World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

National Unification Council

National Unification Council
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

The National Unification Council, established in February 1990,[1] was a governmental agency of the Republic of China on Taiwan which is now defunct but whose formal aim was to promote reintegration of mainland China into the Republic of China.

In February 1991, the council drafted the Guidelines for National Unification, which outlined a three-phase approach for Chinese unification.[1] The Guidelines called for Beijing to democratize and become more developed as the precondition for serious talks about steps toward eventual integration.[1]

The Council was suspended in early 2006, with President Chen Shui-bian remarking:[2]

“The National Unification Council will cease to function. No budget will be ear-marked for it and its personnel must return to their original posts...The National Unification Guidelines will cease to apply. In accordance with procedures, this decision will be transmitted to the Executive Yuan for notice.”

Chen had previously called for the NUC to be “abolished” but later toned this down to "cease to function". The government was ambiguous on whether “cease to function” was the same as “abolish”.

There have been calls for President Ma Ying-jeou to reinstate the National Unification Council, with Taiwan newspaper The China Post remarking in a commentary:[3]

The best and easiest way to show his sincerity is to reinstate the National Unification Council made to cease to function by President Chen. Or to sign a peace accord with Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.


  • History 1
  • Abolition 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The National Unification Council held 14 meetings from its founding to April 8, 1999.[4]

The guidelines stipulate that "both the mainland and Taiwan areas are parts of Chinese territory. Helping to bring about national unification should be the common responsibility of all Chinese people."[4]

The meaning of "one China" adopted by the "national unification council" on August 1, 1992 says that "both sides of the Taiwan Straits agree that there is only one China. However, the two sides of the Straits have different opinions as to the meaning of 'one China'."[4]

The council had already been out of operation under the administration of Chen Shui-bian since 2000, who has leant towards Taiwanese independence and opposed Chinese reunification. At the same time, in his "Four Noes and One Without" policy, Chen promised not to abolish formally the Council or the Guidelines for National Unification, in order to allay international concern about his possible moves toward declaring independence.


In his lunar new year speech in 2006 President Chen Shui-bian instructed the DPP to begin formal debate on the permanent abolition of the National Unification Council and the guidelines set out therein.[5] On February 27, 2006, Chen formally announced that the council would "cease to function" and its guidelines would "cease to apply".[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Republic of China Yearbook 2008
  2. ^
  3. ^ President Ma pays homage in person to the Yellow Emperor, China Daily Post
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^ *BBC News: Alarm at hint to scrap Taiwan body, 2006-02-06
  6. ^ BBC News: Taiwan scraps unification council, 2006-02-27

External links

  • Guidelines for National Unification at Wikisource
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.