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Title: Runemaster  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Greece runestones, Ingvar runestones, Varangian runestones, Granby Runestone, Hälsingland Rune Inscription 21
Collection: Obsolete Occupations, Runemasters
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A runestone being made by the modern runemaster Kalle Dahlberg.

A runemaster or runecarver is a term for a specialist in making runestones. More than 100 names of runemasters are known from Viking Age Sweden with most of them from 11th century eastern Svealand.[1] Many anonymous runestones have more or less securely been attributed to these runemasters.[1] During the 11th century, when most runestones were raised, there were a few professional runemasters. They and their apprentices were contracted to make runestones and when the work was finished, they sometimes signed the stone with the name of the runemaster.[2]

Most early medieval Scandinavians were probably literate in runes, and most people probably carved messages on pieces of bone and wood.[2] However, it was difficult to make runestones, and in order to master it one also needed to be a stonemason.[2]

Notable runemasters of the 11th to early 12th centuries include:

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b The article Runristare in Nationalencyklopedin (1995).
  2. ^ a b c Vilka kunde rista runor? on the Swedish National Heritage Board website, retrieved January 13 2007.
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