World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

X-Men Origins: Wolverine

Article Id: WHEBN0002982688
Reproduction Date:

Title: X-Men Origins: Wolverine  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

X-Men Origins: Wolverine

X-Men Origins: Wolverine
A man with grizzly hair wearing a tank top shirt, with three metal claws in front of his face. Below his chin is the title
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Gavin Hood
Produced by
Screenplay by
Based on Wolverine 
by Roy Thomas
Len Wein
John Romita, Sr.
Music by Harry Gregson-Williams
Cinematography Donald McAlpine
Edited by
  • Nicolas De Toth
  • Megan Gill
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release dates
  • April 9, 2009 (2009-04-09) (Sydney Premiere)
  • May 1, 2009 (2009-05-01) (United States)
Running time
107 minutes
Country United States[1][2]
Language English
Budget $150 million[3]
Box office $373 million[3]

X-Men Origins: Wolverine is a 2009 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics fictional character Wolverine, distributed by 20th Century Fox. It is the fourth installment in the X-Men film series. The film was directed by Gavin Hood, written by David Benioff and Skip Woods, and produced by and starring Hugh Jackman. It co-stars Liev Schreiber, Danny Huston, Dominic Monaghan, and Ryan Reynolds. The film is a prequel/spin-off focusing on the violent past of the mutant Wolverine and his relationship with his half-brother Victor Creed. The plot details Wolverine's childhood as James Howlett (Troye Sivan), his early encounters with Major William Stryker, his time with Team X, and the bonding of Wolverine's skeleton with the indestructible metal adamantium during the Weapon X program.

The film was mostly shot in Australia and New Zealand, with Canada also serving as a location. Production and post-production were troubled, with delays due to the weather and Jackman's other commitments, an incomplete screenplay that was still being written in Los Angeles while principal photography rolled in Australia, conflicts arising between director Hood and Fox's executives, and an unfinished workprint being leaked on the Internet one month before the film's debut.

X-Men Origins: Wolverine was released worldwide on May 1, 2009, opening at the top of the box office and grossing $179 million in the United States and Canada and over $373 million worldwide. Reviews were generally negative, with critics considering the film uninspired, criticizing its screenplay and poorly produced CGI but praising Jackman's performance. Jackman himself confessed to being unhappy with the final result of the film. Another Wolverine film entitled The Wolverine was released in 2013.


  • Plot 1
  • Cast 2
  • Production 3
    • Development 3.1
    • Filming 3.2
    • Effects 3.3
    • Music 3.4
  • Release 4
    • Leaked workprint 4.1
    • Marketing 4.2
    • Video game 4.3
    • Theatrical run 4.4
    • Home media 4.5
  • Reception 5
  • Related films 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


In 1845, James Howlett, a boy living in Canada, sees his father being killed by groundskeeper Thomas Logan. The trauma activates the boy's mutation: bone claws protrude from his knuckles, and he kills Thomas, who reveals that he is James's real father. James flees along with Thomas's son Victor Creed, who is thus James's half-brother. They spend the next century as soldiers, fighting in the American Civil War, both World Wars, and the Vietnam War. In Vietnam, Victor kills a senior officer. James defends Victor and the two are sentenced to execution by firing squad, which they survive. Major William Stryker approaches them in military custody, and offers them membership in Team X, a group of mutants including Agent Zero, Wade Wilson, John Wraith, Fred Dukes, and Chris Bradley. They join the team for a few years, but the group's disregard for human life causes James to leave.

Six years later, James, now using the alias Logan, works as a lumberjack in Canada, where he lives with his girlfriend Kayla Silverfox. Stryker and Zero approach Logan at work. Stryker reports that Wade and Bradley have been killed, and he thinks someone is targeting the team's members. Logan refuses to rejoin Stryker, but after finding Kayla's bloodied body in the woods, Logan realizes Victor is responsible. He finds him at a local bar, but Logan loses the subsequent fight. Afterward, Stryker explains that Victor has gone rogue, and offers Logan a way to become strong enough to get his revenge. Logan undergoes a painful operation to reinforce his skeleton with adamantium, a virtually indestructible metal. Once the procedure is complete, Stryker attempts to betray Logan by ordering that his memory be erased. Logan overhears this and escapes to a nearby farm, where an elderly couple take him in. Zero kills them the following morning and tries to kill Logan. Logan brings down Zero's helicopter, killing him, and swears to kill both Stryker and Victor.

Logan locates John and Fred at a boxing club. Fred explains that Victor is still working for Stryker, hunting down mutants for Stryker to experiment on at his new laboratory, located at a place called "The Island". Fred mentions Remy "Gambit" LeBeau, who escaped from the island and therefore knows its location. John and Logan find LeBeau in New Orleans, then both fight Victor, who kills John and extracts his DNA. Agreeing to help release mutants that Stryker has captured, Gambit takes Logan to Stryker's facility on Three Mile Island. Logan learns that Kayla is alive, having been coerced by Stryker into keeping tabs on him in exchange for her sister's safety. However, Stryker refuses to release her sister and denies Victor the adamantium bonding promised for his service, claiming that test results revealed Victor would not survive the operation. Stryker activates a mouth-sewn Wade, now known as Weapon XI, a "mutant killer" with the powers of multiple mutants, who he refers to as the "Deadpool".

While Logan and Victor join forces to fight Deadpool, Kayla is mortally wounded leading the Island's captive mutants -- including a teenager named Scott Summers -- to safety. The mutants are subsequently rescued by Professor Charles Xavier. Logan decapitates Deadpool, destroying one of the cooling towers in the process. Stryker arrives and shoots Logan in the head with adamantium bullets, rendering him unconscious. Before Stryker can shoot Kayla, she grabs him and uses her mutant power to persuade him to turn around and walk away until his feet bleed. Logan regains consciousness but has lost his memory. He sees Kayla's body, but does not recognize her, and leaves the island.

In a mid-credits scene, Stryker is detained for questioning by some MPs in connection with the death of his superior, General Munson, whom Stryker did in fact kill after Munson declared his intent to shut down Stryker's project.


Atop a stage are three man in black clothing, Liev Schreiber wearing a gray jacket and black pants, and Lynn Collins, wearing a yellow dress, hugging, who is in black clothing. In the background is a billboard reading
Hugh Jackman, Ryan Reynolds, Taylor Kitsch, Liev Schreiber, Lynn Collins, and at the premiere in Tempe, Arizona.

The mutant and future X-Men member and often referred as Jimmy by Victor Creed. Jackman, who played Wolverine in the previous films, has also become producer of the film via his company Seed Productions, and earned $25 million for the film.[4] Jackman underwent a high intensity weight training regimen to improve his physique for the role. He altered the program to shock his body into change and also performed cardiovascular workouts. Jackman noted no digital touches were applied to his physique in a shot of him rising from the tank within which Wolverine has his bones infused with adamantium.[5]
Casting directors cast Sivan as the young Wolverine after seeing him sing at the Channel Seven Perth Telethon, and he was accepted after sending in an audition tape.[6] Kodi Smit-McPhee was originally cast in the role, when filming was originally beginning in December 2007,[7] but he opted out to film The Road.[8] Smit-McPhee was later cast as Kurt Wagner / Nightcrawler in the 2016 film X-Men: Apocalypse.
Logan's half-brother and fellow soldier, who would later become his nemesis [12] and described Sabretooth as the most monstrous role he ever played. As a child, he loved the Wolverine comics because of their unique "urban sensibility". Schreiber had studied to be a fight choreographer and wanted to be a dancer like Jackman, so he enjoyed working out their fight scenes.[11] and described him as having a competitive streak necessary to portray Sabretooth. They egged each other on on set to perform more and more stunts. Schreiber put on 40 lb (18 kg) of muscle for the part,Kate & Leopold Jackman worked with Schreiber before, in the 2001 romantic comedy [10], had hoped to reprise the role.X-Men, who played him in Tyler Mane [9]
Huston was originally in negotiations for the part,[13] while Brian Cox, who played the character in X2, wanted to reprise the role. He believed computer-generated imagery, similar to the program applied to Patrick Stewart and Ian McKellen in the opening flashback of X-Men: The Last Stand, would allow him to appear as the younger Stryker.[14] Huston liked the complex Stryker, who "both loves and hates mutants because his son was a mutant and drove his wife to suicide. So he understands what they're going through, but despises their destructive force." He compared the character to a racehorse breeder, who rears his mutant experiments like children but abandons them when something goes wrong. His son is shown to be frozen at the Weapon X facility and the reason Stryker starts the Weapon XI program.[11]
A teleporting mutant. It is's major live-action film debut. Although he initially did not get on with the casting director, he got the role because he wanted to play a mutant with the same power as Nightcrawler. He enrolled in boot camp to get into shape for the part.[15] When filming a fight, he scarred his knuckles after accidentally punching and breaking the camera.[16]
Wolverine's native-American (Blackfoot/Niitsítapi) love interest and pawn of Stryker. She has the powers of tactile telepathy/hypnosis.[11] However, Victor is resistant/immune to telepathy. Describing her role, Collins said "I had to play off all the guys and their testosterone-heavy abilities. But I learned that the female powers of persuasion easily trump fangs and knives and guns."[17] Michelle Monaghan turned down the role because of scheduling conflicts, despite her enthusiasm to work with Jackman.[18]
A mutant with a nearly indestructible layer of skin. In the film's early sequences, he is a formidable fighting man, but years later, due to a poor diet, has gained an enormous amount of weight.[11] A fan of the X-Men movies, Durand contacted the producers for a role as soon as news of a new film came out.[19] The suit went through six months of modifications, and had a tubing system inside to cool Durand down with ice water.[20]
A mutant who can manipulate electricity and electronic objects.[21] It was originally reported that Monaghan was going to play Barnell Bohusk / Beak.[22]
A Cajun thief who has the ability to convert the potential energy of any object he touches into kinetic energy, forcing it to explode. The size of the object determines the magnitude of the resulting explosion.[11] He is also skilled in the use of a staff, and happens to be very agile. Due to the nature of his power, he displays supernatural durability, being able to take Wolverine's elbow to his face and return to fight moments later. When asked about his thoughts on the character, Kitsch had said, "I knew of him, but I didn't know the following he had. I'm sure I'm still going to be exposed to that. I love the character, I love the powers, and I love what they did with him. I didn't know that much, but in my experience, it was a blessing to go in and create my take on him. I'm excited for it, to say the least."[23]
A member of the Weapon X program and an expert tracker with lethal sniper skills.[11] An X-Men fan, Henney liked the role of a villain because "there are no restrictions playing it, allowing you freely to express it, so you can act how you want to".[24] He described the film as more realistic and cruder than the X-Men trilogy.[25]
A wisecracking mercenary with lethal swordsmanship skill and athleticism, who later becomes Deadpool. Reynolds had been interested in playing the character in his own film since 2003.[26] Originally, Reynolds was only going to cameo as Wilson but the role grew after he was cast.[27] Reynolds did sword-training for the character, and also worked out to get his physique comparable to Jackman's.[28]
Weapon XI is a genetically altered mutant killer. He has powers taken from other mutants killed or kidnapped in the film, as well as retractable blades in his arms. He is referred to by Stryker as "the Deadpool" because the compatible powers of the other mutants have been 'pooled' together into one being. Ryan Reynolds portrays Weapon XI for close-ups, standing shots, and simple stunts while Scott Adkins is used for the more complicated and dangerous stunt work.[29]
A mutant capable of emitting powerful beams of energy from his eyes, who later becomes Cyclops, leader of the X-Men. He is shown as a Weapon X captive as he is caught by Victor Creed. Pocock is a debuting screen actor who previously worked with Opera Australia, who decided to play the character as "his own" instead of following James Marsden's performance in the X-Men trilogy, feeling that "he's a very different human being at that point in time. He's a teenager. What teenager is the same when they're 30 years old?" Pocock also described Wolverine as being Cyclops' "big transition moment", with the character going from a troubled teenager to a leader throughout the course of the film.[30]
An elderly couple who take care of Wolverine after his adamantium bonding. The Hudsons are heavily adapted from the comics' James MacDonald and Heather Hudson.
A mutant with the power to turn her skin into diamond, who in the film is Silverfox's sister.[31] The film depiction of Emma was originally assumed to be Emma Frost. However it was noted that she does not exhibit the character's traditional telepathic abilities. It as later revealed by Bryan Singer that is character is actually not Emma Frost, but instead a mutant with similar abilities.[32]

Wolverine's parents also appeared in the film; Aaron Jeffery portrayed Thomas Logan while Alice Parkinson portrayed Elizabeth Howlett. Peter O'Brien appeared as John Howlett, James' alleged father. The film includes numerous cameo appearances of younger versions of characters from the previous films, including Jason Stryker (William Stryker's lobotomized telepathic son whom he keeps in cryogenic suspension).[33] There was a cameo for a young Storm, which can be seen in the trailer, but it was removed from the released film.[34] A digitally rejuvenated Patrick Stewart also makes an uncredited cameo as a younger Charles Xavier who appeared to not yet lose the use of his legs.[35]

Asher Keddie played Dr. Carol Frost.[36] Poker player Daniel Negreanu has a cameo. Phil Hellmuth wanted to join him but was unable because he committed to an event in Toronto.[37] X-Men co-creator Stan Lee said he would cameo, but Lee ended up not appearing in the film as he could not attend filming in Australia.[38][39]



David Benioff, a comic book fan, pursued the project for almost three years before he was hired to write the script in October 2004.[40][41] In preparing to write the script, he reread Barry Windsor-Smith's "Weapon X" story, as well as Chris Claremont and Frank Miller's 1982 limited series on the character (his favorite storyline).[40][42] Also serving as inspiration was the 2001 limited series Origin, which reveals Wolverine's life before Weapon X.[43] Jackman collaborated on the script, which he wanted to be more of a character piece compared with the previous X-Men films.[44] Skip Woods, who had written Hitman for Fox, was later hired to revise and rewrite Benioff's script.[45] Benioff aimed for a "darker and a bit more brutal" story, writing it with an R rating in mind, although he acknowledged the film's final tone would rest with the producers and director.[40]

Deadpool had been developed for his own film by Reynolds and David S. Goyer at New Line Cinema in 2003, but the project fell apart as they focused on Blade: Trinity and an aborted spin-off.[26] Benioff wrote the character into the script in a manner Jackman described as fun, but would also deviate from some of his traits. Similarly, Gambit was a character who the filmmakers had tried to put in the previous X-Men films. Jackman liked Gambit because he is a "loose cannon" like Wolverine, stating their relationship echoes that of Wolverine and Pyro in the original trilogy.[5] David Ayer contributed to the script.[46] Benioff finished his draft in October 2006, and Jackman stated there would be a year before shooting,[47] as he was scheduled to start filming Australia during 2007.[48] Before the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike began, James Vanderbilt and Scott Silver were hired for a last-minute rewrite.[49]

Gavin Hood was announced as director of the project in July 2007 for a 2008 release.[50] Previously, X-Men and X2 director Bryan Singer and X-Men: The Last Stand director Brett Ratner were interested in returning to the franchise,[51][52] while Alexandre Aja and Len Wiseman also wanted the job.[53][54] Zack Snyder, who was approached for The Last Stand, turned down this film because he was directing Watchmen.[55] Jackman saw parallels between Logan and the main character in Hood's previous film Tsotsi.[11] Hood explained that while he was not a comic book fan, he "realized that the character of Wolverine, I think his great appeal lies in the fact that he's someone who in some ways, is filled with a great deal of self-loathing by his own nature and he's constantly at war with his own nature".[56] The director described the film's themes as focusing on Wolverine's inner struggle between his animalistic savagery and noble human qualities. Hood enjoyed the previous films, but set out to give the spin-off a different feel.[57] Hood also suggested to make the implied blood relation of Wolverine and Sabretooth into them explicitly being half brothers, as it would help "build up the emotional power of the film".[58] In October, Fox announced a May 1, 2009, release date and the X-Men Origins prefix.[13]


Preliminary shooting took place at the Fox Studios Australia in Sydney, during late 2007.[59] Principal photography began on January 2008 in New Zealand.[60] One of the filming locations that was selected was Dunedin.[61] Controversy arose as the Queenstown Lakes District Council disputed the Department of Labour's decision to allow Fox to store explosives in the local ice skating rink. Fox moved some of the explosives to another area.[62] The explosives were used for a shot of the exploding Hudson Farm, a scene which required thirteen cameras.[63] Jackman and Palermo's Woz Productions reached an agreement with the council to allow recycling specialists on set to advise the production on being environmentally friendly.[64] According to Hood, the screenplay was still incomplete as filming begun, with the production in Australia receiving regularly new script pages from Los Angeles, at times in the night before shooting.[65]

Filming continued at Fox (where most of the shooting was done) and New Orleans, Louisiana.[13] Cockatoo Island was used for Stryker's facility; the enormous buildings there saved money on digitally expanding a set.[11] Production of the film was predicted to generate A$60 million for Sydney's economy.[66] Principal photography ended by May 23. The second unit continued filming in New Zealand until March 23, and were scheduled to continue filming for two weeks following the first unit's wrap.[67] This included a flashback to Logan during the Normandy Landings, which was shot at Blacksmiths, New South Wales.[68]

Hood and Fox were in dispute on the film's direction. One of the disputes involved the depiction of Wolverine as an Army veteran with post-traumatic stress disorder, with the executives arguing that audiences would not be interested in such heavy themes.[69] The studio had two replacements lined up before Richard Donner, husband of producer Lauren Shuler Donner, flew to Australia to ease on-set tensions.[70] Hood remarked, "Out of healthy and sometimes very rigorous debate, things get better. [...] I hope the film's better because of the debates. If nobody were talking about us, we'd be in trouble!"[11] Hood added he and Thomas Rothman were both "forceful" personalities in creative meetings but they had never had a "stand-up" argument.[71] In January 2009, after delays due to weather and scheduling conflicts, such as Hugh Jackman's publicity commitments for Australia, production moved to Vancouver, mostly at Lord Byng Secondary School and in University of British Columbia.[72][73] Work there included finishing scenes with Ryan Reynolds, who had been working on two other films during principal photography.[74]

Gavin Hood has announced that multiple "secret endings" exist for the film and that the endings will differ from print to print of the film.[75] One version shows Wolverine drinking in a Japanese bar. The bartender asked if he is drinking to forget, Logan replies that he is drinking to remember.[76] The other shows Weapon XI on the rubble of the destroyed tower, trying to touch his severed head.[77]


More than 1,000 shots of Wolverine have visual effects in them, which required three effects supervisors and seventeen different companies to work on the film.[78] The most prominent was Hydraulx, who had also worked in the X-Men trilogy and was responsible for the battle in Three Mile Island and Gambit's powers. Many elements were totally generated through computer-generated imagery, such as the adamantium injection machine, the scene with Gambit's plane and Wolverine tearing through a door with his newly enhanced claws.[78] CG bone claws were also created for some scenes because the props did not look good in close-ups.[79] Extensive usage of matte paintings was also made, with Matte World Digital creating five different mattes for the final scene of the film—a pullback depicting the destroyed Three Mile Island—and Gavin Hood handing company Hatch Productions pictures of favelas as reference for the Africa scenes.[78][79]


X-Men Origins: Wolverine
Film score by Harry Gregson-Williams
Released April 28, 2009 (2009-04-28)[80]
Genre Film score
Length 45:32
Label Varèse Sarabande, catalog #066967
Harry Gregson-Williams chronology
The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian
X-Men Origins: Wolverine
The Taking of Pelham 123

Composed by Harry Gregson-Williams, the score for X-Men Origins: Wolverine was mixed by Malcolm Luker, engineered by Costa Kotselas, and featured Martin Tillman on the electric cello.[81]

In a 2008 interview with Christopher Coleman of, Gregson-Williams said that Hood attracted him to the project, adding: "I happened to meet him at the Golden Globes dinner about three years ago. That night we were both nominees, but both losers. He had been nominated for Tsotsi and during the dinner I had spoken to him and he seemed like a really smart and creative guy...and into music. So I was really delighted when I got a call to meet him and discuss the possibilities for Wolverine."[82]

In late March 2009, Jon Burlingame of Variety was at the Newman Scoring Stage at 20th century-Fox to listen and report on the recording of the score.[83] Gregson-Williams conducted "a 78-piece orchestra and a 40-voice choir (20 male, 20 female)" to achieve the sound.[83] At the time of his visit, Burlingame noted that the choir was singing "stanzas from an ancient Norse poem in Old Icelandic" to underscore what would be first track, "Logan Through Time."[83] Director Gavin Hood commented on Gregson-Williams' style, saying: "Harry's challenge is to give us operatic scale, but also keep it intimate and human. Harry's music has a kind of muscular confidence and strength that is very useful for the action, but he also has tremendous soul."[83] Hood also called the recording performance "frigging brilliant!"[83]


Leaked workprint

On March 31, 2009, a full-length DVD-quality workprint of the film without a timecode or watermark, with some unfinished effects shots, a different typeface for titles and casting, and alternate sound effects was leaked online.[84][85][86] The studio said it would be able to determine the source of the leak using forensic marks in the workprint. The FBI and MPAA began investigating the illegal posting.[85] Fox estimated the workprint was downloaded roughly 4.5 million times by the time Wolverine was released in theaters.[87] As of 2014, Fox estimates that a minimum of 15 million people downloaded it.[88]

The print contained a reference to Rising Sun Pictures, an Australian visual effects company working on the film.[84] The company denied that they ever had a full copy of the film.[89] Executive producer Thomas Rothman noted the leaked version lacked the ten minutes added during pick-ups in January 2009.[86][89] However, the theatrical version of the film has no extra scenes that were not included in the leaked workprint.[90] Both versions run exactly 107 minutes, but director Gavin Hood said "another ending exists that features the film's villain."[86] The leak was traced down to a Bronx man named Gilberto Sanchez, who had bought a pirated DVD copy from a Korean man and later uploaded it under the name "SkillyGilly".[91][92]

Roger Friedman, a gossip reporter for Fox News—a channel also owned by Fox's parent company News Corporation—was fired for writing a review of the film using the leaked copy he downloaded from the Internet.[93] He described how easy it was to find and download the film even if the original source of the leak was no longer available on the web. The article he wrote for his column on the Fox News website was immediately removed.[94]


Among the companies which provided tie-in merchandising were 7-Eleven,[95] Papa John's Pizza,[96][97] and Schick.[98] Hugh Jackman also posed as Wolverine for the Got Milk? campaign.[99] In February 2009, Hasbro released a film-related toyline, featuring action figures and a glove with retractable claws.[100] In April, Marvel debuted a new comic series, Wolverine: Weapon X, which writer Jason Aaron said that while not directly influenced by the film, was written considering people who would get interested in Wolverine comics after watching the film.[101]

In December 2009, Hot Toys released the 12 inch highly detailed figure of Wolverine based on the movie with Hugh Jackman's likeness.

Video game

Raven Software developed a video game based on the film with the same name, which Activision Blizzard published.[102] Marc Guggenheim wrote the script,[103] while Hugh Jackman, Liev Schreiber,[104] and voiced their characters from the film.[105] The storyline goes beyond the one from the film, including other villains from the comics such as the Sentinels and the Wendigo,[106] as well as the appearance of Mystique, who was in the other three X-Men films.[107]

Theatrical run

X-Men Origins: Wolverine was released on April 29, 2009, in the UK, Denmark, South Africa, and Australia; April 30, 2009 in the Philippines and in the Dominican Republic; and May 1, 2009 in the United States and Canada. A contest was held on the official website to determine the location of the world premiere on April 27. In the end, the Harkins at the Tempe Marketplace in Tempe, Arizona won the premiere.[108] The release in Mexico was delayed until the end of May due to an outbreak of H1N1 flu in the country.[109] On April 22, nine days before the release of the film, it was reported that X-Men Origins: Wolverine was outselling Iron Man "3-to-1 at the same point in the sales cycle (nine days prior to the film’s release)."[110]

Hugh Jackman at the Tempe Premiere.

During its first day of wide release, Wolverine took in an estimated $35 million,[111] with almost $5 million of that from midnight showings.[112] The earnings placed the film as the 16th highest-grossing opening day ever (22nd with ticket-price inflation).[111] It went on to be number one film at the box office with a total of $85 million.[113][114] Among summer kick-offs, it ranked fifth behind Spider-Man, X2, Spider-Man 3, and Iron Man and it was in the top ten of comic book adaptations.[114] The opening was lower than the last film in the franchise, X-Men: The Last Stand, as well as X2, but higher than X-Men, the first film in the series.[114]

The worldwide opening was over $158.1 million, but Fox stated that some markets underperformed, mostly due to the leaked workprint in countries with illegal downloading problems.[87] However, in an article for the "piracy issue" of Screen International magazine, film critic John Hazelton was doubtful of this explanation, writing that the film's initial performance was "uncertain" as the outbreak of swine flu in territories with the worst piracy problems means that other territories did not compare at all.[115]

While it has received mixed reviews from critics, the film has been a financial success at the box office. According to Box Office Mojo Wolverine has grossed approximately $179,883,157 in the United States and Canada. It took in another $193,179,707 in other territories, giving it a worldwide total of $373,062,864.[3]

Home media

On September 15, 2009, Fox Home Entertainment released X-Men Origins: Wolverine on DVD and Blu-ray disc. The two-disc Blu-ray includes commentary by Hood, another commentary by producers Lauren Shuler Donner and Ralph Winter, the featurette "The Roots of Wolverine: A Conversation with X-Men creators Stan Lee and Len Wein", the featurette "Wolverine Unleashed: The Complete Origins", 10 character chronicles, two more featurettes, a trivia track, deleted scenes with commentary from Hood, two alternate sequences, a Fox Movie Channel premiere featurette and imdb BD Live technology. Disc two of the set includes a digital copy.[116] In addition, a Wal-Mart exclusive 3-disc set, which includes a standard DVD copy of the film was also released.[117] The two-DVD special edition includes the two commentaries, the featurette with Stan Lee and Len Wein, an origins featurette, deleted and alternate scenes, and an anti-smoking PSA on disc one; disc two has a digital copy of the film. The single-disc DVD release has the origins featurette and anti-smoking PSA.[116]

Wolverine was the highest selling and most rented DVD release of the week, selling over three million copies,[118] 850,000 of them on Blu-ray.[119] Through its first six weeks the DVD has sold 3.79 million copies, generating $64.27 million in sales.[120]


Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes reported 38% positive reviews based on 253 reviews, with an average rating of 5.1/10. The site's consensus is, "Though Hugh Jackman gives his all, he can't help X-Men Origins: Wolverine overcome a cliche-ridden script and familiar narrative."[121]

Richard Corliss of TIME commented on the film's standing among other Marvel films, saying that it is "an O.K., not great, Marvel movie that tells the early story of the prime X-Man, and attempts to make it climax in a perfect coupling with the start of the known trilogy." He also said that "superhero mythologies can be so complicated, only a lonely comic-book-reading kid could make sense of it all."[122] James Mullinger of GQ also commented on the structure of the story in saying that the "film clumsily tries to explain the origins of James [Howlett], AKA Wolverine, which had wisely only ever been briefly referred to in the original X-Men saga. In doing so, it creates a fairly bland plot which is full of holes."[123] Lou Lumenick of the New York Post was generally more favorable towards Origins, stating "Fortunately, Jackman is well-matched with Schreiber, who can sneer with the best of them and wears fangs well. The two have three spectacular battles together before squaring off against a formidable enemy atop a nuclear reactor."[124] Peter Rainer of The Christian Science Monitor also praised Jackman's performance, saying that "Hugh Jackman demonstrates that you can segue effortlessly from a tuxedoed song-and-dance man at the Oscars to a feral gent with adamantium claws and berserker rage."[125] Claudia Puig of USA Today considered the movie "well-acted, with spectacular action and witty one-liners".[126]

Roger Ebert gave the film two stars out of four and expressed his views on the title character: "Why should I care about this guy? He feels no pain and nothing can kill him, so therefore he's essentially a story device for action sequences."[127] James Berardinelli gave Wolverine two and a half stars out of four, calling the action scenes competently executed but not memorable, and considering that when dealing with Wolverine's past "there's little creativity evident in the way those blanks are filled in", and that the revelations made Wolverine "less compelling".[128] Comparatively, Bill Gibron of AMC's website gave the film a positive "4.0 out of 5 stars," saying that although Hugh Jackman is "capable of carrying even the most mediocre effort, he singlehandedly makes X-Men Origins: Wolverine an excellent start to the summer 2009 season." He predicted "there will be purists who balk at how Hood and his screenwriters mangle and manipulate the mythology;" and further said that "any ending which leaves several characters unexplained and unaccounted for can't really seal the full entertainment deal."[129]

Regarding Wolverine within the context of the X-Men film series, Tom Charity of CNN commented: "Serviceable but inescapably redundant, this Wolverine movie does just enough to keep the X-Men franchise on life support, but the filmmakers will have to come up with some evolutionary changes soon if it's going to escape X-tinction."[130] Similarly, A. O. Scott of The New York Times expressed that "X-Men Origins: Wolverine will most likely manage to cash in on the popularity of the earlier episodes, but it is the latest evidence that the superhero movie is suffering from serious imaginative fatigue."[131] On a more negative note, Philip French of The Observer said that the film's "dull, bone-crushing, special-effects stuff" is "of interest only to hardcore fans who've probably read it all in Marvel comics."[132]

Sukhdev Sandhu of The Daily Telegraph stated that "Wolverine is an artificial stimulus package of the most unsatisfying kind. Aggressively advertised and hyped to the hills, it will no doubt attract full houses at first; after that though, when word-of-mouth buzz-kill goes into overdrive, there’s bound to be widespread deflation and a palpable feeling of being conned."[133] Similarly, Orlando Parfitt of IGN (UK) praised the performances of the actors and the action scenes, but stated that the film felt underdeveloped: "There's an enjoyable time to be had with Wolverine, but it's also somewhat unsatisfying."[134] Furthermore, Scott Mendelson of The Huffington Post gave the film a grade of "D", noting that "Wolverine was the lead character of [the X-Men] films, and we've already learned everything we need to know from the films in said franchise," adding that "the extra information given here actually serves to make the character of Logan/Wolverine less interesting."[135] Steven Rea also felt that the film injured the character by proving that "how the hero acquired his special powers turns out to be a whole lot less interesting than what he does with them", while also being "a mash-up of meaningless combat sequences (meaningless because Logan/Wolverine is just about unstoppable), sub-par visual effects, template backstory, and some goofy Liev Schreiber-as-a-villain thespianizing".[136]

Hugh Jackman later confessed being unhappy with the final result of X-Men Origins: Wolverine. The actor wanted primarily a film that would deepen the Wolverine character, but “somehow the first Wolverine movie ended up looking like the fourth X-Men — just with different characters.” He tried to avert the same results while doing the next solo film for the character, 2013's The Wolverine.[137]

Related films

A second Wolverine film titled The Wolverine was released on July 26, 2013. A third untitled Wolverine film is planned to release on March 3, 2017.[138]

A Deadpool film is planned to release on February 10, 2016. A Gambit film is planned to release on October 7, 2016.[139]


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c (2009)"X-Men Origins: Wolverine".  
  4. ^ Galloway, Steven (July 10, 2007). "Studios Are Hunting the Next Big Property".  
  5. ^ a b Sam Ashurst (December 10, 2008). "Hugh Jackman's First Full Wolverine Interview".  
  6. ^ Harvey, Shannon (October 18, 2008). "Howling success".  
  7. ^ Sutherland, Claire (October 25, 2007). "Romulus, My Father Set for AFIs – Four Films Dominated at the Announcements of This Year's L'Oreal Paris AFI Awards Nominees in Sydney Yesterday". Herald Sun (Australia). Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  8. ^ Simmons, Leslie (February 6, 2008). "Smit-McPhee Takes 'Road' Less Traveled".  
  9. ^ Youtube, IGN. "IGN's Top 100 Villains: Wolverine vs Sabertooth". Retrieved 2009. 
  10. ^ Adler, Shawn; Carroll, Larry (March 21, 2007). , Michelle Trachtenberg & More – Brown Reveals Next Project; Don Cheadle Exits 'Ocean's' Series; Trachtenberg Goes Goth"Ocean's Thirteen"Movie File: Chris Brown, . MTV. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i O'Hara, Helen (January 2009). "Weapon X".  
  12. ^ Topel, Fred (December 8, 2008). "Wolverine's Schreiber Is Feral".  
  13. ^ a b c McClintock, Pamela (October 17, 2007). Claws on May '09 Date – Liev Schreiber in Final Talks for 'X-Men' Role"Wolverine". Variety. Retrieved January 17, 2010. 
  14. ^ Purdin, Rickey (August 2, 2007). "Dig Your Claws into 'Wolverine: The Movie' – Wizard Serves Up the Full Scoop as Hugh Jackman Slices and Dices His Way Back to the Big Screen as Wolverine".  
  15. ^ Shawn Adler (February 21, 2008). "Will.I.Am Sings On ‘Wolverine,’ Becomes Teleporting Mutant". MTV. Retrieved February 21, 2008. 
  16. ^ Larry Carroll (June 19, 2008). "X-Men Origins: Wolverine"Will.I.Am Reveals Details About His Big-Screen Debut In . MTV. Retrieved June 19, 2008. 
  17. ^ Kahn, Howie (April 2009). "Wolverine Has a Girlfriend".  
  18. ^ Heather Newgen (January 18, 2008). "Wolverine"Michelle Monaghan Talks . IESB. Retrieved January 19, 2008. 
  19. ^ "Kevin Durand Talks Wolverine's Blob". July 8, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2009. 
  20. ^ "Wolverine Week: Kevin Durand chats about playing Blob".  
  21. ^ """Monaghan allies with "Wolverine. Reuters. February 22, 2008. Retrieved May 9, 2009. 
  22. ^ Seigel, Tatiana (February 21, 2008). "'"Dominic Monaghan joins 'Wolverine. Variety. Retrieved May 10, 2009. 
  23. ^ "Taylor Kitsch on Being Gambit in X-Men Origins: Wolverine". Movie Web. October 13, 2008. Retrieved June 19, 2009. 
  24. ^ "Daniel Henney exclusive interview: Most wants to act in a romance film with Zhang Ziyi" (in Chinese).  
  25. ^ "X-Men Origins: Wolverine Daniel Henney Interview". MovieWeb. Retrieved July 4, 2009. 
  26. ^ a b Rick Marshall (December 11, 2008). "Deadpool And Gambit: The Long Road To ‘X-Men Origins: Wolverine’... And Beyond?". MTV Movies Blog. Retrieved December 12, 2008. 
  27. ^ Steve Weintraub (March 14, 2009). "Ryan Reynolds talks about playing DEADPOOL in X-Men Origins: Wolverine". Collider. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  28. ^ Murray, Rebecca. X-Men Origins: Wolverine' Press Conference – The Cast and Director Gavin Hood"'".  
  29. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Ryan Reynolds On Deadpool & Mystery Mutant In ‘Wolverine’ Movie Trailer: ‘That’s Me’". MTV. March 17, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2009. 
  30. ^ Murray, Rebecca. "X-Men Origins Wolverine – Tim Pocock Interview". Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  31. ^ "Cast of X-Men Origins: Wolverine".  
  32. ^ none (June 14, 2011). "How is Emma in both 'X-Men Origins: Wolverine' and 'X-Men: First Class'?". Retrieved April 13, 2015. 
  33. ^ X-Men Origins: Wolverine': A Shot-By-Shot Analysis Of Exclusive New Trailer"'". MTV. March 6, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2009. 
  34. ^ "Producer talks X-MEN ORIGINS: WOLVERINE – Storm not in the movie". February 10, 2009. Retrieved February 10, 2009. 
  35. ^  
  36. ^ Emily Dunn, Josephine Tovey (April 21, 2008). "A little offstage bonding". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved April 24, 2008. 
  37. ^  
  38. ^ Sandy Cohen (July 25, 2008). "Stan Lee to make a cameo in new 'X-Men' movie". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved July 25, 2008. 
  39. ^ Lee, Stan (@TheRealStanLee) (October 18, 2008). "Lots of fellow titterers ask why I didn't have a cameo in Wolverine. Answer is simple. It was shot in Australia. Didn't have time to go.". Twitter. Retrieved October 28, 2008. 
  40. ^ a b c Mishler, James (June 2005). "David Benioff, Screenwriter of Wolverine: He's One of Us".  
  41. ^ Michael Fleming (October 4, 2004). X' marks spinoff spot"'". Variety. Retrieved September 1, 2006. 
  42. ^ Daniel Robert Epstein (December 28, 2004). "David Benioff".  
  43. ^ Vaughan, Owen (April 29, 2009). "Chris Claremont, Len Wein: the men who created Wolverine". The Times (UK). Retrieved May 12, 2009. 
  44. ^ "Interview – Hugh Jackman". CanMag. October 15, 2006. Retrieved October 15, 2006. 
  45. ^ Stax (September 28, 2007). "New Wolverine Screenwriter". IGN. Retrieved July 9, 2009. 
  46. ^ Script Review"X-Men Origins: Wolverine". FilmBuffOnLine. Retrieved January 16, 2009. 
  47. ^ Karl Schneider (October 15, 2006). script is ready"Wolverine"Jackman says . Mania Entertainment. Retrieved October 15, 2006. 
  48. ^ Marilyn Beck; Stacy Jenel Smith (August 13, 2006). "X-Men"Major renegotiations possible stumbling block for new .  
  49. ^ Michael Fleming, Pamela McClintock (October 30, 2007). "Studios prep back-up plan". Variety. Retrieved October 31, 2007. 
  50. ^ Michael Fleming, Peter Gilstrap (July 19, 2007). "Wolverine"Fox says Hood good for . Variety. Retrieved July 20, 2007. 
  51. ^ Michael Tsai (November 8, 2006). due in 2009"Superman Returns"Sequel to .  
  52. ^ Carroll, Larry (March 14, 2006). "Juggernaut Weighs In On 'X-Men' Spinoffs". MTV. Retrieved July 11, 2009. 
  53. ^ Sean Elliott (March 11, 2006). Director Alexandre Aja gets grisly"The Hills Have Eyes". iF Magazine. Archived from the original on November 30, 2007. Retrieved November 1, 2007. 
  54. ^ Edward Douglas (July 22, 2007). "Wolverine"Len Wiseman on . Mania Entertainment. Retrieved July 9, 2007. 
  55. ^ Robert Sanchez (February 13, 2007). !"Watchmen and 300"Exclusive Interview: Zack Snyder Is Kickin' Ass With . IESB. Retrieved February 9, 2008. 
  56. ^ Kyle Braun and Jordan Riefe (September 29, 2007). "Rendition Interviews".  
  57. ^ Larry Carroll (October 3, 2007). Spinoff"X-Men Director, Hugh Jackman Digging Their Claws Into Wolverine". MTV. Retrieved October 3, 2007. 
  58. ^ Hillerstrom, Oscar (October 14, 2009). "Gavin Hood Talks Wolverine; Possible Sequel".  
  59. ^  
  60. ^ Booker, Jarrod (January 24, 2008). "Queenstown gets ready for X-Men".  
  61. ^ Set to Commence in South Island"Wolverine"Shooting for .  
  62. ^ Button, Katie (January 24, 2008). Film Upsets Local Council"X-Men".  
  63. ^ Williams, David (November 3, 2007). "Explosive End for SI Blockbuster".  
  64. ^ Morris, Chris (January 29, 2008). "Film Crew Commits to Green Ethic".  
  65. ^ Tilly, Chris (October 21, 2013). "Gavin Hood on the Problems of X-Men Origins: Wolverine". Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  66. ^  
  67. ^ Bentley, David (May 29, 2008). "Filming wraps on Wolverine as Jackman offers chance to meet him for lunch".  
  68. ^ David Bentley (June 12, 2008). "Hugh Jackman films war scenes for Wolverine". Coventry Telegraph. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  69. ^ X-Men Origins: Wolverine': Summer Movie Preview"'". Entertainment Weekly. April 11, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2009. 
  70. ^ Tatiana Siegel (September 5, 2008). "Fox's not-so-hot summer at the movies". Variety. Retrieved September 10, 2008. 
  71. ^ "Wolverine: Gavin Hood" (Video).  
  72. ^ "No Reshoots for Wolverine". IGN. January 19, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2009. 
  73. ^ "Hollywood North on campus" (PDF). The Ubyssey. March 12, 2009. p. 3. 
  74. ^ Fred Topel (March 14, 2009). "Wolverine's Ryan Reynolds reveals Deadpool secrets".  
  75. ^ Billington, Alex (April 24, 2009). "X-Men Origins: Wolverine Will Have Multiple Secret Endings!". First Showing. Retrieved April 25, 2009. 
  76. ^ "Movie Review: X-Men Origins: Wolverine".  
  77. ^ "'"Ryan Reynolds to headline 'Wolverine' spin-off 'Deadpool. Entertainment Weekly. May 6, 2009. Retrieved May 17, 2009. 
  78. ^ a b c Bielik, Alain (May 4, 2009). "Wolverine Gets Indestructible in X-Men Origins". VFXWorld. Retrieved May 24, 2009. 
  79. ^ a b Seymour, Mike (May 5, 2009). "Wolverine : The Making of an X-man". FXguide. Retrieved May 26, 2009. 
  80. ^ "X-Men Origins: Wolverine [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack]". Allmusic. Retrieved July 6, 2010. 
  81. ^ "X-Men Origins – Wolverine (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) - Credits".  
  82. ^ Christopher Coleman (May 8, 2008). "Composer Harry Gregson-Williams: What Goes Around, Comes Around". Retrieved May 5, 2009. 
  83. ^ a b c d e Jon Burlingame (April 22, 2009). "Recording the 'Wolverine' score: A look at Gregson-Williams in the studio". Variety. Retrieved May 5, 2009. 
  84. ^ a b "New Wolverine film leaked online". BBC News. April 1, 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2009. 
  85. ^ a b "X-Men pic "Wolverine" leaks online". Reuters. April 2, 2009. Retrieved April 2, 2009. 
  86. ^ a b c "'"Leak doesn't keep fans away from 'Wolverine. Associated Press. May 4, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2009. 
  87. ^ a b McClintock, Pamela (May 6, 2009). X-Men' takes hit in foreign markets"'". Variety. Retrieved July 11, 2009. 
  88. ^ New DVD-quality Expendables 3 film leaked online, ranked as #1 most-pirated movie. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  89. ^ a b Christine Spines (April 2, 2009). "'"Fox chairman says leaked 'Wolverine' is an 'unfinished version' and 'a complete misrepresentation of the film. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 3, 2009. 
  90. ^  
  91. ^ Wolverine uploader pleads guilty
  92. ^ UploaderWolverineFBI Finally Arrests Alleged
  93. ^ Child, Ben (April 7, 2009). "Wolverine review leads to Fox News writer's dismissal". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved July 11, 2009. 
  94. ^ Eric D. Snider (April 4, 2009). "'"Roger Friedman Brags About Downloading 'Wolverine. Cinematical. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  95. ^ "Get Your XMO: Wolverine Slurpee Cups at 7-Eleven". April 30, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  96. ^ "X-MEN ORIGINS: WOLVERINE – Only in Theaters". Papa John's. Archived from the original on April 9, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  97. ^ Graham, Mark (April 8, 2009). "Papa John’s Promises Wolverine Will Be ‘Loaded With Cheese’". Vulture ( 
  98. ^ "Schick Quattro Wolverine Razor". Schick. Archived from the original on April 25, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  99. ^ "Wolverine Rocks the Milk Mustache".  
  100. ^ "MARVEL’S X-MEN ORIGINS: WOLVERINE MOVIE TOYS TEAR THROUGH RETAIL AISLES THIS SPRING" (Press release). Hasbro. February 13, 2009. Retrieved July 9, 2009. 
  101. ^ Schedeen, Jesse (April 6, 2009). "The Return of Wolverine's Weapon X". IGN. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  102. ^ César A. Berardini (July 15, 2008). "X-Men Origins: Wolverine and Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen Movie Tie-ins Announced".  
  103. ^ Scott Rosenberg (April 7, 2008). "Cursed to Write: TV & Comics Scribe Marc Guggenheim". ReadExpress. Retrieved April 10, 2008. 
  104. ^ "Wolverine's Liev Schreiber on video games and parenting". Yahoo!. May 1, 2009. Retrieved May 11, 2009. 
  105. ^ Marshall, Rick (May 1, 2009). "Will.I.Am Makes Double Debut With 'X-Men Origins: Wolverine' Movie, Video Game". MTV. Retrieved May 11, 2009. 
  106. ^ "X-Men Origins: Wolverine – Game Detail Page". Archived from the original on June 12, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2009. 
  107. ^ Goldstein, Hilary (May 5, 2009). "X-Men Origins: Wolverine – Another Take". IGN. Retrieved May 12, 2009. 
  108. ^ Goodykoontz, Bill (April 19, 2009). premiere"Wolverine"Tempe wins .  
  109. ^ Jim, Vejvoda (April 29, 2009). "Hasta Luego, Wolverine". IGN. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  110. ^ Wolverine" Outselling "Iron Man" in Advance Ticket Sales""". Worst Preview. April 23, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2009. 
  111. ^ a b Gray, Brandon (May 2, 2009). Rages on First Day"Wolverine"Friday Report: .  
  112. ^ McClintock, Pamela (May 1, 2009). wolfs down nearly $5 mil"Wolverine". Variety. Retrieved May 2, 2009. 
  113. ^ Wolverine" weekend box office nudged lower""". Reuters. May 4, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2009. 
  114. ^ a b c Gray, Brandon (May 4, 2009). Roars"Wolverine"Weekend Report: .  
  115. ^ Hazelton, John (July 10, 2009). "Attack on the Wolf".  
  116. ^ a b Marshall, Rick (July 28, 2009). X-Men Origins: Wolverine' To Hit DVD And Blu-Ray September 15"'". MTV. Retrieved September 21, 2009. 
  117. ^ "X-Men Origins: Wolverine (Exclusive) (3-Disc) (Blu-ray) (With BD-Live + Digital Copy + DVD)". Wal-Mart. Retrieved September 21, 2009. 
  118. ^ Arnold, Thomas K. (September 23, 2009). "‘Wolverine’ Slashes Up the Charts".  
  119. ^ Wolverine' is year's top selling Blu-ray"'". October 26, 2009. Retrieved February 11, 2011. 
  120. ^ "X-Men Origins: Wolverine – DVD Sales". Retrieved February 11, 2011. 
  121. ^ "X-Men Origins: Wolverine reviews".  
  122. ^  
  123. ^ Mullinger, James. "X-Men Origins: Wolverine".  
  124. ^  
  125. ^ Rainer, Peter (May 1, 2009). "'"Review: 'X-Men Origins: Wolverine.  
  126. ^ Puig, Claudia (May 1, 2009). "'"Hugh Jackman springs to life in sharply directed 'Wolverine. USA Today. Retrieved May 24, 2009. 
  127. ^  
  128. ^  
  129. ^ Gibron, Bill. "X-Men Origins: Wolverine".  
  130. ^ Charity, Tom (May 1, 2009). doesn't cut it"Wolverine"Review: . CNN. Retrieved May 3, 2009. 
  131. ^ Scott, A. O. (May 1, 2009). "I, Mutant, Red in Face and Claw". The New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2009. 
  132. ^ French, Philip (May 3, 2009). "X-Men Origins: Wolverine". The Observer (UK). Retrieved May 3, 2009. 
  133. ^ Sandhu, Sukhdev (April 30, 2009). "X-Men Origins: Wolverine review". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved May 8, 2009. 
  134. ^ Parfitt, Orlando. "X-Men Origins: Wolverine review". IGN UK. Retrieved May 8, 2009. 
  135. ^ Mendelson, Scott. "Huff Post Review – X-Men Origins: Wolverine (2009)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 8, 2009. 
  136. ^  
  137. ^ Fonseca, Nicholas (May 24, 2013). "And now for his sixth act...". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  138. ^ Lesnick, Silas (March 21, 2014). "The Wolverine sequel finds a writer". SuperHeroHype. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  139. ^ Perry, Spencer (May 13, 2014). "Channing Tatum will star in a Gambit film". SuperHeroHype. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.