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Post office

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Title: Post office  
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Subject: Mail, Postage stamps and postal history of the United States, Colorado National Guard Armory, Verbank, New York, Packstation
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Post office

A post office is a customer service facility forming part of a national postal system.[1] Post offices offer mail-related services such as acceptance of letters and parcels; provision of post office boxes; and sale of postage stamps, packaging, and stationery. In addition, many post offices offer additional services: providing and accepting government forms (such as passport applications), processing government services and fees (such as road tax), and banking services (such as savings accounts and money orders).[2] The chief administrator of a post office is a postmaster.

Prior to the advent of postal and ZIP codes, postal systems would route items to a specific post office for receipt or delivery. In 19th-century America, this often led to smaller communities being renamed after their post offices, particularly after the Post Office Department ceased to permit duplicate station names within a state.[3]

Contents

  • Name 1
  • History 2
  • Unstaffed postal facilities 3
  • Notable post offices 4
    • Operational 4.1
    • Former 4.2
    • Historic 4.3
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Name

The term "post office" or "post-office"[4] has been in use since the 1650s,[5] shortly after the legalization of private mail service in England in 1635.[6] In early Modern England, post ridersmounted couriers – were placed ("posted"[7]) every few hours along post roads at "posting houses" or "post houses" between major cities ("post towns"). These stables or inns permitted important correspondence to travel without delay. In early America, post offices were also known as "stations". This term and "post house" fell from use as horse and coach service was replaced by railways, aircraft, and automobiles.

Today, "post office" usually refers to postal facilities providing customer service. The term "General Post Office" is sometimes used for the national headquarters of a postal service, even if it does not provide customer service within the building. A postal facility used exclusively for processing mail is instead known as sorting office or delivery office, which may have a large central area known as a "sorting" or "postal hall". Integrated facilities combining mail processing with railway stations or airports are known as mail exchanges.

History

Indian Post Office at the Mango Orange village, Ooty Road

There is evidence of corps of royal

  • GRC Database Information: worldwide post office website links
  • Photos of post offices around the world
  • Post Office Locations (USA)
  • Logos of post offices around the world
  • Royal Mail
  • The British Postal Museum & Archive
  • United Kingdom Post Office site
  • United States Postal Service
  • Universal Postal Union

External links

  1. ^ Private courier and delivery services often have offices as well, although these are not usually called "post offices" except in the case of Germany which has fully privatized its national system.
  2. ^ "Canada Postal Guide - Glossary".  
  3. ^ United States Postal Service. "What's in a (Post Office) Name?" August 2008. Accessed 2 October 2013.
  4. ^ Webster, Noah. American Dictionary of the English Language, "post-house". Accessed 2 October 2013.
  5. ^ Harper, Douglas. Online Etymology Dictionary, "post office". 2013. Accessed 2 October 2013.
  6. ^ The British Postal Museum and Archive. "The Secret Room". 2011. Accessed 2 October 2013.
  7. ^ Harper (2013), "post". Accessed 2 October 2013.
  8. ^ Xenophon credits Cyrus the Great of Persia, others credit his successor Darius I or the earlier Babylonian king Hammurabi or the Assyrian king Sargon II.
  9. ^ "Derry store's postal kiosk a 1st in New England".  

References

See also

Historic

The Inland Letter Office of the London GPO in 1845.

Former

Operational

Notable post offices

In many jurisdictions, mail boxes and post office boxes have long been in widespread use for dropoff and pickup (respectively) of mail and small packages outside of post offices or when offices are closed. Deutsche Post introduced the Packstation for package delivery (both dropoff and pickup) in 2001. In the 2000s, the United States Postal Service began to install Automated Postal Centers (APCs) in many locations both in post offices (for when they are closed or busy) and in retail locations.[9] APCs can print postage and accept mail and small packages.

Students attend an unstaffed postal facility

Unstaffed postal facilities

In parts of Europe, special Postal censorship offices were known as Cabinets Noirs.

The Princely House of Thurn and Taxis initiated regular mail service from Brussels in the 16th century, directing the Imperial Post of the Holy Roman Empire. The British Postal Museum claims that the oldest functioning post office in the world is on High Street in Sanquhar, Scotland . This post office has functioned continuously since 1712, an era in which horses and stage coaches were used to carry mail.

in the 6th Century. Justinian by surviving empire, though not unbiased, records that this system remained largely intact was dismantled in the Procopius later established two parallel systems: one providing fresh horses or mules for urgent correspondence and another providing sturdy oxen for bulk shipments. Diocletian) were obliged or honored to care for them along their way. mansiones: Latin) privately owned rest houses (stationes: Latin. Local officials were obliged to provide couriers who would be responsible for their message's entire course. Locally maintained post houses (cursus publicus network, the Roman with regularizing the Augustus credited Suetonius. China and India dynasties established similar systems in Han and Mauryan. The 2nd-Century BC Royal Road existed along the Chapar-Khaneh, a system of Persian Empire Certainly, by the time of the [8]

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