurley
  • Mailu - Economy
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.