World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Miguelist

Article Id: WHEBN0014467964
Reproduction Date:

Title: Miguelist  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Miguel, Duke of Braganza, History of Porto, Prince Francis Joseph of Braganza, Carlism, Provinces of Portugal
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Miguelist

A period cartoon, showing the conflict between the Two Brothers, as children, and the major States of Europe, as grown parents, trying to avoid the quarrel.

In the history of Portugal, a Miguelist (in Portuguese Miguelista) was a supporter of the legitimacy of the king Miguel I of Portugal. The name is also given to those who supported absolutism as form of government, in opposition to the liberals who intended the establishment of a constitutional regime in Portugal.

Miguel was regent to his niece Queen Maria II of Portugal, and potential royal consort. However, he claimed the Portuguese throne in his own right once, according to the so-called Fundamental Laws of the Kingdom, his older brother Pedro IV and therefore his daughter, had lost their rights from the moment that Pedro had made war on Portugal and become the sovereign of a foreign state (Brazilian Empire).

This led to a difficult political situation, during which many people were killed, imprisoned, persecuted or sent into exile, and which culminated in the Portuguese Liberal Wars between authoritarian Absolutists (lead by Miguel) and progressive Constitutionalists (lead by Pedro).

In the end, Miguel was forced from the throne and lived the last 32 years of his life in exile.

Miguelism is not only based on the question of who should legitimately sit on the Portuguese throne. It also defends the traditional principles of a conservative monarchy based in Roman Catholic values and in the absolute power of the king, against the Enlightenment values.

Miguelist Braganzas

King Miguel I was exiled following the Convention of Evora-Monte (1834), which put an end to the Liberal Wars. The throne was retaken by his niece, Queen Maria II, and a liberal regime was setlled.

In exile, the former king married a wealthy Bavarian heir, princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. This marriage was the origin of the new Miguelist branch of the Braganzas and their descendants include not only the current claimant to the Portuguese crown, as well as the monarchs of Belgium, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, and other claimants to former European monarchies (Habsburgs, Austria-Este, Savoy, Wittelsbach, Bourbon-Parma, Thurn und Taxis, Ligne).

Finally, this Miguelist branch, became the sole Braganzas representative when King Manuel II of Portugal (the last male Braganza from the senior liberal branch) died without issue and, naturally, his Miguelist cousin Duarte Nuno, was his closest Portuguese relative and heir.

List of Miguelist claimants to the Portuguese throne since 1834

Claimant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Miguel I
1834–1866
(Legitimist claimant)
26 October 1802, Lisbon
son of João VI
and Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
24 September 1851
7 children
14 November 1866
Esselbach
aged 64
Miguel, Duke of Braganza
1866–1920
(Legitimist claimant)
19 September 1853, Kleinheubach
son of Miguel I
and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis
17 October 1877
3 children
Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
8 November 1893
8 children
11 October 1927
Seebenstein
aged 74
Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
1920–1976
(Legitimist claimant)
1932–1976
(Royalist claimant)
23 September 1907, Seebenstein
son of Miguel, Duke of Braganza
and Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Maria Francisca of Orléans-Braganza
15 October 1942
3 children
24 December 1976
Lisbon
aged 69
Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
1976–present
15 May 1945
Bern
son of Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
and Maria Francisca of Orléans-Braganza
Isabel, Duchess of Braganza
13 May 1995
3 children

Genealogical Chart

On the family tree bellow, the Miguelist branch is clearly identified on the right hand side.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John VI
[1767-1826]
King of the U. K. of
Portugal, Brazil & the Algarves
1816-22
King of Portugal & the Algarves 1822-1826
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pedro I / IV
[1798-1834]
Emp. of Brazil 1822-31
King of Portugal 1826
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Miguel I
[1802-1866]
Regent (to his niece) 1828
King of Portugal 1828-34
Legitimist claimant 1834-66
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pedro II
[1825-1891]
Emp. of Brazil 1831-89
deposed (1889)
 
Maria II
[1819-1853]
Queen of Portugal
1826-28, 1834-53
 
Fernando II
[1816-1885]
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Prince Consort 1836-37
King Consort 1837-53
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pedro V
[1837-1861]
King of Portugal 1853-61
 
Luis I
[1838-1889]
King of Portugal 1861-89
 
Miguel (II)
[1853-1927]
Legitimist claimant 1866-1920
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carlos I
[1863-1908]
King of Portugal 1889-1908
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brazilian
Imperial
family
 
 
 
 
 
Manuel II
[1889-1932]
last King of Portugal 1908-10
deposed (1910), without issue
 
Duarte Nuno
[1907-1976]
Legitimist claimant 1920-32
Royalist claimant 1932-76
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duarte Pio
[born 1945]
Duke of Braganza
Current claimant (since 1976)
 
 

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.