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Tacheng

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Tacheng

Tacheng
塔城市 · شاۋەشەك قالاسى · چۆچەك شەھىرى
County-level city

"Ruins in Chuguchak" by Vasily Vereshchagin (1869)
Location of Tacheng City (pink) in Tacheng Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of Tacheng City (pink) in Tacheng Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Tacheng is located in Xinjiang
Tacheng
Tacheng
Location of the city centre in Xinjiang
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Prefecture Tacheng
Area
 • Total 4,007 km2 (1,547 sq mi)
Population (2003)
 • Total 160,000
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 834700

Tacheng (Qoqek / Sawesek) or Chöchek is a county-level city (1994 est. pop. 56,400) and the administrative seat of Tacheng Prefecture, in northern Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang.

The city was sometimes called Tarbaghatay or Tarbagatai (Mongolian: 'having marmots') and was once known in European languages as Chuguchak (based on its name in Turkic languages). The current Uyghur name is Qöqäk Xäĥri.

It is located in the Dzungarian Basin, some 10 km (6.2 mi) from the Sino-Kazakhstan border. Long a major center for trade with Central Asia, it is an agricultural hub. Its industries include food processing, textiles, and utilities.

The city suffered much destruction in 1865, during the fighting between the Qing forces and the Dungan and Uyghur rebels.

Border crossing

The Bakhtu border crossing into Kazakhstan is located 17 km (11 mi) from Tacheng. The checkpoint on the Kazakh side of the border is also known as Bakhty and is located 60 km (37 mi) from Makanchi in East Kazakhstan province. The border has been closed since 2009 for traffic both ways.

Climate

Climate data for Tacheng (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −4.1
(24.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
4.1
(39.4)
17.0
(62.6)
23.4
(74.1)
28.4
(83.1)
30.8
(87.4)
29.9
(85.8)
24.1
(75.4)
15.0
(59)
4.3
(39.7)
−2
(28)
14.05
(57.29)
Average low °C (°F) −15.6
(3.9)
−14.1
(6.6)
−7
(19)
3.6
(38.5)
9.2
(48.6)
13.6
(56.5)
15.7
(60.3)
14.1
(57.4)
8.5
(47.3)
1.9
(35.4)
−5.6
(21.9)
−12
(10)
1.03
(33.85)
Precipitation mm (inches) 16.5
(0.65)
14.4
(0.567)
15.6
(0.614)
32.4
(1.276)
31.7
(1.248)
24.5
(0.965)
29.8
(1.173)
16.3
(0.642)
14.0
(0.551)
26.9
(1.059)
34.3
(1.35)
25.9
(1.02)
282.3
(11.115)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.9 8.5 9.3 8.2 9.4 7.9 8.4 6.3 6.0 7.5 10.0 9.7 100.1
Source: Weather China
Tacheng
Chinese name
Chinese 塔城市
Uyghur name
Uyghur
چۆچەك شەھىرى
Kazakh name
Kazakh شاۋەشەك
Шәуешек
Şäweşek

References

  • Khālidī, Qurbanʻali, Allen J. Frank, and Mirkasym Abdulakhatovich Usmanov. An Islamic Biographical Dictionary of the Eastern Kazakh Steppe, 1770-1912. Brill's Inner Asian library, v. 12. Leiden: Brill, 2004.
  • Light, Nathan. "Qazaqs in the People's Republic of China: The Local Processes of History". Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana Center on Global Change and World Peace, Occasional Paper No. 22, June 1994. ISBN 1-881157-24-5.
  • Light, Nathan. "Kazakhs of the Tarbaghatai: Ethno-History Through a Novel". The Turkish Studies Association Bulletin, 17/2 (1993): 91-102.
  • Saguchi Toru. "Kazak Pastoralists on the Tarbaghatai Frontier under the Ch'ing." In: Proceedings of the International Conference on China Border Area Studies. Lin En-hsien [Lin Enxian], ed. Taipei: National Chengchi University, 1985, pp. 953–996.
  • Wiens, Herold J. "Change in the Ethnography and Land Use of the Ili Valley and Region, Chinese Turkestan". Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 59, No. 4. (Dec., 1969), pp. 753–775.

External links

  • Map of the City of Tacheng (Chinese)
  • Webpage on the Bakktu border crossing in Xinjiang's Land Ports and Border Trade website
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