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List of home video game consoles

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Title: List of home video game consoles  
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Collection: Home Video Game Consoles, Technology-Related Lists, Video Game Console Lists
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List of home video game consoles

This is a list of home video game consoles in chronological order. This list includes the very first home video game consoles ever created, such as first generation Pong consoles, from the first ever cartridge console Odyssey, ranging from the major video game companies such as Atari, Nintendo, Sega, Sony, Microsoft to secondary market consoles. The list is divided into eras which are named based on the dominant console type of the era, though not all consoles of those eras are of the same type. Some eras are referred to based on how many bits a major console could process. The 128-bit era (sixth generation) was the final era in which this practice was widespread.

This list does not include other types of video game consoles such as handheld game consoles, which are usually of lower computational power than home consoles due to their smaller size, as well as microconsoles and dedicated consoles. Consoles have been redesigned from time to time to improve their market appeal. Redesigned models are not listed on their own.

Contents

  • First generation (1972–1976) 1
  • Second generation (1976–1983) 2
  • Third generation (1983–1987) 3
  • Fourth generation (1987–1995) 4
  • Fifth generation (1993–1999) 5
  • Sixth generation (1998–2005) 6
  • Seventh generation (2005–2012) 7
  • Eighth generation (2012–present) 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10

First generation (1972–1976)

Name Release date Manufacturer
Magnavox Odyssey August 1972 Magnavox
PC-50X Family 1975 General Instrument
Tele-Spiel 1975 Philips
Video 2000 1975 Interton
Philips Odyssey 1976 Philips
Coleco Telstar Arcade 1977 Coleco
  • Consoles of the early 1970s, such as Pong and Magnavox Odyssey were often inaccurately called "analog" but were actually discrete logic circuits.[1]

Second generation (1976–1983)

Name Release date Manufacturer
Fairchild Channel F / Video Entertainment System (VES) 1976 Fairchild
APF-MP1000 1978 APF
RCA Studio II 1977 RCA
Atari 2600 / Atari Video Computer System (VCS) / Sears Video Arcade 1977 Atari Inc.
Bally Astrocade 1977 Midway
VC 4000 1978 Interton
Magnavox Odyssey² 1978 Magnavox / Philips
APF Imagination Machine 1979 APF
Intellivision 1980 Mattel
PlayCable 1981 Mattel
Bandai Super Vision 8000 1979 Bandai
Intellivision II 1983 Mattel
VTech CreatiVision 1981 VTech
Epoch Cassette Vision 1981 Epoch
Arcadia 2001 (Leisure Vision in Canada) 1982 Emerson Radio
Atari 5200 (US Only) 1982 Atari Inc.
ColecoVision 1982 Coleco
Entex Adventure Vision 1982 Entex
Vectrex 1982 Smith Engineering
Compact Vision TV-Boy 1983 Gakken
My Vision 1983 Nichibutsu
Pyuuta Jr. 1983 Matsushita

Third generation (1983–1987)

Name Release date Manufacturer
RDI Halcyon 1985 RDI Video Systems
PV-1000 1983 Casio
Commodore 64GS (Games System) - A cut-down version of the Commodore 64 1990 Commodore
Amstrad GX4000 1990 Amstrad
Atari 7800 1984 Atari Corporation
Atari XEGS 1987 Atari Corporation
Sega SG-1000 (Various Models) 1983 Sega
Sega Master System (Various Models) 1985 Sega , Tec Toy
Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / Famicom (Various Models) 1983 Nintendo
Family Computer Disk System (Japan only) 1986 Nintendo Add-on to Famicom
Super Cassette Vision 1984 Epoch
Zemmix 1985 Daewoo Electronics
Bridge Companion 1985 BBC / Heber
VideoSmarts 1986 VTech
Action Max 1987 Worlds of Wonder
Video Challenger 1987 Tomy / Bandai
Video Art 1987 LJN

Fourth generation (1987–1995)

Name Release date Manufacturer Notes
Sega Genesis / Mega Drive (Various Models) 1988 Sega
Sega CD / Mega CD (Various Models) 1992 (N. America) Sega Add-on to Sega Genesis
Sega 32X 1994 Sega Add-on to Sega Genesis
PC Engine / TurboGrafx-16 (Various Models) 1987 NEC
PC Engine2 / SuperGrafx 1989 NEC
Interactive Vision 1988 View-Master Ideal Group Inc.
Socrates 1988 VTech
Terebikko 1988 Bandai
Konix Multisystem Cancelled Konix
Neo-Geo 1990 SNK
Sega Pico 1994 Sega / Majesco
Neo-Geo CD 1994 SNK
Neo-Geo CDZ 1994 SNK
Commodore CDTV 1991 Commodore
Memorex VIS 1992 Memorex
Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) / Super Famicom (Various Models) 1990 Nintendo
SNES-CD N/A Nintendo Cancelled add-on to Super Famicom
Satellaview (Japan Only) 1993 Nintendo Add-on to Super Famicom
CD-i 1991 Philips
TurboDuo / PC Engine Duo 1991 NEC
Super A'Can 1995 Funtech

Fifth generation (1993–1999)

Name Release date Manufacturer Units Sold
Pioneer LaserActive 1993 Pioneer Corporation
FM Towns Marty 1993 Fujitsu
Apple Bandai Pippin 1995 Bandai /Apple Inc. 42,000
PC-FX 1994 NEC
Atari Panther Cancelled Atari Corporation N/A
Atari Jaguar 1993 Atari Corporation
Atari Jaguar CD 1995 Atari Corporation
PlayStation 1994 Sony 102.49 million
Net Yaroze 1997 Sony
Sega Saturn 1994 Sega
3DO Interactive Multiplayer 1993 Panasonic / Sanyo / GoldStar
Amiga CD32 1993 Commodore
Casio Loopy 1995 Casio
Playdia 1994 Bandai
CPS Changer 1994 Capcom
Nintendo 64 1996 Nintendo 32.93 million
Nintendo 64DD 1999 Nintendo
Sega Neptune Cancelled Sega N/A

Sixth generation (1998–2005)

Name Release date Manufacturer Units sold
Dreamcast 1998 Sega
Nuon 2000 VM Labs
PlayStation 2 2000 Sony 155 Million
Atari Jaguar II Cancelled Atari Corporation
L600 Cancelled Indrema
MoMA Eve Cancelled Via
GameCube 2001 Nintendo
Game Boy Player 2003 Nintendo
iQue Player 2003 Nintendo
Panasonic M2 Cancelled Panasonic
Panasonic Q/Q Game Boy Player 2001 Nintendo / Panasonic
Xbox 2001 Microsoft
PSX 2003 Sony
XaviX Port 2004 SSD Company
DISCover 2004 Digital Interactive Systems Corporation
Leapster TV 2005 LeapFrog
V.Smile 2005 VTech
GoGo TV Video Vision 2005 Manley / Toy Quest
Buzztime Home Trivia System 2005 NTN Buzztime / Cadaco
Sega Beena 2005 Sega

Seventh generation (2005–2012)

Name Release date Manufacturer Units sold
Phantom Cancelled Phantom
Game Wave 2005 ZAPiT 70 thousand(as of 2008)[2]
Xbox 360 2005 Microsoft 83.7 million(as of March 31, 2014)[3][4][5][6]
HyperScan 2006 Mattel
ION 2006 Playskool / Hasbro
Wii 2006 Nintendo 101.06 million(as of March 31, 2014)[7]
PlayStation 3 2006 Sony 80 million[8]
I Can Play Piano 2006 Fisher-Price
V.Flash 2006 VTech
V.Smile V-Motion 2008 VTech
V.Smile Baby 2009 VTech
Vmigo TV Docking System 2006 Jakks Pacific
Telestory 2006 Jakks Pacific
Clickstart My First Computer 2007 LeapFrog
I Can Play Guitar 2007 Fisher-Price
Smart Cycle 2007 Fisher-Price
EVO Smart Console 2008 Envizions Low hundreds[9]
Retro Duo 2008 Retrobit
Sega Firecore 2009 AtGames
Zippity 2009 LeapFrog
Sega Zone 2010 Atgames / Sega
Eedoo CT510 2012 Lenovo / Eedoo
Zeebo 2009 Zeebo Inc.

Eighth generation (2012–present)

Name Release date Manufacturer Units Sold
Wii U 2012 Nintendo 9.54 million(as of July 15, 2015)[10]
PlayStation 4 2013 Sony 22.3 million as of March 2015
Xbox One 2013 Microsoft
Steam Machine 2015 VALVe and other third party hardware companies.
RetroN 5 2014 Hyperkin
LeapTV 2014 LeapFrog

See also

References

  1. ^ Bub, Andrew (June 7, 2005). "The Original GamerDad: Ralph Baer". http://www.gamerdad.com. Archived from the original on 2008-12-07. Retrieved February 23, 2010. 
  2. ^ "VP Final - MP4". 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  3. ^ "Earnings Release FY13 Q4". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Earnings Release FY14 Q1". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Earnings Release FY14 Q2". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Earnings Release FY14 Q3". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Top Selling Software Sales Units". Nintendo Co., Ltd. March 31, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "PlayStation 3 Sales Reach 80 Million Units Worldwide".  
  9. ^ "Crowdfunding and the Mysterious Oton Console". Tap-Repeatedly. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  10. ^ Nintendo. "Hardware and Softare units sold". www.nintendo.co.jp. Nintendo. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
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