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Telephone numbers in Japan

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Telephone numbers in Japan

Japan telephone numbers
Country Japan
Continent Asia
Type closed
Typical format 0XX-XXX-XXXX
Access codes
Country calling code +81
International call prefix 010
Trunk prefix 0

Telephone numbers in Japan consist of an area code, an exchange number, and a subscriber number.

Dialing prefixes

  • 001 and 00xx Carrier selection prefix
  • 184 Prefix to withhold caller ID
  • 186 Prefix to provide caller ID

Types of numbers

 1xx    Special numbers
 001 and 00xx   Carrier selection codes
 0x     2-digit geographic area codes
 0xx    3-digit geographic area codes
 0xxx   4-digit geographic area codes
 0xxxx  5-digit geographic area codes
 0x0    3-digit non-Geographic area codes (excluding 010)
 0xx0   4-digit non-Geographic area codes (01x0, 0570, 0800, 0910, 0990)

Length of numbers

  • Special numbers are three digits long
  • Geographic numbers are 10 digits long
  • 0x0 Non-geographic numbers are 10 -or- 11 digits long.
  • 0xx0 Non-geographic numbers are 10 digits long

Three-digit numbers (special numbers)

Emergency services

 110  Police
 118  Maritime emergencies
 119  Ambulance, Fire brigade
 171  Earthquake assistance

Operator services

 100  NTT operator
 106  Operator assisted collect call service
 108  Automated collect call service
 113  NTT technical faults hotline
 116  NTT customer service and general enquiries

Directory services

 104  NTT national directory enquiries
 0057 KDDI international directory enquiries

Special services

 114  Automated number-busy check
 115  Telegram service
 117  Speaking clock
 136  Information on last incoming call
 177  Weather forecast

Long distance carrier selection (Myline)

 001   KDDI (international)
 0033  NTT Communications
 0036  NTT East
 0037  Fusion Communications
 0039  NTT West
 0041  SoftBank Telecom (international / former Japan Telecom)
 0053  KDDI (Resold)
 0056  KDDI (international)
 0061  SoftBank Telecom (international / former Cable and Wireless IDC)
 0066  SoftBank Telecom (international / former Cable and Wireless IDC)
 0071  Verizon Japan
 0077  KDDI (national)
 0080  T-Systems
 0081  Fusion Communications (former TTNet)
 0088  SoftBank Telecom (national / former Japan Telecom)
 0089  T-Systems
 0091  Brastel

10 digit numbers

Non-geographic area codes

 0120 NTT Freedial, toll free services
 0130 Automated information services
 0140 Disaster relief wireless communications
 0160 Disaster relief satellite communications
 0170 NTT Dengon Dial, chat line services
 0180 NTT Telegong, TV/Radio show feedback dial-in
 0180 NTT Teledome, automated information services
 0190 NTT Angel Line, automated directory services via PC/modem
 0190 NTT Annai Jozu, automated directory services via telephone
 0570 Navi Dial
 0800 Other toll free services
 020  Paging services
 030  Mobile telephony services (legacy systems, PDC, J-CDMA, UMTS) - currently not used
 040  Mobile telephony services (legacy systems, PDC, J-CDMA, UMTS) - currently not used
 050  IP telephony service (via internet service providers)
 0570 Navi Dial, non-geographic wireline
 060  Universal personal number services
 070  Mobile telephony and data services (PHS)
 0701  Mobile telephony and data services (PDC, J-CDMA, UMTS)
 080  Mobile telephony and data services (PDC, J-CDMA, UMTS)
 090  Mobile telephony and data services (PDC, J-CDMA, UMTS)
 0910 Private circuit access, local rate services
 0990 NTT DialQ2, premium rate services

Decommissioned area codes

 0150 formerly used for maritime wireless communications
 0450 formerly used for maritime wireless communications
 0750 formerly used for maritime wireless communications

Area codes (市外局番 "shigai-kyokuban") of selected major cities

 11  Sapporo
 13-8 Hakodate
 16-6 Asahikawa
 17-7 or 172 Aomori
 18-8 Akita
 19-6 Morioka
 22  Sendai
 23-6 Yamagata
 24-5 Fukushima
 24-6 Iwaki
 24-9 Kōriyama
 25  Niigata 
 26  Nagano
 27-2 Maebashi
 27-3 Takasaki
 28-6 Utsunomiya
 3   Tokyo (23 Special wards), Komae
 4-29 Tokorozawa
 4-70 Kamogawa
 4-71 Kashiwa
 42-6 Hachiōji
 42-7 Machida, Sagamihara
 43  Chiba
 44  Kawasaki
 45  Yokohama
 46-6 Fujisawa
 46-8 Yokosuka
 47-3 Ichikawa, Matsudo
 47-4 (473 for west part of the city) Funabashi
 48-2 Kawaguchi
 48-6 or 48-7 or 48-8 Saitama
 48-9 Soka, Koshigaya
 49  Kawagoe
 52  Nagoya
 53  Hamamatsu
 53-2 Toyohashi
 54  Shizuoka
 55  Kofu
 56-4 Okazaki
 56-5 Toyota
 56-8 Kasugai
 56-9 Handa
 58  Gifu
 58-6 Ichinomiya
 59-2 Tsu, Yokkaichi
 6   Osaka, Higashiōsaka, Suita, Toyonaka, Amagasaki
 72-2 Sakai
 72-6 Takatsuki
 72-8 Hirakata
 73  Wakayama
 74-2 or 74-3 Nara
 75  Kyoto
 76-2 Kanazawa
 76-4 Toyama
 76-8 Suzu
 77-5 Ōtsu
 77-6 Fukui
 78  Kobe
 79-0 Kasai
 79-2 or 79-3 Himeji
 79-4 Kakogawa
 79-7 or 79-8 Nishinomiya, Takarazuka
 82  Hiroshima
 83-2 or 83-4 Shimonoseki
 83-9 Yamaguchi
 84  Fukuyama
 85-2 Matsue
 85-7 Tottori
 86-2 or 86-9 Okayama
 86-4 or 86-5 Kurashiki
 87 Takamatsu
 88-6 Tokushima
 88-8 Kochi
 89 Matsuyama
 92  Fukuoka
 93  Kitakyushu
 942 Kurume
 95-8 Nagasaki
 95-2 Saga
 95-6 Sasebo
 96  Kumamoto
 97  Ōita
 98-8 or 98-9  Naha
 98-1 or 98-5 Miyazaki
 99  Kagoshima

Geographic numbers are nine digits long, including the area code, but not including the leading zero. Consequently, densely populated areas have shorter area codes, while less populated areas have longer area codes. For example:

  • 6 xxxx xxxx (Osaka)
  • 75 xxx xxxx (Kyoto)
  • 74-2 xx xxxx (Nara)
  • 49-92 x xxxx (Niijima island, Tokyo pref.)
  • 82-486 xxxx (Takano, Hiroshima pref.)

Area codes increase from north to south; Sapporo in Hokkaidō (the northernmost prefecture) has 11, and Setouchi's 99-73 is far to the south in Kagoshima. When the telephone system was devised, Okinawa was still under U.S. occupation, so when it was returned to Japan in 1972, its telephone numbers were squeezed between Miyazaki (98x) and Kagoshima (99x) and begin with 988, 989, and 980.

During the 1990s, when plans were being drawn up to amalgamate mid-sized cities and towns into larger municipalities, telephone numbering systems were merged in advance. For example,

  • 7442 x xxxx Kashihara (Nara prefecture)
  • 7444 x xxxx Sakurai
  • 74452 xxxx Takatori
  • 74454 xxxx Asuka etc.


  • 744 2x xxxx Kashihara
  • 744 4x xxxx Sakurai
  • 744 52 xxxx Takatori
  • 744 54 xxxx Asuka etc.

Many of these towns have in fact refused to merge, leaving callers with more digits to dial when making local calls. This is partially balanced by not having to dial an area code for the neighboring city.

See also

External links


  • ITU allocations list
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