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Storage Module Device

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Title: Storage Module Device  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: History of hard disk drives, Xylogics, Sequent Computer Systems, Sun-2, Sun-1
Collection: Computer Storage Buses, Computer Storage Devices
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Storage Module Device

Storage Module Drive (SMD) was a family of storage devices (hard disk drives) first shipped by Control Data Corporation in December 1973 as the CDC 9760 40 MB (unformatted) storage module disk drive.[1] The CDC 9762 80 MB variant was announced in June 1974[1] and the CDC 9764 150 MB and the CDC 9766 300 MB variants were announced in 1975[1] (all capacities unformatted). A non-removable media variant family of 12, 24 and 48 MB capacity, the MMD, was then announced in 1976.[1] This family's interface, SMD, derived from the earlier Digital RP0x interface, was documented as ANSI Standard X3.91M - 1982, Storage Module Interfaces with Extensions for Enhanced Storage Module Interfaces.

The SMD interface was based upon a definition of two flat interface cables ("A" control and "B" data) which ran from the disk drive to a controller and then to a computer. This interface allowed data to be transferred at 9.6 Mbit/s. The SMD interface was supported by most 8 inch and 14 inch removable and non-removable disk drives. It was mainly implemented on disk drives used with mainframes and minicomputers and was later itself replaced by SCSI.

Control Data shipped its 100,000th SMD drive in July 1981.[2] By 1983 at least 25 manufacturers had supplied SMD drives,[3] including, Ampex, Century Data Systems, CDC, Fujitsu, Hitachi, Micropolis, Pertec, Priam, NEC and Toshiba.

Disk geometry

The CDC 9762 80 MB variant has 5 × 14" platters. The top and bottom platters are guard platters and not used for storage. The top guard platter is exactly the same size as the data platters, and is usually made from a data platter which had too many errors to be usable. The bottom guard platter is very slightly larger than the data platters. The remaining 3 platters give 5 data surfaces and one servo surface for head positioning.

The CDC 9766 300 MB variant has 12 × 14" platters. Again the top and bottom platters are guard platters and not used for storage. The remaining 10 platters give 19 data surfaces and one servo surface for head positioning.

Common to both the 80 MB and 300 MB disks, they have 823 cylinders and the servo surface is on one of the center platters. The sector size and sectors per track depend on how the disk is initialized. 34 sectors of 512 data bytes each per track is the configuration used on the GEC 4000 series minicomputers.

SMD disk packs (as the Storage Module itself was most commonly called) required head alignment to assure interchangeability of media between drives.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Control Data Corporation Newsletter, Summer 1977 Edition, p. 6
  2. ^ Magnetic Peripherals Corp. Magazine, August 10, 1981
  3. ^ 1984 Disk/Trend Report
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