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Maribor

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Maribor

Maribor
City
Maribor's Old Town along the Drava River
Maribor's Old Town along the Drava River
Flag of Maribor
Flag
Coat of arms of Maribor
Coat of arms
Maribor is located in Slovenia
Maribor
Maribor
Location of the City of Maribor in Slovenia
Coordinates:
Country Slovenia
Municipality City Municipality of Maribor
Government
 • Mayor Andrej Fištravec
Area
 • Total 140 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 275 m (902 ft)
Population (2014)[2]
 • Total 93.847
 • Density 730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Post code 2000
Area code(s) 02
Website .si.mariborwww

Maribor (pronounced  ( ); German: Marburg an der Drau) is the second-largest city in Slovenia with about 114,487 inhabitants in 2013.[2] Maribor is also the largest city of the traditional region of Lower Styria and the seat of the City Municipality of Maribor. In 2000, Maribor was given the Alpine Town of the Year award. Association football club NK Maribor is based in the city.

In addition to * Stanislav Vitum}} and Italian: Marburgo.

Early years

Maribor in the 17th century. A copper engraving by Georg Matthäus Vischer, 1678.

In 1164, a castle known as Castrum Marchburch ("March Castle") was documented in the March of Drava.[3] The castle was originally built on Piramida Hill, which is located just above the city. Maribor was first mentioned as a market near the castle in 1204, and received town privileges in 1254. It began to grow rapidly after the victory of Rudolf I of the Habsburg dynasty over King Otakar II of Bohemia in 1278. Maribor withstood sieges by Matthias Corvinus in 1480/1481 and by the Ottoman Empire in 1532 and 1683.

Jewish community

Jewish people living in Maribor were first mentioned in 1277. However, it is suggested that at that time there was already a Jewish quarter in the city. Notwithstanding, the first reliable source for Jewish citizens appeared in 1317. The Jewish ghetto was located in the southeastern part of the city and it comprised, at its peak, several main streets in the city centre including part of the main city square. The ghetto had a synagogue, a Jewish cemetery and also a Talmud school. The Talmud scholar and Halakhist Israel Isserlein was the chief Rabbi of Carinthia, Styria, and Carniola, and spent most of his life as a resident of the city. The Jewish community of Maribor was numerically at its apex around 1410. After 1450 the circumstances changed dramatically: increasing competition that coincided with an economic crisis dealt a severe blow to the economic activities that were crucial to their economic success. According to a decree issued by Emperor Maximilian I in 1496, Jews were forced to leave the city of Maribor. Restrictions on settlement and business for Jews remained in power until 1861.[4]

In April 1941, Nazi Germany invaded Yugoslavia, and Lower Styria was annexed by the Third Reich. The Jews of Maribor were deported to concentration camps from late spring 1941 onward.

Maribor synagogue is one of the oldest existing synagogues of Europe, and one of only two left in Slovenia.[5]

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