World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Telecommunications in Togo

Telecommunications in Togo include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

Contents

  • Radio and television 1
  • Telephone 2
  • Internet 3
    • Internet censorship and surveillance 3.1
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Radio and television

Radio stations: state-owned radio network with multiple stations; several dozen private radio stations and a few community radio stations; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are available (2007).[1]

Television stations: two state-owned TV stations with multiple transmission sites; 5 private TV stations broadcast locally; cable TV service is available (2007).[1]

Private media in Togo have proliferated, with dozens of commercial and community radios and a handful of private TV stations in operation. Radio is the most popular medium, particularly in rural areas. The main TV station is the government-owned Television Togolaise.[2]

The radio services of the BBC World Service, Gabon's Africa No. 1, and Radio France Internationale (RFI) are all available.[2]

Telephone

Calling code: +228[1]

International call prefix: 00[3]

Main lines:

  • 225,000 lines in use, 127th in the world (2012);[4]
  • 213,800 lines in use, 126th in the world (2010).[1]

Mobile cellular:

  • 3.5 million lines, 124th in the world (2012);[4]
  • 2.5 million lines, 129th in the world (2010).[1]

Telephone system: fair system based on network of microwave radio relay routes supplemented by open-wire lines and cellular system; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 50 telephones per 100 persons with mobile-cellular use predominating (2010).[1]

Satellite earth stations: 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1 Symphonie (2010).[1]

Communications cables: West Africa Cable System (WACS), a submarine cable linking countries along the west coast of Africa with each other and with Portugal and the United Kingdom;[5] GLO-1 which links countries along the west coast of Africa to each other and to Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.[6]

Internet

Top-level domain: .tg[1]

Internet users:

  • 278,442 users, 144th in the world; 4.0% of the population, 191st in the world (2012);[7][8]
  • 356,300 users, 123rd in the world (2009).[1]

Fixed broadband: 5,560 subscriptions, 158th in the world; 0.1% of the population, 170th in the world (2012).[7][9]

Wireless broadband: 47,892 subscribers, 125th in the world; 0.7% of the population, 135th in the world (2012).[10]

Internet hosts:

  • 1,168 hosts, 170th in the world (2012);[4]
  • 1,165 hosts, 169th in the world (2011).[1]

IPv4: 13,312 addresses allocated, less than 0.05% of the world total, 1.9 addresses per 1000 people (2012).[11][12]

Internet censorship and surveillance

There are no known government restrictions on access to the Internet or reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without judicial oversight. Although the constitution provides for freedom of speech and press, the government restricts these rights.[13]

The constitution and law prohibit arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, and the government generally respects these prohibitions. In criminal cases a judge or senior police official may authorize searches of private residences. Citizens believe the government monitors telephones and correspondence, although such surveillance has not been confirmed.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Communications: Togo", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (via the Internet Archive), 1 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Togo profile", BBC News, 28 March 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  3. ^ Dialing Procedures (International Prefix, National (Trunk) Prefix and National (Significant) Number) (in Accordance with ITY-T Recommendation E.164 (11/2010)), Annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 994-15.XII.2011, International Telecommunication Union (ITU, Geneva), 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "Communications: Togo", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 28 January 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  5. ^ "WACS: West Africa Cable System", Tata Communications. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Glo Mobile to expand West Africa fibre network", IT Web Africa, 20 January 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  7. ^ a b Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
  8. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  9. ^ "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  11. ^ Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
  12. ^ Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Togo", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 22 March 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2014.

External links

  • CAFE (French), C.A.F.E. Informatique et Telecommunications.
  • NetMaster.tg (French), by NIC.tg.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.