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Protectorate General to Pacify the North

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Title: Protectorate General to Pacify the North  
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Subject: Protectorate General to Pacify Beiting, Tang dynasty in Inner Asia, Four Garrisons of Anxi, List of emperors of the Tang dynasty, History of Mongolia
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Protectorate General to Pacify the North

Protectorate General to Pacify the North
Common name (669–757)
Simplified Chinese: 安北都护府
Traditional Chinese: 安北都護府
Pinyin: Anbei Duhu Fu
Wade-Giles: Anpei Tuhu Fu
Alternate Name (647–663)
Simplified Chinese: 燕然都护府
Traditional Chinese: 燕然都護府
Pinyin: Yanran Duhu Fu
Wade-Giles: Yenjan Tuhu Fu
Alternate Name (663–669)
Simplified Chinese: 瀚海都护府
Traditional Chinese: 瀚海都護府
Pinyin: Hanhai Duhu Fu
Wade-Giles: Hanhai Tuhu Fu
Alternate Name (757–784)
Simplified Chinese: 镇北都护府
Traditional Chinese: 鎮北都護府
Pinyin: Zhenbei Duhu Fu
Wade-Giles: Chenpei Tuhu Fu

The Protectorate General to Pacify the North or Grand Protectorate General to Pacify the North (647–784) was a Chinese military government established by Tang Dynasty in 647 to pacify the former territory of Xueyantuo, which extended from Lake Baikal to the north, the Gobi Desert to the south, the Khingan Mountains to the east, and the Altay Mountains to the west.

It was first established as Yanran at Shanyu Tai, southwest of present-day Urat Middle Banner, the northern slope of Lang Shan. This was later shifted to Hanhai and controlled by Uighurs instead of Han Chinese, around the banks of the Orkhon River, and named from its namesakes for a short period before it was changed to Anbei. The seat of governance remained there until the year 687.

See also


  • Ai, Chong. Tangdai Anbei Duhufu Qianxi Kaolun (A Study on the Change of Seats of the Anbei Protectorate During the Tang Dynasty). Journal of Shaanxi Normal University. 2001.4. ISSN 1000-5293.
  • Li, Dalong. Youguan Tang Anbei Duhufu De Jige Wenti (On the Several Questions of the Tang Dynasty's Anbei Protectorate). Northern Cultural Relics. 2004.2. ISSN 1001-0483
  • Wang, Jilin, "Anbei Duhufu" ("Protectorate General to Pacify the North"). Chinese Encyclopedia (Historiography Edition), 1st ed.
  • Zhou, Weiyan, "Duhufu" ("Protectorate"). Encyclopedia of China (Chinese History Edition), 1st ed
  • Xue, Zongzheng (1992). A History of Turks. Beijing: Chinese Social Sciences Press. ISBN 7-5004-0432-8. p. 404-429.
  • Pulleyblank, Edwin G (2002). Central Asia and Non-Chinese Peoples of Ancient China. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0-86078-859-8. II, p. 35-42.
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