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Onslow Stearns

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Onslow Stearns

Onslow Stearns
32nd Governor of New Hampshire
In office
June 3, 1869 – June 8, 1871
Preceded by Walter Harriman
Succeeded by James A. Weston
Personal details
Born August 30, 1810
Billerica, Massachusetts
Died December 29, 1878 (aged 68)
Concord, New Hampshire
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Abbot Holbrook
Children Charles
Mary
Margaret
Sarah
Grace
Profession Railroad executive
Religion Unitarian

Onslow Stearns (August 30, 1810 – December 29, 1878) was an American businessman and politician who served as Governor of New Hampshire.

Biography

Stearns was born in Billerica, Massachusetts on August 30, 1810. He attended the local schools of his hometown, and moved to Boston, where he clerked in several stores in preparation for a business career.

After moving to Concord, Stearns established himself in business. Starting as a construction contractor in partnership with his brother, Stearns eventually became a manager and executive, and was active in several different railroads, including the Lowell and Nashua, Northern Railroad of New Hampshire, Vermont Central Railway, and Old Colony Railroad.

In 1857 Stearns received the honorary degree of Master of Arts from Dartmouth College.

Stearns became active in politics as a Republican, serving in the New Hampshire State Senate from 1862 to 1864. He served as the Senate's President pro tempore in 1863, and was a Delegate to the 1864 Republican National Convention.

Stearns ran successfully for Governor in 1869 and was reelected in 1870. During his time in office the state created a board of agriculture, taxes and deficits necessitated by New Hampshire's participation in the American Civil War were lowered, and the state government continued to promote the development of railroads and manufacturing business.

After leaving office Stearns retired

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