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Volodymyr Viatrovych

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Volodymyr Viatrovych

Volodymyr Viatrovych
Volodymyr Viatrovych with a copy of his book Друга польсько-українська війна

Volodymyr Viatrovych (Ukrainian: Володи́мир В'ятро́вич; born 7 July 1977) is a Ukrainian historian researching the Ukrainian independence movement. Director of Ukrainian Institute of National Remembrance from 25 March 2014.[1] Candidate of Sciences in historical sciences, director of Center for Research of Liberation Movement in Lviv, member of supervisory board of Museum "Lontskyi Prison"; in years 2008-2010 director of the Archives of the Security Service of Ukraine.[2] Since 2010 he gives lectures at the Ukrainian Research Institute at Harvard University.[3]

Publications

Monographs

  • Sotennyi "Burlaka" (Сотенний "Бурлака", Lieutenant "Burlaka") (2000)
  • Rejdy UPA terenamy Chekhoslovachchyny (Рейди УПА теренами Чехословаччини, Raids of the UPA on the territories of Czechoslovakia) (Lviv, 2001)
  • Armiia bezsmertnykh. Povstans'ki svitlyny (Армія безсмертних. Повстанські світлини, The army of immortals. Insurgents in images) (Lviv, 2002)
  • Stavlennia OUN do ievreiv: formuvannia pozycii na tli katastrofi (Ставлення ОУН до євреїв: формування позиції на тлі катастрофи, The OUN's position towards the Jews: Formulation of a position against the backdrop of a catastrophe) (Lviv, 2006)
  • Pol'sko-ukrains'ki stosunky v 1942-1947 rokakh u dokumentakh OUN ta UPA (Польсько-українські стосунки в 1942—1947 роках у документах ОУН та УПА, The Polish-Ukrainian relations in the years 1942-1947 in documents of the OUN and UPA) (ed.) (Lviv, 2011)
  • Druha pol'sko-ukrains'ka viina. 1942-1947 (Друга польсько-українська війна. 1942—1947, The Second Polish-Ukrainian war. 1942-1947) (Kiev, 2011; expended edition: 2012)
  • Istoriia z hryfom "Sekretno" (Історія з грифом "Секретно", History under the seal "Classified information") (Kiev, 2011)
  • Istoriia z hryfom "Sekretno": Novi siuzhety (Історія з грифом "Секретно": Нові сюжети, History under the seal "Classified information": New approaches) (Kiev, 2012)

Collective works

  • V. Viatrovych, R. Hryc'kiv, I. Derevianyi, R. Zabilyi, A. Sova, P.Sodol': Ukrains'ka Povstans'ka Armiia: istoriia neskorenykh. Lviv 2008. (В. В’ятрович, Р. Грицьків, І. Дерев’яний, Р. Забілий, А. Сова, П. Содоль. Українська Повстанська Армія: історія нескорених. The Ukrainian Insurgent Army: history of the undefeated) (digital version)

Decorations

Critique

Volodymyr Viatrovych's book about the rallies of Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) in Czechoslovakia touched little explored area and Grzegorz Motyka states that this work has been appreciated.[5]

His book "Ставлення ОУН до євреїв: формування позиції на тлі катастрофи" ("The OUN's position towards the Jews: Formulation of a position against the backdrop of a catastrophe") has been criticized by Jews and to dismiss the allegations of its anti-Semitism.[3][7][8] In the opinion of Kurylo and Himka, this work does less to understanding history, but does much to distort it, however it contains an interesting material and forms the basis for further discussions on the relationship of the OUN and UPA to Jews.[9]

The book "Друга польсько-українська війна. 1942—1947" ("The Second Polish-Ukrainian war. 1942-1947") was met with criticism from historians Ihor Ilyushyn,[10] Andrij Portnov,[11] Grzegorz Motyka,[12][13] Andrzej Zięba,[14] Per Anders Rudling,[15] Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe,[7] Andrzej Leon Sowa[16] and Grzegorz Hryciuk.[17] In the book V.Viatrovych presented his interpretation of the Polish-Ukrainian conflict during the years 1939-1947, including massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia, as a war between Poles and Ukrainians. According to Portnov, Viatrovych tries to prove that there was no order of OUN’s leadership for the extermination of the Polish minority, and the killings in Volhynia were a spontaneous rebellion of Ukrainian peasants, provoked by the Poles.[18] According to Motyka, Viatrovych achieves this goal by rhetorical devices and by ignoring inconvenient facts.[19] According to Andrzej Zięba, the book passes over or outright falsifies certain materials in aim to "absolve" OUN-UPA and to rally Ukrainians around nationalist positions.[20] Also Andrii Portnov argues that the aim of the book serves UPA apologetics and political motives.[18]

The critics of the book claim that by using word "war" in regard to relations between Poles and Ukrainians the author tries to hide the OUN-UPA's ethnic cleansing of the Polish population.[21][22] According to Rossoliński-Liebe and Rudling, the way Viatrovych denies crimes against Poles differs little from his denial of anti-Jewish violence.[7][22] Rudling recommends "The Second Polish-Ukrainian war" to the readers only as an object of comparative studies of far-right revisionism and obfuscation.[22] In the opinion of Hryciuk, the version of the events presented in the book is untrue.[23]

Motyka states that the book is gaining in value in the section on the SS-Galizien Division and the fate of the Ukrainian population in Poland in the years 1945-1947.[24] However, as a whole he considers it as unsuccessful work.[25] A similar position is expressed by Sowa.[26]

Portnov notes that "The Second Polish-Ukrainian war" was met in Ukraine with enthusiasm and without critical opinions.[27]

Literature

  • Per Anders Rudling: The OUN, the UPA and the Holocaust: A Study in the Manufacturing of Historical Myths. The Carl Beck Papers in Russian & East European Studies, No. 2107, November 2011, ISSN 0889-275X, p. 28-30 [1]

References

  1. ^ The New Director of the Ukrainian National Memory Institute: Historical Memory Policy is a Safeguard Against Repeating the Crimes of the Past
  2. ^ Українська Повстанська Армія: історія нескоренихAuthors of the book
  3. ^ a b c Per A. Rudling, The OUN, the UPA and the Holocaust: A Study in the Manufacturing of Historical Myths, The Carl Beck Papers in Russian & East European Studies, No. 2107, November 2011, ISSN 0889-275X, pp.28-31
  4. ^ President of Ukraine Decree No. 1100/2009 «Про відзначення державними нагородами України»
  5. ^ Гжегож Мотыка, Неудачная книга, Ab Imperio, 1/2012, p.388. Polish online version.
  6. ^ Taras Kuryło, John-Paul Himka, “Iak OUN stavylasia do ievreiv? Rozdumy nad knyzhkoiu Volodymyra Viatrovycha”, Ukraina Moderna 13 (2008), pp.252-265 [2]
  7. ^ a b c d Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe, Debating, obfuscating and disciplining the Holocaust: post-Soviet historical discourses on the OUN–UPA and other nationalist movements, East European Jewish Affairs, 42:3, pp. 207-208
  8. ^ Taras Kuryło, John-Paul Himka, “Iak OUN stavylasia do ievreiv?..., p.265
  9. ^ Taras Kuryło, John-Paul Himka, “Iak OUN stavylasia do ievreiv?..., p.264
  10. ^ Игорь Ильюшин, Плохо забытое старое: о новой книге Владимира Вятровича, Ab Imperio, 1/2012, pp.382-385
  11. ^ Андрей Портнов, "Истории для домашнего употребления", Ab Imperio 3/12, p.324-334
  12. ^ Гжегож Мотыка, Неудачная книга, Ab Imperio, 1/2012, pp.387-400.
  13. ^ Grzegorz Motyka, W krainie uproszczeń, Nowa Europa Wschodnia 1/2013, pp. 97-101 Ukrainian online version
  14. ^ Анджей Земба, Мифологизированная “война”, Ab Imperio, 1/2012, pp. 403-421
  15. ^ Per Anders Rudling, Warfare or War Criminality?, Volodymyr V’iatrovych, Druha pol’s’ko-ukains’ka viina, 1942–1947 (Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim “Kyevo-Mohylians’ka akademiia,” 2011). 228 pp., Ab Imperio, 1/2012, pp. 356-381
  16. ^ Andrzej Leon Sowa, recenzja książek: Polśko-ukrajinśki stosunki w 1942-1947 rokach u dokumentach OUN ta UPA, red. Wołodymyr Wiatrowycz oraz Wołodymyr Wiatrowycz, Druha polśko-ukrajinśka wijna 1942-1947, [in:] „Pamięć i Sprawiedliwość”, nr 21, pp. 450-460. [3]
  17. ^ Grzegorz Hryciuk, recenzja książki: Wołodymyr Wiatrowycz, Druha polśko-ukrajinśka wijna 1942-1947, [in:] „Pamięć i Sprawiedliwość” nr 21, pp. 460-471 [4]
  18. ^ a b Андрей Портнов, "Истории для домашнего употребления", p.327
  19. ^ Гжегож Мотыка, Неудачная книга, pp. 389, 392, 399
  20. ^ Анджей Земба, Мифологизированная “война”, pp. 405, 419
  21. ^ Гжегож Мотыка, Неудачная книга, pp. 399
  22. ^ a b c Per Anders Rudling, Warfare or War Criminality?..., p.379
  23. ^ Grzegorz Hryciuk, recenzja książki..., p. 471
  24. ^ Гжегож Мотыка, Неудачная книга, p. 399
  25. ^ Гжегож Мотыка, Неудачная книга, p.400.
  26. ^ Andrzej Leon Sowa, recenzja książek..., p.459
  27. ^ Андрей Портнов, "Истории для домашнего употребления", p. 326

External links

  • G. Motyka, A failed book
  • Answer to Motyka
  • Jared McBride. How Ukraine’s New Memory Commissar Is Controlling the Nation’s Past. The Nation
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