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Monarchy in Ontario


Monarchy in Ontario

Queen in Right of Ontario
Elizabeth II
Queen of Canada

since 6 February 1952
Style Her Majesty
First monarch Victoria
Formation 1 July 1867

By the arrangements of the Canadian federation, Canada's monarchy operates in Ontario as the core of the province's Westminster-style parliamentary democracy.[1] As such, the Crown within Ontario's jurisdiction is referred to as the Crown in Right of Ontario,[2] Her Majesty in Right of Ontario,[3] or the Queen in Right of Ontario.[4] The Constitution Act, 1867, however, leaves many royal duties in Ontario specifically assigned to the sovereign's viceroy, the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario,[1] whose direct participation in governance is limited by the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy.[5]


  • Constitutional monarchy in Ontario 1
    • Royal associations 1.1
  • History 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Constitutional monarchy in Ontario

The role of the Crown is both legal and practical; it functions in Ontario in the same way it does in all of Canada's other provinces, being the centre of a constitutional construct in which the institutions of government acting under the sovereign's authority share the power of the whole.[6] It is thus the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the province's government.[7] The Canadian monarch—since  6 February 1952, Queen Elizabeth II—is represented and has her duties carried out by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, whose direct participation in governance is limited by the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy, with most related powers entrusted for exercise by the elected parliamentarians, the ministers of the Crown generally drawn from amongst them, and the judges and justices of the peace.[5] The Crown today primarily functions as a guarantor of continuous and stable governance and a nonpartisan safeguard against the abuse of power.[5][8][9] This arrangement began with the 1867 British North America Act,[1] and continued an unbroken line of monarchical government extending back to the early 17th century. However, though Ontario has a separate government headed by the Queen, as a province, Ontario is not itself a kingdom.[10]

Queen Elizabeth II in Toronto, 2010

A viceregal suite in the Ontario Legislative Building in Toronto is used both as an office and official event location by the lieutenant governor, the sovereign, and other members of the Canadian Royal Family. The viceroy resides in a separate home provided by the provincial Crown and the Queen and her relations reside at a hotel when in Ontario.

The Great Seal of Ontario, held by the lieutenant governor and entrusted by him or her to the Attorney General of Ontario

Royal associations

The Crown has held a place of special significance throughout Ontario's history. The visit of our Queen serves as a reminder of this fact, and I believe it can be a more memorable occasion for our young citizens if it is supported by a meaningful learning experience.[11]

Thomas Leonard Wells, Ontario Minister of Education, 1973

Those in the Royal Family George VI in 1947.

The main symbol of the monarchy is the sovereign herself, her image (in portrait or effigy) thus being used to signify government authority.[15] A royal cypher or crown may also illustrate the monarchy as the locus of authority, without referring to any specific monarch. Further, though the monarch does not form a part of the constitutions of Ontario's honours, they do stem from the Crown as the fount of honour, and so bear on the insignia symbols of the sovereign.


See also


  1. ^ a b c  
  2. ^  
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Pinet v. The Queen in right of Ontario, Title (Ontario Court of Appeal 13 April 1995). Text
  5. ^ a b c  
  6. ^ Cox, Noel (September 2002). "Black v Chrétien: Suing a Minister of the Crown for Abuse of Power, Misfeasance in Public Office and Negligence". Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law (Perth: Murdoch University) 9 (3): 12. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  7. ^  
  8. ^  
  9. ^ MacLeod 2008, p. 20
  10. ^  
  11. ^ "Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II: Empire Day". Archives of Ontario. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  12. ^ Palmer, Sean;  
  13. ^ Rayburn, Alan. "Victoria". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 September 2007. 
  14. ^ "our Story > The History of The Royal Hamilton Yacht Club". The Royal Hamilton Yacht Club. Archived from the original on 23 February 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2009. 
  15. ^ MacKinnon, Frank (1976), The Crown in Canada, Calgary: Glenbow-Alberta Institute, p. 69,  

External links

  • Archives of Ontario. "A Celebration of the Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II". Queen's Printer for Ontario. 
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