World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Matilda of Anjou

Article Id: WHEBN0002178180
Reproduction Date:

Title: Matilda of Anjou  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Henry I of England, Empress Matilda, Fontevraud Abbey, Fulk, King of Jerusalem, William Adelin, William Clito, House of Plantagenet
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Matilda of Anjou

Matilda of Anjou
Duchess of Normandy

Spouse William Adelin
Father Fulk V, Count of Anjou
Mother Ermengarde, Countess of Maine
Born c. 1111
Died 1154
Fontevraud Abbey

Matilda of Anjou, also known as Mahaut (c. 1111 – 1154) was married in 1119 to William Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England.


Matilda was the daughter of Count Fulk V of Anjou, and his first wife Ermengarde, Countess of Maine.[1] In February of 1113, Fulk V and Henry I met near Alençon where they entered into a treaty of peace which was secured by the betrothal of Henry's son William Adelin and Fulk's daughter Matilda.[2] The young couple was married in June 1119.[3]

On the evening of 25 November 1120, returning from Normandy to England, William chose to sail aboard the White Ship and subsequently drowned when that ship sank in the English Channel just outside Barfleur harbor.[4] Matilda had avoided the disaster, as passage for her had been arranged aboard another ship.[5] But his death left her a widow with no immediate heir to the throne of England and ended the treaty with Anjou.[6]

On his return from Jerusalem, c. 1121–1122, Fulk V demanded the return of Matilda's dowry, comprising castles and towns in Maine, to which Henry flatly refused.[6] After months of fruitless quarreling Fulk was considering warring on Henry once more.[6] Finally, Fulk countered Henry by marrying his other daughter, Sibylla, to William Clito, the son of Robert Curthose, Henry's nephew and rival for Normandy.[7] Fulk dowered the couple with the lordship of Maine.[7]

Meanwhile, after her husband's death Matilda remained at Henry's court and was treated as one of the king's royal daughters.[8] Henry maintained she could remain as long as she wished[lower-alpha 1] and intended to marry her to one of his great nobles, "heaping on her wealth and honours which would have raised her above all her family."[8] She remained in England for several years, unmarried, but according to Orderic, wishing to see her parents and home, she returned to Anjou.[8] After a time in Anjou she took the advice of Geoffrey, Bishop of Chartres and in 1128 she took her vows at Fontevrault Abbey as a nun. In 1150 she became the Abbess and died in 1158.[9]


Normandy portal



Matilda of Anjou
Born: c. 1111 Died: c. 1154
Royal titles
Title last held by
Matilda of Scotland
Duchess consort of the Normans
1119 – 25 Nov 1120
Title next held by
Adeliza of Louvain
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.