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Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence

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Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence

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The Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence or the PCPI was the drafting body of the 1943 Philippine Constitution which was signed and unanimously approved on September 4, 1943 by its members and was then ratified by a popular convention of the KALIBAPI in Manila on September 7, 1943.

Background


In mid-1942, Japanese Premier Hideki Tōjō had promised the Filipinos "the honor of independence" which meant that the commission would be supplanted by a formal republic.

The PCPI was composed of 20 prominent Filipinos mostly pre-war legislators. But many Filipinos, ridiculed the PCPI's meaning, for them it was Please Cancel Philippine Independence'

The PCPI tasked with drafting a new constitution was composed, in large part, of members of the prewar National Assembly and of individuals with experience as delegates to the convention that had drafted the 1935 Philippine Constitution. Their draft for the republic to be established under the Japanese Occupation, however, would be limited in duration, provide for indirect, instead of direct, legislative elections, and an even stronger executive branch.

Leadership

President

Vice Presidents

Other members

Drafting

1943 Constitution
Drafting July 9 to September 4, 1943
Approval and Signing September 4, 1943
Ratification September 7, 1943

See also

External links

Further reading

  • Philippine House of Representatives Congressional Library
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