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Trans-Manhattan Expressway

Interstate 95 marker U.S. Route 1 marker

Trans-Manhattan Expressway
Route information
Maintained by PANYNJ
Length: 0.8 mi (1.3 km)
Existed: 1962 – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑95 / US 1-9 in Fort Washington Park
  US 9 / NY 9A / Henry Hudson Parkway in Fort Washington Park
Harlem River Drive in Highbridge Park
East end: I-95 / US 1 in Highbridge Park
Location
Counties: New York
Highway system

The Trans-Manhattan Expressway is an east–west high-rise Bridge Apartments built over the expressway create Intermittent tunnels. It is operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.[3]

Contents

  • Route description 1
  • History 2
  • Exit list 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Route description

Road and apartments

At its western end the Trans-Manhattan Expressway is part of I-95, Fort Washington Park, connecting with the Henry Hudson Parkway (New York State Route 9A or NY 9A) at the park's eastern edge near Riverside Drive and 168th Street.[4] The route continues on, crossing the Manhattan neighborhood of Washington Heights in a cut flanked by 178th Street to the south and 179th Street to the north. Roughly midway across Manhattan, US 9 leaves the freeway to follow Broadway northward toward the Bronx and Westchester County. Proceeding eastward, the road has several ramps that connect to the Harlem River Drive and the expressway's original Harlem river crossing, the Washington Bridge (now carrying 181st Street local traffic over the Harlem River). At Highbridge Park the roadway crosses Alexander Hamilton Bridge to the Bronx, where it becomes the Cross Bronx Expressway.

History

The TME replaced tunnels under 178th and 179th Streets as the crosstown route. They are now used as storage by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ).[5]

Announced in 1957, the expressway was built in conjunction with addition of the lower level of the bridge.[6] Originally known as the George Washington Bridge Expressway,[7] the highway was originally planned as an open cut between 178th and 179th Streets, traversed by overpasses carrying the major north–south avenues in upper Manhattan. The City of New York approved the creation of the highway in June 1957 as part of a joint effort with the PANYNJ that also called for the creation of the lower deck on the George Washington Bridge and construction of the

  1. ^ a b Heller, Susan; Dunlap, David W. (August 25, 1986). "NEW YORK DAY BY DAY; Big Name And Short Road". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  2. ^ "New York State Department of Transportation Traffic Volume Report 2011 - Page 80" (PDF). September 25, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "6.12: ROADWAY OPEN CUTS: 6.12: ROADWAY OPEN MANHATTAN" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. Retrieved 2015-02-10. 
  4. ^ See photos on Google Streets here and here
  5. ^ Anderson, Steve. "Trans-Manhattan Expressway (I-95, US 1 and US 9)". NYCRoads. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  6. ^ Ingraham, Joseph C. (February 18, 1957). "NEW BRIDGE LINKS PLANNED UPTOWN; Double Decking of George Washington Span to Bring Vast Changes in Area NEW BRIDGE LINKS PLANNED UPTOWN For 60 Million Vehicles a Year To Add Supplemental Links". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  7. ^ Ingraham, Joseph C. (January 1, 1961). "Around the Town: New York City's System of Bypasses is Beginning to Take Shape".  
  8. ^ Bennett, Charles G. (June 14, 1957). "CITY VOTES CHANGE IN HUDSON BRIDGE; Port Agency Gets Go-Ahead for $183,000,000 Work on George Washington Span BRIDGE CHANGES APPROVED BY CITY". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved December 3, 2008. 
  9. ^ Ingraham, Joseph C (April 23, 1959). "Relocation Is Almost Completed Near George Washington Bridge". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  10. ^ "STREETS TO BE RAISED; Girders to Be Placed Today to Span Bridge Approach". The New York Times. December 14, 1959. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  11. ^ Ingraham, Joseph C. (August 30, 1962). "Lower Deck of George Washington Bridge Is Opened". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved April 4, 2010. 
  12. ^ Nick Ravo (December 9, 1999). "Marvin Kratter, 84; Once Owned Ebbets Field".  
  13. ^ Chen, David (June 18, 2004). "Life on the Road; Learning to Sleep as Trucks Roar Through Basement". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  14. ^ "2007 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF).  

References

See also

Location mi[14] km Old exit New exit Destinations Notes
Hudson River 0.00 0.00 I‑95 south / US 1-9 south / US 46 west – New Jersey Continuation into New Jersey; eastern terminus of US 46
George Washington Bridge
Fort Washington Park 0.55 0.89 1 NY 9A / Henry Hudson Parkway / West 181st Street Signed as exit 1A southbound; northern terminus of
concurrency with US 9; southbound exit and northbound entrance to US 9
0.84 1.35 US 9 north (West 178th Street)
Washington Heights Tunnel underneath the Amsterdam Avenue Apartments
Highbridge Park 1.16 1.87 1B 2 Harlem River Drive to FDR Drive – Manhattan
Amsterdam Avenue / University Avenue
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Harlem River 1.38 2.22 Alexander Hamilton Bridge
I-95 north / US 1 north (Cross Bronx Expressway) – New Haven, CT Continuation into the Bronx
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

The entire route is in the New York City borough of Manhattan.

Exit list

[13] Local traffic reporters frequently refer to congestion "under the Apartments" during morning and evening rush hours.[12] bult four high-rise apartment buildings over the expressway. The 32-story buildings are among the first aluminum-sheathed high-rise structures built in the world.Marvin Kratter After purchasing the air rights in 1961 [3] The expressway was one of the first to use

. East Side on the Harlem River Drive and the Amsterdam Avenue of Manhattan, and to and from West Side on the Riverside Drive and Henry Hudson Parkway The Trans-Manhattan Expressway provides access to and from the [11] The Trans-Manhattan Expressway, with three lanes of traffic heading in each direction to and from each deck of the

[10] were place in December 1959.St. Nicholas Avenue and Wadsworth Avenue and Broadway passing under open cut Overpasses over the [9] The projects required demolish of numerous buildings and the relocation of 1,824 families.[1]

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