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Sister Act

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Title: Sister Act  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Emile Ardolino, Kathy Najimy, NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Motion Picture, Whoopi Goldberg, 1992 in film
Collection: 1990S Comedy Films, 1990S Crime Films, 1992 Films, American Criminal Comedy Films, American Films, American Musical Comedy Films, English-Language Films, Films About Religion, Films About Roman Catholicism, Films About Women, Films Directed by Emile Ardolino, Films Set in Reno, Films Set in San Francisco, California, Films Shot in California, Films Shot in Los Angeles, California, Films Shot in Nevada, Films Shot in San Francisco, California, Nuns in Fiction, Touchstone Pictures Films
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sister Act

Sister Act
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Emile Ardolino
Produced by Scott Rudin
Teri Schwartz
Written by Joseph Howard
Starring Whoopi Goldberg
Maggie Smith
Harvey Keitel
Music by Marc Shaiman
Cinematography Adam Greenberg
Edited by Colleen Halsey
Richard Halsey
Distributed by Buena Vista Pictures
Release dates
  • May 29, 1992 (1992-05-29)
Running time
100 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $31 million[1]
Box office $231,605,150[2]

Sister Act is a 1992 American comedy film released by Touchstone Pictures. Directed by Emile Ardolino, it features musical arrangements by Marc Shaiman and stars Whoopi Goldberg as a Reno lounge singer who has been put under protective custody in a San Francisco convent of Poor Clares and has to pretend to be a nun when a mob boss puts her on his hit list. Also in the cast are Maggie Smith, Kathy Najimy, Wendy Makkena, Mary Wickes, and Harvey Keitel.

The film was followed by a 1993 sequel, Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit. It also inspired the musical Sister Act that premiered at the Pasadena Playhouse in Pasadena, California in 2006, and opened at the West End's London Palladium with previews from May 7, 2009. The musical then opened on Broadway at the Broadway Theatre in April 2011, with previews beginning March 24, 2011.

Sister Act was one of the most financially successful comedies of the early 1990s, and was rated #83 on Bravo's The 100 Funniest Movies list.


  • Plot 1
  • Cast 2
  • Production 3
  • Soundtrack 4
  • Reception 5
    • Box office 5.1
    • Controversy and Lawsuit 5.2
  • Home media 6
  • Musical 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


The film opens in 1968 at St. Anne's Academy, a California Roman Catholic school, where a young girl named Deloris Wilson is scolded by Sister Immaculata (Lois de Banzie) for wisecracking and disobedience. The setting then changes to the present day, where Deloris Van Cartier is a lounge singer in a 1960s-themed act called The Ronelles (a parody of The Ronettes), who sing at The Moonlite Lounge of the Nevada Club in Reno, Nevada, run by her boyfriend, the mobster Vince LaRocca. After Deloris walks in on Vince having his chauffeur Ernie executed for betrayal, Vince orders his two henchmen Joey and Willy to kill her as well. Deloris flees Vince's casino to the local police station where Lieutenant Eddie Souther suggests she testify against Vince if he can be arrested and tried, but for now, she should go into witness protection until the time comes.

Deloris is taken to St. Katherine's Parish in a seedy, run-down neighborhood of San Francisco, where Souther suggests she take refuge in the attached convent. Both Deloris and Reverend Mother object, but are convinced by Souther and Monsignor O'Hara to go ahead with it. Deloris 'becomes' a nun – habit and all – under the hand of Reverend Mother, who gives her the religious name 'Sister Mary Clarence' to complete the disguise. Mary Clarence objects to following the strictures and simple life of the convent, but comes to befriend several of the nuns, including the forever jolly Sister Mary Patrick, quiet and meek Sister Mary Robert, and the elderly deadpan Sister Mary Lazarus. After sneaking into a nearby bar, Mary Clarence is chastised by Reverend Mother and put into the choir, which she has seen to be dreadful. The choir nuns, learning that Mary Clarence has a background in music, elect her to take over as choir director, which she accepts, and she rearranges them to make them better singers. At Mass one Sunday, the choir sings the "Hail Holy Queen" in the traditional manner beautifully before shifting into a gospel and rock-and-roll-infused performance of the hymn.

Reverend Mother is infuriated with Mary Clarence about the performance, and orders that Mary Lazarus once again become the leader the choir, but Monsignor O'Hara is thrilled with the performance as the unorthodox music brought people, including teenagers, in off the streets. Deloris convinces Monsignor O'Hara that the nuns should be going out to clean up the neighborhood. This they do, and the choir wows church visitors with their music, with Souther eventually attending a performance of "My Guy" (appropriately rewritten as "My God"). Eventually, O'Hara announces to the choir that Pope John Paul II is to visit the church to see the choir himself. Reverend Mother decides to hand in her resignation since her authority has been unintentionally undermined, but Mary Clarence offers to leave in her stead, to which the Reverend Mother disagrees.

Detective Tate, a police officer on Vince's payroll, finds out where Deloris is and contacts Vince, who sends Joey and Willy out to grab her. Souther confronts Tate, gets him arrested, and flies to San Francisco to try and warn Mary Clarence, but Vince's men abduct her.

The nuns, led by the Reverend Mother, risk their lives by going to Reno to save Mary Clarence. Meanwhile, she flees Vince and his men, leading to a chase around the casino until the nuns find her and try to sneak out. Vince, Joey and Willy confront the nuns, but are unable to bring themselves to shoot Deloris while she is in a nun's habit. Despite Reverend Mother's attempts to convince Vince that Deloris is indeed a nun he tries to shoot her when Souther bursts in and shoots him in the arm, and has the men arrested. Reverend Mother then thanks Deloris for everything she has done for them and agrees to remain at the convent.

The film ends with the choir, led by Deloris, singing "I Will Follow Him" before the Pope and a packed and refurbished St. Katherine's, earning a loud standing ovation from the audience, the Pope, Reverend Mother, Monsignor O'Hara and Lt. Souther. The end credits reveals that Deloris' secret life as a nun was sold to the media and has become a sensation. The ending of Deloris' "career" as a choir leader is revealed through magazines and album covers and Deloris has continued leading the choir as a famous group with published albums.


Choir nuns


Screenwriter Paul Rudnick pitched Sister Act to producer Scott Rudin in 1987, and it was agreed that Bette Midler would be best for the lead role. The script was then brought to Disney.[3] However, Midler later turned down the role, fearing that her fans would not want to see her play a nun.[3] Eventually, Whoopi Goldberg signed on to play the lead. As production commenced, the script was rewritten by a half dozen screenwriters, including Carrie Fisher, Robert Harling, and Nancy Meyers.[4] With the movie no longer resembling his original script, Rudnick asked to be credited with a pseudonym in the film, deciding on "Joseph Howard."[3]

The church in which Deloris takes refuge is St. Paul's Catholic Church, located at Valley and Church Streets in Noe Valley, an upper-middle-class neighborhood of San Francisco. The storefronts on the opposite side of the street were converted to give the area a ghetto look.

Though the order of the nuns in the film is hinted at being a Carmelite one by Sister Mary Patrick, their religious habit is similar in appearance to that of the Sisters of St. Joseph of the Third Order of St. Francis.[5] Members of the real-life Order, however, have presently abandoned use of the habit.[6]

During the final performance of "I Will Follow Him" two people who resemble The Blues Brothers can be seen standing in the doorway at the back of the church, a nod to the film of the same name.


The film's soundtrack was released in conjunction with the film, and contained the musical numbers performed by actors in the film itself, pre-recorded songs that were used as part of the background music, and instrumental music composed by Marc Shaiman for the film. The soundtrack album debuted at #74 and eventually reached #40 on the Billboard Top 200 Albums Chart[7] where it charted for 54 weeks. The album received a Gold certification from the RIAA for shipment of 500,000 copies on January 13, 1993.[8]

  1. "The Lounge Medley" ("(Love Is Like a) Heat Wave"/"My Guy"/"I Will Follow Him") — Deloris & The Ronelles
  2. "The Murder" (instrumental)
  3. "Getting Into the Habit" (instrumental)
  4. "Rescue Me" — Fontella Bass
  5. "Hail Holy Queen" — Deloris & The Sisters
  6. "Roll With Me Henry" — Etta James
  7. "Gravy For My Mashed Potatoes" — Dee Dee Sharp
  8. "My Guy (My God)" — Deloris & The Sisters
  9. "Just a Touch Of Love (Everyday)" — C+C Music Factory
  10. "Deloris Is Kidnapped" (instrumental)
  11. "Nuns to the Rescue" (instrumental)
  12. "Finale: I Will Follow Him ('Chariot')" — Deloris & The Sisters
  13. "Shout" — Deloris & The Sisters & The Ronelles
  14. "If My Sister's in Trouble" — Lady Soul
  • The singing voice for the character of "Mary Robert" was performed by vocalist Andrea Robinson.


The film received a generally positive reception from critics, holding a 71% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 21 reviews.[9]

American Film Institute recognition:

Box office

The film was a box office success, grossing $139,605,150 domestically and $92,000,000 in foreign countries, effectively grossing $231,605,150 worldwide, becoming the eighth-highest grossing film worldwide in 1992. It sat at the #2 spot for four weeks, behind Lethal Weapon 3, Patriot Games and Batman Returns in succession.[2]

Controversy and Lawsuit

On June 10, 1993, actress Donna Douglas and her partner Curt Wilson in Associated Artists Entertainment, Inc., filed a $200 million lawsuit against Disney, Whoopi Goldberg, Bette Midler, their production companies, and Creative Artists Agency claiming the film was plagiarized from a book A Nun in the Closet owned by the partners. Douglas and Wilson claimed that in 1985 they had developed a screenplay for the book. The lawsuit claimed that there were over 100 similarities and plagiarisms between the movie and the book/screenplay owned by Douglas and Wilson. The lawsuit further claimed that the developed screenplay had been submitted to Disney, Goldberg, and Midler three times during 1987 and 1988.[11]

In 1994, Douglas and Wilson declined a $1 million offer in an attempt to win the case. The judge found in favor of Disney and the other defendants. Wilson stated at the time, “They would have had to copy our stuff verbatim for us to prevail.”[12]

In November 2011, a nun named Queen Mother Dr. Delois Blakely filed a lawsuit against the Walt Disney Company and Sony Pictures claiming that "The Harlem Street Nun," an autobiography she wrote in 1987, was the basis for the 1992 film. She alleged that a movie executive expressed an interest in the rights to the movie after she wrote a three-page synopsis. She is suing for "breach of contract, misappropriation of likeness and unjust enrichment." [13] Blakely dropped the original lawsuit in January 2012 to serve a more robust lawsuit in late August 2012 with the New York Supreme Court, asking for $1 billion in damages from Disney.[14][15]

Home media

The Region 1 DVD was released on November 6, 2001; however, the disc has no anamorphic enhancement, similar to early DVDs from Buena Vista. Special Features include the film's theatrical trailer; music videos for "I Will Follow Him" by Deloris and the Sisters, and "If My Sister's in Trouble" by Lady Soul, both of which contain clips from the film; and a featurette titled "Inside Sister Act: The Making Of".

The all-region Blu-ray including both films was released on June 19, 2012 with both films presented in 1080p. The 3-disc set also includes both films on DVD with the same bonus features as previous releases.[16]


A play based on the film plays at The Broadway Theatre in Times Square, Manhattan, beginning in 2011.

The musical

External links

  1. ^ .Sister ActBox Office Information for The Wrap. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  2. ^ a b Sister Act as
  3. ^ a b c Rudnick, Paul (2009-07-20). "Fun With Nuns".  
  4. ^ Sister Act—Trivia
  5. ^ Image
  6. ^ Sisters of St. Joseph of the Third Order of St. Francis
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Sister Act at Rotten Tomatoes
  10. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees
  11. ^ Haring, Bruce (June 10, 1993), $200 mil suit targets 'Sister Act', Variety, retrieved January 2, 2012 
  12. ^ Friend, Tad (September 1998), Copy Cats: Hollywood Stole My Story!, The New Yorker, retrieved January 2, 2012 
  13. ^ Gardner, Eriq (November 10, 2011), Harlem Nun Sues Disney, Sony Claiming They Stole 'Sister Act': File under, "Divine Inspiration.", The Hollywood Reporter, retrieved January 3, 2012 
  14. ^
  15. ^ Shoard, Catherine (November 11, 2011). "'"Nun sues Disney for 'stealing Sister Act. The Guardian (London). 
  16. ^ "Sister Act: 20th Anniversary Edition - Two-Movie Collection (Three-Disc Blu-ray/DVD Combo) (1992)". Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  17. ^ Hernandez, Ernio."Sister Act — Musical Based on Film — Opens World-Premiere Run November 3",, November 2006
  18. ^ Sister Act Sets Pasadena Playhouse Record
  19. ^ "SISTER ACT the Musical listing",, accessed November 27, 2008
  20. ^ Gans, Andrew."Habit Forming: Whoopi Goldberg to Produce London Premiere of Sister Act",, November 13, 2008
  21. ^ Official Website
  22. ^ Sister Act, A Divine Musical Comedy."Sister Act Cast is announced",, 29 January 2009
  23. ^ Spring Awakening, Enron and Red Score Big in Olivier Nominations
  24. ^ West End's Sister Act to Vacate London Palladium Oct. 30; Future Plans Announced
  25. ^ Sister Act The Musical Will Open at the Broadway Theatre in April 2011
  26. ^ SISTER ACT Confirms Broadway for Spring 2011; Zaks to Direct
  27. ^ "It's Official: Douglas Carter Beane Joins 'Sister Act' Team"., February 28, 2011
  28. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Victoria Clark, Fred Applegate, Chester Gregory Will Be Part of Broadway's 'Sister Act' "., February 1, 2011
  29. ^ 2011 Tony Nominations Announced; Book of Mormon Earns 14 Nominations


The musical opened at the Broadway Theatre on April 20, 2011, with previews beginning March 24, 2011.[25] Jerry Zaks directed the Broadway production[26] with Douglas Carter Beane rewriting the book.[27] Patina Miller, who originated the role of Deloris in the West End production, reprised her role, making her Broadway debut. She was later replaced by Raven-Symoné, also making her Broadway debut. The Original Broadway cast featured Victoria Clark (Mother Superior), Fred Applegate (Monsignor), Sarah Bolt (Sister Mary Patrick), Chester Gregory (Eddie), Kingsley Leggs (Curtis), Marla Mindelle (Sister Mary Robert) and Audrie Neenan (Sister Mary Lazarus).[28] The musical received five Tony Award nominations including Best Musical.[29]

The musical then opened in the West End at the London Palladium on June 2, 2009, following previews from May 7. The production was directed by Peter Schneider, produced by Whoopi Goldberg together with the Dutch company Stage Entertainment, and choreographed by Anthony Van Laast, with set design by Klara Zieglerova, costume design by Lez Brotherston and lighting design by Natasha Katz.[20][21] Following a year-long search, 24-year-old actress Patina Miller was cast as Deloris, alongside Sheila Hancock as the Mother Superior, Ian Lavender as Monsignor Howard, Chris Jarman as Shank, Ako Mitchell as Eddie, Katie Rowley Jones as Sister Mary Robert, Claire Greenway as Sister Mary Patrick and Julia Sutton as Sister Mary Lazarus.[22] The musical received four Laurence Olivier Awards nominations including Best Musical.[23] On October 30, 2010 the show played its final performance at the London Palladium and transferred to Broadway.[24]


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