World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ministerial Lands

Article Id: WHEBN0028603820
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ministerial Lands  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject:
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ministerial Lands

Areas in Ohio with Ministerial Lands
The plan for numbering sections of a township was adopted May 20, 1785. Section 29 was devoted to support of clergy in two land sales.

The Ministerial Lands were tracts of land in the Northwest Territory, later Ohio, that the Congress donated for the support of clergy.

In the contracts that the Congress wrote for purchases of large tracts of land in the Northwest Territory in the 1780s by the Ohio Company of Associates[1] and John Cleve Symmes,[2] tracts of land were set aside for support of religion. This was before the passage of the Bill of Rights.[3] These land purchases were divided into townships six miles square arranged on a checkerboard pattern. Each township was further divided into one mile square sections numbered systematically from 1 to 36. In the Ohio Company and Symmes purchases, section 29 of each township, except the two townships set aside to support Ohio University, was set aside for support of religion. Ohio’s Ministerial Lands totaled 43,525 acres (176.14 km2).[3] Monies realized from the leasing or sale of section 29 were to be distributed to the township’s churches on a pro rata basis according to each denomination’s membership.[3] The legislature of the state was designated to be the trustee for the ministerial lands in the First purchase of the Ohio Company and the Symmes Purchase by Congress, while the trustees of the Ohio Company designated the Legislature as trustee of the sections in their second purchase.[3][4]

In 1833,[5] Congress authorized Ohio to sell Ministerial Lands and invest proceeds in a fund to support religion in the various townships in which they sat. This lasted until 1968, when the constitutionality of such church-state relationships was challenged. Congress then authorized the remaining ministerial funds to be disbursed for schools. In May, 1968, Ohio voters approved a constitutional amendment that directed any future ministerial income be used solely for educational purposes.[3]

Grants by the Government for support of religion came to an end in 1811 when President Monroe vetoed a bill for relief for a Baptist Society who had built a church on Government land in Salem Mississippi. He cited that the bill “comprises a principle and precedent for the appropriation of funds of the United States for the use and support of religious societies, contrary to the article of the Constitution which declares that Congress shall make no law respecting a religious establishment.” [6]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Ohio 1825 : 17-18
  2. ^ Ohio 1825 : 26
  3. ^ a b c d e Knepper, George W (2002). The Official Ohio Lands Book. The Auditor of the State of Ohio. pp. 59–61. 
  4. ^ Peters, William E (1918). Ohio Lands and Their Subdivision. W.E. Peters. pp. 358–366. 
  5. ^ Stat. 618 - Text of Act of February 20, 1833 Library of Congress
  6. ^ Treat, Payson Jackson (1910). The National Land System 1785-1820. E.B. Treat and Co. p. 302. 

References

  • State of Ohio (1825). A Compilation of Laws, Treaties, Resolutions, and Ordinances, of the General and State Governments, which Relate to the Lands in the State of Ohio; etc.. Columbus: George Nashee, State Printer. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.