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Tooth socket

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Tooth socket

Dental alveolus
Alveola of the second premolar tooth in a bovine maxillary bone.
Latin alveolus dentalis
Gray's subject #242 1124
Artery Anterior superior alveolar arteries, Posterior superior alveolar artery, Inferior alveolar artery
Nerve Anterior superior alveolar nerve, Posterior superior alveolar nerve, Inferior alveolar nerve
MeSH Tooth+socket

Dental alveolus (plural, alveoli) are sockets in the jaws in which the roots of teeth are held in the alveolar process of maxilla with the periodontal ligament. The lay term for dental alveoli is tooth sockets. A joint that connects the roots of the teeth and the alveolus is called gomphosis (plural gomphoses).Alveolar bone is the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth forming bone sockets a.k.a alveolus.

In mammals, tooth sockets are found in the maxilla, the premaxilla and the mandible.


The swelling of the dental alveoli can result in alveolitis, causing pain and discomfort to the mouth.


  • National Institute of Health, CRISP Database
  • Merck Manual dictionary

External links

  • eMedicine Dictionary
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