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Scipione Riva-Rocci

Scipione Riva-Rocci
Place of birth Riva-Rocci

Scipione Riva-Rocci (7 August 1863 in Almese, Piedmont – 15 March 1937 in Rapallo) was an Italian internist and pediatrician who was a native of Almese.

He earned his medical degree in 1888 from the University of Turin, and from 1900 until 1928 was director of the hospital in Varese.

He is credited with developing an easy-to-use version of the sphygmomanometer. His original sphygmomanometer consisted of every-day objects that included an inkwell, some copper pipe, bicycle inner tubing and a quantity of mercury. Neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing (1869-1939) improved his device, and played a major role in bringing Riva-Rocci's mercury sphygmomanometer to the attention of physicians world-wide. Riva-Rocci's initials RR are used to indicate blood pressure measured with his technique.

He made significant contributions in pulmonary and respiratory medicine, in particular, his involvement in research of pulmonary tuberculosis. As a young doctor, he assisted Carlo Forlanini (1847-1918) with the process of "iatrogenic pneumothorax" for treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.

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