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Velar ejective

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Title: Velar ejective  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of consonants, Velar stop, Voiceless velar stop, Shapsug Adyghe dialect, Velar consonant
Collection: Ejectives, Velar Consonants
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Velar ejective

Velar ejective
IPA number 109 + 401
Entity (decimal) k​ʼ
Unicode (hex) U+006B U+02BC
Kirshenbaum k`

The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is .


  • Features 1
  • Occurrence 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Bibliography 5


Features of the velar ejective:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz акы [akʼə] 'one'
Adyghe Temirgoy шкӏэ     'calf'
Shapsug кӏьапсэ     'rope' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
Archi кIан [kʼan] 'bottom'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] կեղծ [kʼɛʁt͡sʼ] 'false' Corresponds to tenuis [k⁼] in other Eastern dialects.
English[2][3] Non-local Dublin[4] back [bakʼ] 'back' Allophone of /k/ for some speakers.[4]
Northern English[5][6][7][8] Pre-pausal allophone of /k/ for some speakers;[5][7] may be somewhat palatalised.[5] See English phonology
Southern English[4][5][6][7]
Scottish[9] Occasional word-final allophone of /k/.[9]
Georgian აბა [kʼaba] 'dress'
Haida ttsanskkaagid [tsʼanskʼaːkit] 'beams'
Hausa ƙoƙari [kʼòːkʼɐ̄ɾī] 'effort'
Kabardian Baslaney кӏьэ     'tail' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
Lezgian кIир [kʼir] 'fang'

See also


  1. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:17–18)
  2. ^ Wells & Colson (1971:3)
  3. ^ "Ejectives in English | Linguism | Linguistics, Pronunciation and Phonetics". 21 August 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "Glossary". Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d "John Wells's phonetic blog: ejectives in English". 8 December 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Cruttenden (2008:167)
  7. ^ a b c Wells (1982:261)
  8. ^ Gimson (1970:34)
  9. ^ a b Gordeeva & Scobbie (2006)


  • Cruttenden, Alan, ed. (2008), Gimson's Pronunciation of English (7th ed.), London: Hodder,  
  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company 
  • Gordeeva, Olga; Scobbie, James M. (2006), Phonetic Conditioning of Word-final Ejective Stops in the Speechfinal Ejective Stops in the Speech of Scottish English Pre-school Children (PDF), Edinburg: Speech Science Research Centre, Queen Margaret University College 
  • Wells, John C.; Colson, Greta (1971), Practical Phonetics, London: Pitman,  
  • Wells, John C. (1982), Accents of English I: An Introduction, Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press,  
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